1 / 14

Types of War, Types of Jeopardy

Types of War, Types of Jeopardy National Defense in the 21 st Century 3 Traditional Kinds of War Genuine Civil Wars Violent conflict over control of the government Examples: Colombia, Sierra Leone, Liberia Wars of Secession

Télécharger la présentation

Types of War, Types of Jeopardy

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. Content is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use only. Download presentation by click this link. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server. During download, if you can't get a presentation, the file might be deleted by the publisher.


Presentation Transcript

  1. Types of War,Types of Jeopardy National Defense in the 21st Century

  2. 3 Traditional Kinds of War • Genuine Civil Wars • Violent conflict over control of the government • Examples: Colombia, Sierra Leone, Liberia • Wars of Secession • Wars to carve a new country from part of the territory of a current country • The US Civil War, Eritrea, end of Yugoslavia • Wars between Countries • One country invading another • The three Gulf Wars

  3. A New Kind of War: Terrorism • Terrorism is the use of violence to frighten people into making political concessions • Terrorism is in fact used in each of the three traditional kinds of war • Colombian war lords in their civil war • ETA, FLQ in secessionist movements • Israel and Lebanon, Iraq against Iran

  4. Non-State Terrorists • What is new is the use of terrorism by organizations other than states • The Irish Republican Army • Islamic Jihad • The Red Army Brigades • Al Qaeda

  5. Significance of Technology • Weapons • Escalation of explosive power • Non-explosive options: gas, disease • New delivery systems: missiles to suicides • Defense • Barriers to prevent penetration of weapons • Intelligence, both remote and local • Communications • From great ignorance to virtual reality

  6. The Cold War’s Balance of Terror • Mutually assured destruction • Major players • NATO, dominated by the USA • Warsaw Pact, dominated by the USSR • Minor players • China • Non-aligned states • United Nations • Surrogates

  7. Series of Surrogate Wars • Latin America • Caribbean: Cuba, Grenada • Central America: El Salvador, Guatemala • South America: CIA coup in Chile • Africa • Cone of Africa • Great Lakes area • Asia • Vietnam & the rest of the Southeast • Afghanistan & the rest of the Southwest

  8. Militarization of the World • The world militarized during the Cold War • Both sides developed arms • Both sides provided arms to allies • Both sides sold arms to willing buyers, sometimes to the harm of each later on • Each side found the limits to its power • The USA in Vietnam • The USSR in Afghanistan

  9. Optimism after the Cold War • Reduced fear of nuclear conflagration • Expected peace dividend • Evident progress in long-standing conflicts • South Africa • Northern Ireland • Cyprus • Middle East

  10. Disappointing Reality • Re-emergence of virulent nationalism • Former Yugoslavia, former USSR, Africa • Mushrooming arms sales • Air power to those with wealth, small arms to others • Rise in Terrorism • Technological advances • Alienation, motivation

  11. War & Peace in the 21st Century • Legacy of land mines • Unresolved conflicts • Palestinian-Israeli conflict • Continuing African wars, e.g. resource wars • Latin American drug wars • New constellations of security issues • Dealing with non-state actors • Unilateral or global solutions?

  12. 21st Century Jeopardy • What jeopardy is the country you are studying in from • Civil war, including terrorism by those wanting to overthrow the state? • A war of secession by a group wanting its own sovereignty, including terrorism by that group? • War with another country? • Terrorism from non-state actors?

  13. The 21st Century Hegemon • What jeopardy does the USA face? • Conventional war with another state? • Terrorism in its many guises • A dirty bomb • Biological warfare • Disruptive terrorism • What options does the USA have for dealing with that jeopardy? • In what ways should we lead, in what ways, if any, should we intimidate? • What are the limits of our power, and how do these limits influence our options? • Nye: using hard and soft power

More Related