Presidential Powers Mr Raymond
Powers and Duties of the President • Chief Executive Officer of the United States
Chief Executive • -Head of the Executive Branch • -Bureaucracy (all the people who work for the government) • Needs people to help him rule • -Duties • -Carry Out the Laws • Makes people follow Congress’ laws • -Issue Executive Orders--Term for orders given by the President in order to carry out his duties as Chief Executive—the orders have the same force as law • -Appoint Government Officials • Cabinet, judges, ambassadors As the Chief Executive, it is the President’s responsibility to make sure that all people in America are following Congress’ laws. Doing this, though, requires a lot of work and a lot of people. Therefore, MILLIONS of people work in the Executive Branch as part of the Federal Bureaucracy.
The Order of Presidential Succession The Vice President The Speaker of the House The President pro tempore of the Senate Members of the president’s cabinet in the order in which their departments were created
Powers and Duties of the President - Appointments • Appoints Cabinet Officers, Ambassadors, Supreme Court Justices and Federal Judges • Must be confirmed by Senate
Powers and Duties of the President • Administers the Federal Bureaucracy 2.65 million+ employees
Powers and Duties of the President • The State of the Union Address
Madam Speaker, Vice President Cheney, members of Congress, distinguished guests, and fellow citizens: The rite of custom brings us together at a defining hour -- when decisions are hard and courage is needed. We enter the year 2007 with large endeavors underway, and others that are ours to begin. In all of this, much is asked of us. We must have the will to face difficult challenges and determined enemies -- and the wisdom to face them together. Some in this chamber are new to the House and the Senate -- and I congratulate the Democrat majority. Congress has changed, but not our responsibilities. Each of us is guided by our own convictions -- and to these we must stay faithful. Yet we're all held to the same standards, and called to serve the same good purposes: To extend this nation's prosperity; to spend the people's money wisely; to solve problems, not leave them to future generations; to guard America against all evil; and to keep faith with those we have sent forth to defend us… Our job is to make life better for our fellow Americans, and to help them to build a future of hope and opportunity -- and this is the business before us tonight.
This is a decent and honorable country -- and resilient, too. We've been through a lot together. We've met challenges and faced dangers, and we know that more lie ahead. Yet we can go forward with confidence -- because the State of our Union is strong, our cause in the world is right, and tonight that cause goes on. God bless. See you next year. Thank you for your prayers.
“Delegated” Powers in the Constitution Section 2. Clause 1: The President shall be Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the Militia of the several States, when called into the actual Service of the United States; he may require the Opinion, in writing, of the principal Officer in each of the executive Departments, upon any Subject relating to the Duties of their respective Offices, and he shall have Power to grant Reprieves and Pardons for Offences against the United States, except in Cases of Impeachment. Clause 2: He shall have Power, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, to make Treaties, provided two thirds of the Senators present concur; and he shall nominate, and by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, shall appoint Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, Judges of the supreme Court, and all other Officers of the United States, whose Appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by Law: but the Congress may by Law vest the Appointment of such inferior Officers, as they think proper, in the President alone, in the Courts of Law, or in the Heads of Departments. Clause 3: The President shall have Power to fill up all Vacancies that may happen during the Recess of the Senate, by granting Commissions which shall expire at the End of their next Session.
Commander and Chief Commands all of the armed forces
Commander in Chief • -Leader of the Armed Forces • Used to back up the nation’s foreign policy goals • -Duties • -Command Our Troops • Only President can order troops into battle • War Powers Resolution: President must notify Congress within 48 hours of battle • Troops sent home in 60 days without Congressional approval • -Picks Military Leaders Although the President is Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces, making him the highest-ranking officer of the U.S. Military, he must share his military powers with Congress.
Chief Legislator • Proposer of the legislative agenda • Recommends laws to Congress • Approves or Vetoes bills
Powers and Duties of the President • Approves and Vetoes Legislation
Legislative Leader • -Tries to get laws passed that benefit the nation as well as his Party – outlined in platform/State of the Union Address • -Economic leader in legislative role • Describes what programs he wants nation’s money spent on • -Uses Presidential Influence • --State of the Union Speech-- Speech given by the President each year to describe the situation of the nation and the speech is required by the Constitution • -Uses the media As the Legislative Leader, the President’s main goal is to get the laws that he and his political party want passed through Congress. The President also tries to influence the budget to get money for his programs and laws. He outlines these goals every year for Congress during his “State-of-the-Union” address.
