1 / 29

Famous Geologist

Famous Geologist. Hutton- Anning-Mantell Agazzi- Mercalli- Wegener Hess. 1700's-1800's & 1900's. James Hutton. June 14,1726 - March 26, 1797 Edinburgh, Scotland. Theory of Rock Formation "Deep Time". James Hutton Geolgist. Mary Anning May 21, 1799- Marach 9, 1847 Lyme Regis, England.

Télécharger la présentation

Famous Geologist

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. Content is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use only. Download presentation by click this link. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server. During download, if you can't get a presentation, the file might be deleted by the publisher.


Presentation Transcript

  1. Famous Geologist Hutton- Anning-Mantell Agazzi- Mercalli- Wegener Hess 1700's-1800's & 1900's

  2. James Hutton June 14,1726 - March 26, 1797 Edinburgh, Scotland

  3. Theory of Rock Formation "Deep Time" James Hutton Geolgist

  4. Mary Anning May 21, 1799- Marach 9, 1847 Lyme Regis, England Written by Terry Sullivan inspired by Mary Anning’s life and family business She sells seashells on the seashore The shells she sells are seashells, I’m sure So if she sells seashells on the seashore Then I’am sure she sells seashore shells.

  5. Fossils Discovered by Mary Anning& Greatest ContributionTheory of Extinction Ichthyosaurs Plesiosaurus Skelton

  6. Gideon Mantell February 3,1790- November 10, 1852 Lewes, Sussex, England Founder of the Scientific Study of Dinosaurs

  7. Gideon Mantell- Discovered the first fossil teeth and skelton of the Iguanodon Iguanodon

  8. Innovator of the Earth’s Natural History Proposed the Earth's Ice Age The Study of Glaciers Louis Agassiz May 28, 1807 - December 14, 1873 Haut-Vully, Switzerland

  9. Giuseppe Mercalli May 21, 1850-March 19, 1914 Milan, Italy Ordained Roman Catholic Priest & Professor of Natural Sciences Milan, Italy

  10. Mercalli Intensity Scale 1-4 • I. Instrumental Not felt by many people unless in favourable conditions. • II. Feeble Felt only by a few people at best, especially on the upper floors of buildings. Delicately suspended objects may swing. • III. Slight Felt quite noticeably by people indoors, especially on the upper floors of buildings. Many do not recognize it as an earthquake. Standing motor cars may rock slightly. Vibration similar to the passing of a truck. Duration estimated. • IV. Moderate Felt indoors by many people, outdoors by few people during the day. At night, some awakened. Dishes, windows, doors disturbed; walls make cracking sound. Sensation like heavy truck striking building. Standing motor cars rock noticeably. Dishes and windows rattle alarmingly.

  11. Mercalli Intensity Scale 5-8 • V. Rather Strong Felt outside by most, may not be felt by some outside in non-favourable conditions. Dishes and windows may break and large bells will ring. Vibrations like large train passing close to house. • VI. Strong Felt by all; many frightened and run outdoors, walk unsteadily. Windows, dishes, glassware broken; books fall off shelves; some heavy furniture moved or overturned; a few instances of fallen plaster. Damage slight. • VII. Very Strong Difficult to stand; furniture broken; damage negligible in building of good design and construction; slight to moderate in well-built ordinary structures; considerable damage in poorly built or badly designed structures; some chimneys broken. Noticed by people driving motor cars. • VIII. Destructive Damage slight in specially designed structures; considerable in ordinary substantial buildings with partial collapse. Damage great in poorly built structures. Fall of chimneys, factory stacks, columns, monuments, walls. Heavy furniture moved.

  12. The lower degrees of the MM scale generally deal with the manner in which the earthquake is felt by people. The higher numbers of the scale are based on observed structural damage. The table below is a rough guide to the degrees of the Modified Mercalli Scale. The colors and descriptive names shown here differ from those used on certain shake maps in other articles. Mercalli Intensity Scale 9-12 • IX. Ruinous General panic; damage considerable in specially designed structures, well designed frame structures thrown out of plumb. Damage great in substantial buildings, with partial collapse. Buildings shifted off foundations. • X. Disastrous Some well built wooden structures destroyed; most masonry and frame structures destroyed with foundation. Rails bent. • XI. Very Disastrous Few, if any masonry structures remain standing. Bridges destroyed. Rails bent greatly. • XII. Catastrophic Total damage - Everything is destroyed. Total destruction. Lines of sight and level distorted. Objects thrown into the air. The ground moves in waves or ripples. Large amounts of rock move position

  13. German Scientist November 1,1880 - November 1930 Born Berlin, Germany Developed the Theory of the Continental Drift

  14. The Continental Drift Pangaea meaning "All lands" or "All Earth"

  15. Harry Hammond Hess May 24, 1906 - August 25, 1969 New York, New York Study the Ocean Floor & Developed the "theory of the ocean's plate tectonics".

  16. Plate Tectonics

More Related