Chapter 7NATIONALISM AND ECONOMIC GROWTH Section 1: The Rise of Nationalism Section 2: The Challenges of Growth Section 3: The Rise of Jacksonian Democracy Section 4: Jackson’s Policies Define an Era
Section 1: The Rise of Nationalism Objectives: • How did the War of 1812 help increase nationalism in the United States? • What steps did U.S. officials take to try to prevent the conflict with Great Britain? • What led Spain to cede Florida to the United States? • How did the Monroe Doctrine reflect growing U.S. power?
Section 1: The Rise of Nationalism Increasing nationalism The War of 1812 increased nationalism because it confirmed the U.S.’s independence from Europe.
Section 1: The Rise of Nationalism Attempts to prevent conflict with Great Britain • the Rush-Bagot Agreement, which limited the number of British and American ships on the Great Lakes • the Convention of 1818, which settled border and fishing disputes
Section 1: The Rise of Nationalism Events preceding U.S. acquisition of Florida • revolts by American settlers in Spanish territory • revolts in Spain’s Central and South American colonies • conflicts with the Seminoles in Florida
Section 1: The Rise of Nationalism The Monroe Doctrine The Monroe Doctrine reflected growing U.S. power by establishing its sphere of influence.
Section 2: The Challenges of Growth Objectives: • What did the American System attempt to accomplish? • How did the Transportation and Market Revolutions affect the U.S. economy? • How did the Industrial Revolution change the way goods were made in the United States?
Section 2: The Challenges of Growth American System • proposed a national bank to provide sound currency and a source of loans • favored a tariff to encourage industrial development • favored a transportation system to link merchants and producers
Section 2: The Challenges of Growth Transportation Revolution • reduced the cost of shipping goods • increased development in the interior • created national markets
Section 2: The Challenges of Growth Market Revolution • increased regional specialization • increase in size of towns • increase in profits of farmers and manufacturers
Section 2: The Challenges of Growth Industrial Revolution • shift to machine production • encouraged new inventions and new businesses • enabled mass production
Section 3: The Rise of Jacksonian Democracy Objectives: • What role did the Missouri Compromise play in the dispute over slavery? • How did the election of 1824 give rise to charges of a “corrupt bargain,” and what characterized John Quincy Adams’s presidency? • How did Andrew Jackson’s election break with the politics of the past?
Section 3: The Rise of Jacksonian Democracy Missouri Compromise The Missouri Compromise addressed the issue of keeping a balance between slave states and free, and therefore brought the future of slavery itself into question.
Section 3: The Rise of Jacksonian Democracy The “corrupt bargain” • Adams made Clay secretary of state after Clay supported Adams for president. • Adams incurred widespread suspicion. • Suspicion combined with Adams’s personal unpopularity led to an unsuccessful presidency.
Section 3: The Rise of Jacksonian Democracy The election of Andrew Jackson • introduced the spoils system • included many common people in the celebration • began the appointment to government posts of workers from all social classes • expanded voting rolls
Section 4: Jackson’s Policies Define an Era Objectives: • Why did U.S. officials want to move eastern American Indians westward, and how did Indians resist removal? • What sparked the nullification crisis? • What political divisions arose over the National Bank? • How did the Whigs come to power in 1840?
Section 4: Jackson’s Policies Define an Era Moving eastern American Indians west • White Americans desired land. • There was anger at Indians for supporting the British in War of 1812. • Indians resisted violently, including in the Second Seminole War. • Cherokees fought for their rights in court.
Section 4: Jackson’s Policies Define an Era The Nullification Crisis • new tariff beneficial to North • same tariff detrimental to South; needed goods more expensive
Section 4: Jackson’s Policies Define an Era The National Bank • Jackson and Clay on opposite sides • Clay forces showdown • Jackson diverts funds to pet banks
Section 4: Jackson’s Policies Define an Era The Whigs come to power • capitalized on dispute over National Bank • Van Buren’s re-election bid hurt by inflation, depression, and bank failures