Chief Financial Planner Head of the Executive Branch of U.S. Government Prepares the Budget Recommends laws to help the community
Powers and Duties of the President - Budget • Prepares annual budget for Congressional approval
Chief of State from the President Ceremonial head of the U.S. Government
Chief of State • -Is the symbolic leader of the nation • -Meets foreign leaders • -Make patriotic speeches and visits • 4th of July • Christmas • -mostly symbolic gestures The President made telephone calls to members of the Armed Forces who are stationed overseas, or who have recently returned from overseas locations, to wish them a Merry Christmas, and to thank them for their service to our Nation.
Powers and Duties of the PresidentChief Diplomat Treaty - a formal agreement between two or more states in reference to peace, alliance, commerce, or other international relations. • Negotiates Treaties October 26, 1994 Peace Treaty Signing: Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, President Bill Clinton, King Hussein of Jordan
Chief Diplomat President George W. Bush shows President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf of the Republic of Liberia the view of the White House South Lawn and the monuments beyond, following their meeting in the Oval Office. President Sirleaf is Africa’s first elected female head of state. • -Deals with Foreign Governments • -Duties • -Appoints Ambassadors w/Senate Approval • People who represent the U.S. in foreign nations • -Make Treaties w/Senate Approval • Formal agreements with other nations • -Act as Mediator between Nations • Solves problems between nations
Judicial Powers • Appoints federal Judges • Grants reprieves/Pardons
Chief of Party • leader of a political party • helps the party raise money • Campaigns for party members
Party Leader • -Is the Visible leader of his political party and Pursues policies favorable to his party goals • Platform, State-of-the-Union • -uses patronage system • the patronage system gives out gov’t positions to those people who gave support to the candidate and share their ideas • -gives endorsements in campaigns-- Process where famous or influential people give their support to someone who is seeking office • President endorses other members of his political party As the Party Leader, the President can use his political power and political fame to endorse other candidates from his political party. Here, President Bush endorses Elizabeth Dole for Republican Senator from North Carolina.
Chief Citizen • Representative of the American People
End of Course Question What is the President’s role when they help someone campaign for a Senate seat? a. Chief Executive b. Legislative Leader c. Head of State d. Party Leader
End of Course Question In what role is the President termed the “living symbol” of the nation? a. Chief of State b. Chief Executive c. Chief Diplomat d. Commander in Chief
End of Course Question A cabinet department head is appointed by the President but must be confirmed by which of the following? a. House of Representatives b. Senate c. House and the Senate d. Executive Office of the President (EOP)
EOC Question Which of the following cabinet departments was formed during President George W. Bush’s presidency, after the events of September 11, 2001? a. Department of Interior b. Department of Veterans Affairs c. Department of Education d. Department of Homeland Security
EOC Question Although the cabinet is not mentioned in the United States Constitution, it has become an important part of the Executive Office of the President (EOP) through which of the following that was established by George Washington? a. a law b. an amendment c. a custom d. a demand
End of Course Question How does a President fulfill the role of economic leader? a. by planning the federal budget b. by meeting with foreign leaders c. by negotiating treaties d. by leading the armed forces
End of Course Question Which of the following powers does the United States Constitution give the President? a. declaring war b. appointing judges c. declaring laws unconstitutional d. suspending Congress
End of Course Question Which of the following best describes a President’s order to attack terrorist bases? a. military force used as a foreign policy tool b. embargo against terrorists c. executive agreement d. presidential power to grant amnesty
End of Course Question Why has the role of Party Leader evolved throughout the years as a significant role of the President? a. as party leader the president can affect public opinion on his accomplishments b. as party leader he helps maintain his parties power c. as party leader he controls who gets elected from his party d. as party leader he has control over legislation
End of Course Question The United States Constitution gives the Vice President which of the following powers? a. control the President’s choices over the cabinet b. advice the House of Representatives on legislation c. be the Presidents chief of staff d. lead the Senate but only vote when there is a tie
End of Course Question The U.S. President must work with the Senate in order to ensure which of the following? a. taxes are paid and the federal budget is completed b. the Vice President and Cabinet members accomplish their goals c. treaties he creates with other nations are approved d. the armed forces complete their assignments and secure the nation
End of Course Question The roles of the Presidency of the United States are not all listed in the Constitution of the United States. Which role of the President is not named under Article II? a. Party Leader b. Commander in Chief c. Legislative Leader d. Chief Executive