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Literature of the Fantastic. Roads Go Ever, Ever On. Begins in Archetypes and the Formation of Myths. We start off with assertion that there exists in all of humanity certain patterns and types. These archetypes if real were placed within our minds by God
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Literature of the Fantastic Roads Go Ever, Ever On. . .
Begins in Archetypes and the Formation of Myths • We start off with assertion that there exists in all of humanity certain patterns and types. • These archetypes if real were placed within our minds by God • Archetypes are the founding stone of dreams and myths. • Myths in this class are not classified as faulse but as attempts to try and answer the major questions of the human heart.
The big questions • Where Do I Come From? • Why am I Here? • Why Do I Do the Things That I Do? • Can it be fixed • Is there anything more? • Where Am I Going?
These myths shape narrative which is revealed in Literature: These Narratives are read by those who believe: • Homeric Hymns • Epic Poems (Not just Greek also Gilgamesh and Beowulf) • Greek Drama Remember that Christianity is the True Myth and So it will shape the narratives as well:
Into the Middle Ages and the Renaissance • Medieval Romance “Wife of Bath’s Tale” • The development of allegory • The return of Drama • Shakespeare: Hamlet, Macbeth, Midsummer • Age of Reason ends a lot of the mythic fantastic narrative. • Bunyan's Pilgrim’s Progress-allegory • Swift’s Gulliver’s Travels is an exception but it is primarily a work of satire rather than awe. Still it is notable that this work was delegated into the realm of children’s literature because children loved it.
The Fantastic Among the Romantics • Expresses the belief of things larger • Affirms that reason is not the only gateway to truth • The wonder of the fantastic goes along with the wonder of nature • The particulars however unlike those of Shakespeare and Chaucer before him are no longer believed.
Victorians • The rise of science and the loss of belief • “The Oxen” by Thomas Hardy: “So fair a fancy few would weave this day.” • The delegation of the fantastic to children’s literature – Golden age of children’s lit • George MacDonald’s “The Golden Key.” • Lewis Carroll “Jabberwocky” Alice in Wonderfuland • Influenced C. S Lewis and JRR Tolkien
The Coming of Science Fiction • Speculative Fiction—if technology continues who does it affect individuals and society? • Types • Extraterrestrial • Technilogical • Dystopia • Holocaust • Post Holocaust • Classes • Hard Sci Fi • Nothing impossible • Soft Sci Fi • Whatever flies