Christian Doctrine 1 / Dr. Billings Who is Christ?The Joyful Mysteries POWERPOINT 2B
Christian Doctrine 1 / Dr. Billings Prayer of the Week The Hail Mary Hail Mary, full of grace, The Lord is with thee, Blessed art thou among women And blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus; Holy Mary, mother of God, pray for us sinners, now and at the hour of our death.
Christian Doctrine 1 / Dr. Billings Red Letter Points /PPT 2B • Note some details of the Visitation. • The Hail Mary: Where is it from (three points)? • Why is Mary so important (according to Catholic theology)? • What is the basic Christian teaching of the “Incarnation”? • Whenwas Jesus born? Why is this a difficult question?
Christian Doctrine 1 / Dr. Billings Luke 1:39-56: “The Visitation” http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Champaigne_visitation.jpg
Christian Doctrine 1 / Dr. Billings The Visitation - Luke 1:39-56 (Also: Luke 1:8-17) Some details on the Visitation: • What is Elizabeth’s husband’s name? Who is their child? What is their child supposed to do, according to the angel? • Zechariah (2:51 of video 1, Nativity Story) (Luke 1:8-17) • John the Baptist, is to “turn many… to the Lord”; “turn the disobedient to wisdom”; “make ready a people” = PROPHET • What does Elizabeth call Mary? What happens to Elizabeth and her child when they encounter Mary? What is the first sentence Elizabeth “exclaimed with a loud cry” when she met Mary? • “The mother of my Lord”; child “leaps” in her womb (some say this is like David before the Ark of the Covenant) • “Blessed are you among women, and blessed is the fruit of your womb” (further Biblical basis of the Hail Mary).
Christian Doctrine 1 / Dr. Billings The Hail Mary: Where is it from (three points)? The Hail Mary is from Scripture and Tradition: • A tradition not explicitly recorded in scripture of Christians holding Mary to be particularly holy. • Two passages of scripture referring to Mary: • (2a): The visit from Gabriel at the Annunciation (“Hail, full of grace, the Lord is with you!” – Luke 1:28) • (2b): The visit to Elizabeth at the Visitation (“Blessed are you among women and blessed is the fruit of your womb” – Luke 1: 42)
Christian Doctrine 1 / Dr. Billings Luke 2:1-20 “The Nativity” http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Nativity_alabaster_MNMA_Cl23755.jpg
Christian Doctrine 1 / Dr. Billings Why is Mary so important? (according to Catholic theology) To understand Christ, should see Mary’s essential role • “Mary has … (an) essential reference to the Word of God and, in him and through him, to the history of salvation.” One cannot speak of Christ without an understanding of Mary • To not speak of Mary or diminish her role carries consequences in understanding of Christ’s redemption – fully human – how God can work in us. • “…Only when it touches Mary (is) Christology itself as radical as the faith of the Church requires.” J. Ratzinger (now Pope Benedict XVI) Mary fulfills a central role in salvation history • Spoken of as “new Eve”; through Eve comes sin, through Mary comes grace; seen as the most perfect of the human race.
Christian Doctrine 1 / Dr. Billings When was Jesus born? Why is this a difficult question? • Dating the birth of Jesus raises complex questions, unclear answers: • According to Luke, Jesus’ birth was during the reign of Herod the Great, who died 4 B.C. However, Luke also says he was born under Quirinius(during the census), but this was in 7 A.D.; • Dionysius Exiguusdeveloped the “A.D.” system in the 500’s, but misdates Jesus’ birth in 6th century A.D.(this system was popularized by St. Bede the historian). • Conclusion: though we date his birth as the beginning of western calendar (1 A.D.); the actual year is uncertain; • Can situate it going back from Jesus death. It is clear that Jesus’ death was under Pontius Pilate, who was Roman Prefect from 26-36 A.D. in Palestine, and that Luke says Jesus was “about thirty years old when he began his ministry.” Here too, the conclusion is not precise.
Christian Doctrine 1 / Dr. Billings What is the Christian teaching of the “Incarnation”? • Notes: • nativity = childbirth (“Nativity Scene”); • incarnation = taking on of human flesh (Reincarnation = soul migrates to new body) • the basic Christian teaching: Jesus is “fully human, fully divine” in the incarnation; • Jesus’ conception is the actual incarnation; the nativity is His bodily, visible presence at birth; • teaching is not that a “human becomes God” but that God “lowers Himself to take on our humanity”
Christian Doctrine 1 / Dr. Billings Powerpoint 2B (end)