Holy Lands One Place: Three Faiths
The Big Questions: Religions ask and try to answer certain important questions: • Why was the world created? • How should people live? • Why is there so much suffering? • What happens after death?
The Big Questions: Any answer to the big questions posed by religions cannot be tested by reason or proved. The questioner has to trust or have faith in the answers. Another word for religion is faith.
The word religion comes from the Latin religo, which means “an obligation” or “duty”. Religions require their believers to behave according to a set of guidelines or rules.
Rules for Behavior: • Many religious people believe that the code of behavior was laid down by their God and must be obeyed without question. • Others believe the code should be adjusted to the times and circumstances in which they live.
Other Points of View • People who do not believe in the existence of a supernatural power are called atheists. • People who believe that it is impossible to know whether God exists or not, because there is no proof are called agnostics.
Scriptures • Religious writings are called scriptures. • When scriptures are thought to have been communicated directly by God, they are known as revelations. • People who believe that every word of a certain scripture comes directly from God are known as conservatives, traditionalists, or fundamentalists. • People who believe that the same scripture was inspired by God, but feel that social conditions and individual views have to be taken into account in understanding it, are sometimes called liberals.
People who studied how early man lived in social groups see religion as a force, which held communities together because it gave their members a shared code of behavior and a shared way of understanding the world.
In the past, societies were often organized along religious lines. The word hierarchy means “ranking of people according to their spiritual authority”. A sect is a group, which breaks away from an established religion. A cult is a group, which follows certain particular rituals of worship. All the major religions started off as sects or cults.
Six Major Religions • Hinduism • Buddhism • Judaism • Christianity • Islam • Sikhism
Calendars • Gregorian Calendar • Based on the length of time it the earth to orbit the sun • Christian festivals remain the same every year (exception: Easter) • Introduced by Pope Gregory XIII in 1582 • Used all over the world in business and administration, & Christian Church • Other religions used Lunar based Calendar • Based on the length of time it takes the moon to orbit the earth • Lunar based festivals will shift slightly from year to year • Does not coincide with Gregorian Calendar • Used for worship & festivals
Monotheistic Religions • Three largest monotheistic religions: • Judaism • Christianity • Islam • All three religions look to the ancient city of Jerusalem as a holy site • mono is Greek for “one” • theism is from theos which is Greek for “god”
Symbol for Judaism “The Star of David”
What do we do now? • Use your three foldables to take your notes on when finding about each of the topics involved. • You may write/type your notes on a separate sheet of paper and transfer them later, but they must be placed in the correct category. • Be NEAT!!!!!!