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SQL Server 2005 Express

SQL Server 2005 Express

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SQL Server 2005 Express

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  1. SQL Server 2005 Express Jeremy Kadlec Edgewood Solutions www.edgewoodsolutions.com jeremyk@edgewoodsolutions.com 410.591.4683 CFUNITED – The premier ColdFusion conference www.cfunited.com

  2. Agenda • Introductions • Session Goals • Installation Path and Licensing • Management Studio Primer • Development • Administration • Additional Resources • Q & A Please fill out survey’s

  3. Jeremy Kadlec • Edgewood Solutions (www.edgewoodsolutions.com) • Customer focused SQL Server solutions • Planning, Audits, Integration, Training, Products • Performance Tuning, Administration, Development, Upgrades, High Availability, Disaster Recovery, Database Auditing • Principal Database Engineer • jeremyk@edgewoodsolutions.com • 410.591.4683 • Author of numerous SQL Server resources • www.edgewoodsolutions.com/resources/articles.asp • SearchSQLServer.com – Ask the Experts • The Rational Guide to IT Project Management • NOVA SQL Co-Leader – www.novasql.com • SQL Server 2005 Adoption Rate Report • www.edgewoodsolutions.com/EdgewoodLabs/

  4. Session Goals • Answer the following questions: • What is SQL Server 2005 Express and how is it any different than the other versions of SQL 2005? • Where do I get my copy? • What is the general installation process? • How do I create a database, then the tables and code to support my application? • What are some of the basic administration tasks that I should be aware of? • Where can I find more information on SQL Server 2005 Express edition?

  5. SS2K5 Express Introduction • Scaled down and easy to use version of SQL 2005 • CPU’s = 1 • Memory = 1 GB • Database size = 4 GB • Users = unlimited • Cost = FREE • Replacement to SQL Server 2000 MSDE • Redistributed version of SQL Server • Intended for ISVs, ISPs, ASPs, web dev and hobby • Environments = Production, test and development • Advanced Services – Includes Reporting Services and Full Text Search

  6. SS2K5 Feature Comparison

  7. Express Edition Licensing • Register for SQL Server Express Edition Redistribution Rights • http://www.microsoft.com/sql/editions/ express/redistregister.mspx

  8. SS2K5 Express Installation • Prerequisites and installation order • Download locations • Verifying installation • Post installation tasks

  9. Prerequisites • Windows Installer 3.1 (~2.5 MB) • http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?FamilyID=889482fc-5f56-4a38-b838-de776fd4138c&displaylang=en • .NET Framework 2.0 (~ 22 MB) • http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?familyid=0856eacb-4362-4b0d-8edd-aab15c5e04f5&displaylang=en • Microsoft Core XML Services (MSXML) 6.0 (~3.5 MB) • http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?familyid=993c0bcf-3bcf-4009-be21-27e85e1857b1&displaylang=en • Windows 2000 + SP &&& or Windows 2003 + SP &&&

  10. Express Edition Downloads • Microsoft SQL Server 2005 Express Edition (~55 MB) • http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?FamilyID=220549b5-0b07-4448-8848-dcc397514b41&DisplayLang=en • Microsoft SQL Server Management Studio Express • http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?familyid=C243A5AE-4BD1-4E3D-94B8-5A0F62BF7796&displaylang=en

  11. Express Edition Downloads • SQL Server 2005 Books Online (April 2006) • http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?familyid=BE6A2C5D-00DF-4220-B133-29C1E0B6585F&displaylang=en • SQL Server 2005 Samples and Sample Databases (April 2006) • http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?familyid=E719ECF7-9F46-4312-AF89-6AD8702E4E6E&displaylang=en

  12. Welcome Screen License Agreement File Copy System Configuration Check Name and Company Feature Selection Instance Name Character Set Authentication Mode Error and Usage Reporting Summary Installation Final Verification Installation Process

  13. Verify Installation • Default Installation Directory • C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\SQLExpress\ • ~140 MB • Windows Service • SQL Server (SQLExpress) • SQL Server Browser • Windows Event Log

  14. Post Installation Task 1 • Configuration Manager • Services • Network Protocols • Client Protocols • Aliases • Great for server consolidation projects without changing front end application connection strings

  15. Post Installation Task 2 • Surface Area Configuration • Services and Connections • Service management • Remote Connections • Features • CLR Integration • xp_cmdshell

  16. SQL Server 2005 Express Tour • Primary interface to SS2K5 Express • Object Explorer • Template Explorer • Summary Window • View Toolbars • Combination of Enterprise Manager and QA in SQL 2000 • Similar functionality as the Management Studio for other SQL 2005 versions

  17. Database Creation • Right click on the ‘Database’ folder, select ‘New Database’ and complete ‘New Database’ Wizard • CREATE DATABASE T-SQL statement

  18. Table Creation • Table creation interface with Column and Table Properties • Table Designer toolbar • Save Change Script • Template Explorer – CREATE TABLE T-SQL template

