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Skin Infections In Athletics

Skin Infections In Athletics. Skin Infections. Skin always has some amount of bacteria, fungus, and viruses living on it Skin infections occur when: there are breaks in the skin organisms have uncontrolled growth. When worry about skin lesions?. Lesions are bright red

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Skin Infections In Athletics

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  1. Skin Infections In Athletics

  2. Skin Infections • Skin always has some amount of bacteria, fungus, and viruses living on it • Skin infections occur when: • there are breaks in the skin • organisms have uncontrolled growth

  3. When worry about skin lesions? • Lesions are bright red • Lesions that are warmer compared to other skin • Inflammation and irritation around the skin lesions • Prior history of infectious skin lesions • Skin abrasions increase the risk of skin infection

  4. Expertise • Experienced person with skin lesions, the better the medical evaluation • The best situation is qualified physicians, trainers and referees working together for the benefit of the athletes

  5. Skin Infections - Highlights • Bacteria (can be cured) • Staphylococcus including MRSA • Streptococcus bacteria causing Impetigo • Fungal (can be cured) • Ringworm • Athlete’s foot • Viral (can’t be cured but can be treated) • Herpes • Warts • Molluscum contagiosum

  6. Skin Infections - Bacteria • Right antibiotics is required to cure a bacterial skin infection • Antibiotics will not cure fungal or viral infections • Can be the fastest growing infections • Most easily spread among athletes

  7. Staphylococcus Infections • Staph Aureus bacteria commonly cause skin infections • 20 to 30% of healthy people have Staph on their skin. • Staph are resistant to some antibiotics • all Staph infections can be treated with one or more antibiotics

  8. Staphylococcus Infections • Athletes, military recruits, children, and prisoners are at higher risk of Staph infections. • Risk of infection increased when there are: • cuts in the skin • close skin-to-skin contact • crowded living conditions • poor hygiene • contaminated items and surfaces

  9. Typical Staph Skin Lesions

  10. Typical Staph Skin Lesions

  11. MRSA • MRSA • Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteria • Does NOT respond to some antibiotics used to treat regular Staph • MRSA skin infections are on rise in high school athletes

  12. MRSA • MRSA • Appears on skin as sores or boils • Looks much like a regular Staph infection • Spreads through direct contact with people or equipment/surfaces contaminated with MRSA

  13. MRSA • Treatment • Don’t ignore infected areas • Don’t drain sore yourself • Seek medical attention • Doctor will drain sore, bandage and may prescribe antibiotics • Keep sore covered at all times to reduce infecting others

  14. Staph and MRSA • Staphlycoccus Infections

  15. Impetigo • Impetigo • Highly contagious bacterial skin infection • Caused by Group A Streptococcus (GAS) bacteria • Not common in adults but occurs in close contact athletes (rugby, football and wrestling) • Video

  16. Impetigo • Impetigo • Appears first as small blisters • Blisters evolve to yellowish, honey colored crusted blisters • Can be treated with topical antibiotic • Can’t participate until all blisters are cleared up • Refer athlete to doctor for correct diagnosis

  17. Staph vs. Strep • Strep bacteria • Staph bacteria

  18. Ringworm • Ringworm • Caused by a fungus (not worm) called Tinea Corporis • Appears as ring-shaped lesions on skin • Spreads through direct contact with infected individuals

  19. Ringworm • Ringworm • Fungus thrives on warm, moist skin • Athletes at greatest risk are wrestlers and football • Accounts for approx 84% of skin infections in wrestlers • Treat with antifungal creams and avoid contact with others

  20. Ringworm Tips to prevent ringworm 1. Shower after playing sports 2. Dry thoroughly after bathing or swimming 3. Wash clothes and yourself after each workout 4. Avoid contact with individuals who are infected 5. Don’t share towels or clothing with others

  21. Athlete’s Foot • Athlete’s foot • Caused by fungus called Tinea Pedis • Fungus thrives in warm, moist areas • Contagious and spreads through person to person contact • Also spreads by walking barefoot across contaminated floors

  22. Athlete’s Foot • Athlete’s foot • Symptoms are burning, itching and scaling of the skin • Treated by many antifungal topical medications • Keep feet dry as possible, don’t walk barefoot across locker rooms or weight rooms

  23. Herpes • Herpes • Viral infection • Most common in athletes is Herpes gladiatorum (mat herpes) • Caused Herpes Simplex Virus type I • Same virus that causes cold sores

  24. Herpes • Herpes • Once infected, can treat symptoms but have the virus inside body for life • Lesions usually appear on face or upper body • Contagious during outbreaks • Seek medical attention • No practice or play until no longer contagious

  25. Warts • Warts • Most common in athletes is plantar warts • Caused by human papilloma virus (HPV) • Virus enters skin through cuts or cracks • Usually occur on soles of feet and can spread by walking barefoot

  26. Warts • Warts • Usually not a health risk • Can be treated easily with freezing kits or cauterization • Treat immediately to avoid spreading virus to others

  27. Molluscum Contagiosum • Molluscum Conagiosum • Caused by the pox virus • Lesions are contagious and should be treated immediately to avoid spreading • Most common in wrestlers • Video

  28. Wrestling Mats - Haven for Bacteria

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