5.2: Sectionalism from 1850-1860 & The Civil War (1861-1865) • Follow along in the student packet: “Content students MUST KNOW to be successful on the GHSGT” (pg. 92-96) Click Here Click Here
increased The incident at Harpers Ferry’s greatly ___________ tensions between the North and South (a)
By 1860, the Republicans elected Lincoln without even campaigning in the South!
Secession & the Effects of Fort Sumter Civil War was not technically between slave states & free states (the “border states” of MO, KY, DE, MD did not secede)
Fort Sumter, South Carolina In April 1861, a skirmish at Fort Sumter, SC led to the 1st shots fired of the Civil War
Antietam, 1862: Convinced England & France not to join war with CSA & convinced Lincoln to issue the Emancipation Proclamation The Civil War Gettysburg, 1863: The “turning point” of the Civil War Vicksburg, 1863: Cut off Southern access to Mississippi River & led to Ulysses Grant’s promotion
Emancipation in 1863 The border states could keep their slaves (until 13th amendment passed in 1865)
William Tecumseh Sherman (1820-1891) was a famous Union general during the Civil War.
Confederate lines around Atlanta were some of the most fortified of the War. General Johnston hoped to inflict unacceptable losses upon Sherman if he should try to take the city.
Sherman’s first step was to capture the Confederate rail hub of Atlanta. He assaulted the Confederate positions at Kenesaw Mountain, the key to the rest of the area.
Peachtree Street in Atlanta after the Federal bombardment of the city. Marietta Street runs to the left and Decatur Street to the right.
By the end of the Civil War, most of the South's locomotives had been destroyed.
32 Speed! 8 Who wrote Uncle Tom’s Cabin? • The Grimke sisters • Thomas Paine • Harriet Tubman • Frederick Douglas • Harriet Beecher Stowe 10
32 Speed! 10 What was a result of the Kansas-Nebraska Act? • Popular sovereignty for Kansas and Nebraska • A reaffirmation of the Missouri Compromise • Several years of peace on the issue of slavery • The end of the political career of Stephen Douglas 10
32 Speed! 10 Popular Sovereignty could be considered a cause of • The Emancipation Proclamation • Lincoln’s victory in the election of 1860 • The Gettysburg Address • “Bleeding Kansas” 10
32 10 The Dred Scott decision did all of the following EXCEPT • please Southerners • rule that slaves did not have rights • declare the Missouri Compromise unconstitutional • guarantee that slavery would not be allowed in future states 10
32 Speed! 9 What was one effect of John Brown’s actions at Harpers Ferry? • An end to the abolitionist movement • An increase in the tensions between the North and South • A brief period of national unity • An embarrassing defeat for Robert E. Lee 10
32 10 All of the following were strengths of the North EXCEPT • Manufacturing Capabilities • Military Leadership • Population • Transportation Infrastructure 10
32 Speed! 10 The Civil War began with the Confederate attack on • Fort Wagner • Fort McHenry • Fort Sumter • Fort Bennings 10
32 10 Lincoln’s main goal at the beginning of the war • Free the slaves • Preserve the Union • Gain the support of European countries • Win reelection 10
32 Speed! 10 Despite the many disadvantages facing the South, a huge advantage was that they planned to fight a • War of aggression • War of neutrality • Offensive war • Defensive war 10
32 Speed! 10 What was the approximate number of slaves who were immediately freed by the Emancipation Proclamation? • 6 million • 4 million • 2 million • none 10
32 10 What was the stated aim of the Emancipation Proclamation? • to free all slaves in the United States • to free slaves behind Confederate lines • to free slaves in Union slaves states • to enlist slaves in the Union army 10
32 10 The Battle of Gettysburg was NOT • a devastating defeat for the Confederates • the battle that cut the Confederacy in two • a battle with heavy casualties on both sides • the last time the South invaded the North 10
32 10 Which of the following quotations is from the Gettysburg Address? • “We are not prepared for this suffrage. But we can learn.” • “You are rushing into war with one of the most powerful, … determined people on earth.” • “Early to bed, early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy, and wise.” • “That the government of the people, by the people and for the people shall not perish” 10
The Battle of Gettysburg (1863) took place in what century? 32 • 17th • 18th • 19th • 20th 10 10
0 100 200 300 400 1900 2000 2100 Converting Years into Centuries and Centuries into Years Easiest way to remember: • What year is it? • What century are we in? • The century is always one more than the year. • But why??? 2010 21st 1st 2nd 3rd 4th A.D.
32 10 What battle gave the North control over the Mississippi? • Atlanta • Antietam • Gettysburg • Vicksburg 10
32 10 The man whose “Georgia Campaign” resulted in Lincoln winning reelection • Stonewall Jackson • George Meade • Winfield Scott • William T. Sherman 10