Download
events leading to the civil war n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Events Leading to the Civil War PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Events Leading to the Civil War

Events Leading to the Civil War

138 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

Events Leading to the Civil War

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Events Leading to the Civil War

  2. Problem: Maine, Missouri, and the territories of the Louisiana Purchase want to become states. How do we admit these places and satisfy the free and slave states?

  3. Missouri Compromise (Compromise of 1820) by Henry Clay 36 30’ Louisiana Purchase Missouri – slave state Maine – free state

  4. Problem: California and the territories of the Mexican Cession want to become states. Slaves are escaping to the North. Slaves are being sold in the nations capital, Washington, DC. How do we admit these places, take care of escaping slaves, and slave sales while satisfying the free and slave states?

  5. Clay’s Compromise (Compromise of 1850) by Henry Clay Mexican Cession California was a free state Fugitive Slave Law No slave sales in D.C.

  6. Harriet Beecher Stowe 1852 - Uncle Tom’s Cabin

  7. 1854 – Ostend Manifesto Spain refused to sell Cuba to the U.S. Diplomats from the US in Belgium wrote a document urging the President to take Cuba by force and admit it as a slave state.

  8. Stephen Douglas (The Little Giant) 1854 – Kansas-Nebraska Act Cancelled the Missouri Compromise and left the slavery issue up to the settlers in these two territories.

  9. Violence in Congress 1856 – South Carolina Rep. Preston Brooks brutally attacked Massachusetts Senator Charles Sumner, beating with his cane for a speech he made about the issues in Kansas.

  10. Dred Scott Decision 1857 – Dred Scott was a slave in a free territory. The Supreme Court said he was still a slave.

  11. Harpers Ferry 1859 – John Brown (God’s Angry Man): He tried to lead a slave rebellion at Harpers Ferry, Virginia.

  12. Abraham Lincoln & Stephen Douglas 1860 – Lincoln defeats Douglas for the Presidency. • Secession – S.C. along with 6 other states leave the Union.

  13. Fort Sumter 1861 – The South overtakes the fort. This is the first act of the Civil War.

  14. North (Union) v. South (Confederacy)

  15. Northern Attitude • Northerners thought the war would be over after the first battle. • They would capture Richmond and the Southern states would return.

  16. Southern Attitude • Southerners were ready to defend their land and states’ rights.

  17. Northern Advantages • Larger Population – 22 mil to the South’s 9mil (3.5 mil were slaves) • Northern factories and mills - The South had to depend on foreign countries for supplies.

  18. Southern Advantages • Better Generals– most of the generals were from West Point • Defensive War – the South had to defend their land. If the war was a tie, the South would win.

  19. Bull Run/Manassas • First Battle • Virginia • Northern picnickers watched like it was a spectator sport. • 35,000 Union troops against 25,000 Confederate troops

  20. Bull Run/Manassas • At first the Union was winning. • Fresh Confederates troops appeared. • Untrained Union soldiers retreated back through the picnickers .

  21. Bull Run/Manassas • The Confederates rested and did not pursue, as they won the first battle of the war. • The Union soon realized this would be a long and bloody war.