  19. Database Design • Create and drop tables, indexes, primary keys, etc. in the diagram or database • Making database coding changes, not mock up • Database Design Toolbar

  20. Views • View = virtual table to query based on an underlying SELECT statement • View Designer Toolbar • View Template Explorer

  21. Synonyms • Synonym = reference to a virtual object that can be on another server or schema • SQL Server imposes late binding so test based on name appropriately • CREATE SYNONYM T-SQL statement

  22. Programming • T-SQL and CLR support • CLR off by default = Enable CLR via Surface Area Configuration • Objects – Stored Procedures, Functions, Triggers (DML and DDL) • Foundation for SQL Server development

  23. T-SQL Enhancements • Error Handling • TRY and CATCH paradigm from procedural languages such as VB BEGIN TRY T-SQL Code… END TRY BEGIN CATCH T-SQL Code… ERROR_NUMBER() ERROR_SEVERITY() ERROR_STATE() ERROR_PROCEDURE() ERROR_LINE() ERROR_MESSAGE() END CATCH

  24. T-SQL or CLR • T-SQL • Data driven logic • CLR • Extend the capabilities of the native DBMS • VB.NET, ASP.NET, C#, etc. • Word to the wise… • Keep it simple • Standardize development practices at organization • Always consider performance implications

  25. XML • XML Usage • Data exchanges - B2B • Non traditional data - Visio diagrams • XML not replace traditional database design • XML = DDL • XQuery = T-SQL • SELECT’s FOR XML option • Auto, Raw, Explicit • Native XML data type • Columns (2 GB), variables, parameters • XML Schema • Schema Collections • XML Indexes • Primary – 1 row per node (element, attribute, text) to improve speed to the node • Secondary – Path, Value, Property • Compliments SQLXML • UpdateGrams - Insert, update, or delete relational data • DiffGrams - Modify relational data

  26. Security • Login and user paradigm • Server, database and application roles • Fixed and user defined • Schema – Container for object ownership • Data Encryption – Certificates, Asymmetric Keys and Symmetric Keys • Set of simple T-SQL commands • EncryptByKey and DecryptByKey

  27. Administration 101 • Database Backups and Restores • WINAT with SQLCMD • SQL Agent on another SQL Server • SQL Server Error Logs • Issue reviewing logs - C:\Program Files\ Microsoft SQL Server\SQLExpress\ MSSQL.1\ MSSQL\LOG • Activity Monitor • Snapshot of SQL Server transactions

  28. Performance Tuning • Dynamic Management Views (DMV) operate in near real time from internal structures at a Server and Component level • dm_exec_* = Execution of user code and associated connections • dm_os_* = Memory, locking and scheduling • dm_tran_* = Transactions and isolation • dm_io_* = I/O on network and disks • dm_db_* = Databases and database objects • dm_repl_* = Replication • dm_broker_* = SQL Service Broker • dm_fts_* = Full Text Search • dm_qn_* = Query Notifications • dm_clr_* = Common Language Runtime

  29. How DMVs Improve Management • Index-related DMVs • sys.dm_db_index_physical_stats • Size and fragmentation information for tables and indexes • sys.dm_db_index_operational_stats • Internals information for table and index activities • sys.dm_db_index_usage_stats • Index statistics and usage counts information for individual indexes • sys.dm_db_index_partition_stats • Page and row-count information for every partition

  30. Alternative Dev Environment • SQLCMD • Command line interface for any version of SQL Server 2005 • Ability to perform any development or administrative function • Dedicated Administrator Connection (DAC) • Default location = C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\90\Tools\binn • More information - SQLCMD /?

  31. Patching Express • SQL Slammer was able to cause havoc, propagating a DOS and needed patching • Patch SQL Servers • Use a non-default port and other settings • Microsoft SQL Server 2005 Express Edition Service Pack 1 • http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?familyid=11350B1F-8F44-4DB6-B542-4A4B869C2FF1&displaylang=en

  32. SS2K5 Express Web Resources • Microsoft SQL Server 2005 Express Web Site • http://www.microsoft.com/sql/editions/express/ default.mspx • MSDN Web Site – SQL Server 2005 Express • http://msdn.microsoft.com/sql/express/ • SQL Server 2005 Express BLOG • http://blogs.msdn.com/sqlexpress/ • SQL Server 2005 Books Online • http://www.microsoft.com/technet/prodtechnol/sql/ 2005/downloads/books.mspx

  33. SS2K5 Express Books • SQL Server 2005 Express Beta Preview • http://www.MannPublishing.com/ • Wrox's SQL Server 2005 Express Edition Starter Kit • Microsoft (r) SQL Server (tm) 2005 Express Edition: Step by Step • Sams Teach Yourself SQL Server 2005 Express in 24 Hours • Microsoft SQL Server 2005 Express For Dummies®

  34. Questions and Thank You Jeremy Kadlec Edgewood Solutions www.edgewoodsolutions.com jeremyk@edgewoodsolutions.com 410.591.4683 Please fill out survey’s