Early and High Renaissance (1400-1550)
Vocabulary • Renaissance- The term renaissance means rebirth and is used to mark an era of broad cultural achievement as a result of renewed interest in the classical art and ideas of Ancient Greece and Rome. • Sfumato- Smokey effect created by Leonardo Da Vinci • Prespective: The illusion of depth or space in a painting or drawing • Focal point: the object or area of a work of art that the artist intentionally manipulates to catch your eye.
History Renaissance marks period of European history at the close of the Middle Ages and rise of Modern world. cultural rebirth from the 14th - middle of the 17th cent. Early Renaissance, mostly in Italy, bridges the art period during the fifteenth century, between Middle Ages and the High Renaissance in Italy. The main idea of rebirth belief that through the study of the intellectual and artistic treasures of the Greco-Roman antiquity, inspired by Humanism, can be reached the artistic greatness, wisdom and enlightenment The spiritual content of painting changed - subjects from Roman history and mythology were borrowed. Devotional art of Christian orientation became classically humanized. Classical artistic principles, including harmonious proportion, realistic expression, and rational postures were emulated. two regions of Western Europe were particularly active: Flanders and Italy.
Artist of the time • Ghiberti, Lorenzo (1378-1455) • Bronze Doors The Story of Joseph
Artist of the time • FilippoBrunelleschi (architect) 1377-1446 Dome in Florence • Interior architectural design
Artist of the Time • Donato di Niccolò di Betto Bardi • (circa 1386 – December 13, 1466) Michelangelo’s David • Sculpture of Mary Magdelena
Artist of the time • Leonardo Da Vinci April 15, 1452 – May 2, 1519: • Most diverse in careers • Mona Lisa • Last supper • Wrote backwards • Could draw a perfect circle freehand
Artist of the time • Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni (6 March 1475 – 18 February 1564) • Painted Sistine Chapel • was an ItalianRenaissance sculptor, painter, architect, poet, and engineer who exerted an unparalleled influence on the development of Western art.
Historical moments • Gutenberg invents movable type along with printing press (1447): • Turks conquer Constantinople (1453) • Columbus lands in New World (1492) • Martin Luther starts reformation (1517)
quiz 1. Who painted the Sistine Chapel? 2. What is the meaning of the word Renaissance? 3. True of false: Donatello was a sculpture 4. Multiple choice: Which artist created the Doors A) Brunelleschi B) Ghiberti
lesson • Do a master study under Leonardo Da Vinci’s sketchbook drawings • Materials • 9x12 paper • Pencil • Diluted acrylic • Brush • Papertowel