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Bramble Opportunities

Bramble Opportunities

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Bramble Opportunities

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  1. Bramble Opportunities

  2. Bramble industry in NC: • -100 acres 1996 • -150 acres 2002 (approx) • -90% blackberries • -Arkansas varieties

  3. Brambles are good for you…..

  4. Terminal market prices

  5. Market opportunities • PYO and pre-pick on farm • Restaurants • Grocery chains • Local markets • Processing • Specialty markets

  6. Brambles are “Specialty” Crops

  7. Value Added Potential

  8. Marketable yield (lbs/plant)

  9. Climatic requirements • Raspberries • Cool summers, sustained cold winter temperatures • Blackberries • High temperatures, tolerates fluctuating winter temperatures

  10. Cultivars • Select cultivar for local conditions and markets • Test new cultivars on limited basis to observe performance

  11. Raspberry varieties by region • Mountains and foothills • Reveille, Latham, Citadel, Mandarin, • Autumn Bliss, Cherokee, Summit, Red Wing, Heritage, Ruby, Nordic, Nova, Caroline, Josephine, Anne?? • Piedmont • Southland, Dormanred, Mandarin • Heritage, Caroline, Josephine, Anne?? • Coastal Plain • Dormanred

  12. Blackberry varieties by region • Mountains and foothills • Brazos, Cherokee, Cheyenne, Darrow, Navaho, • Apache, Ouachita and Chickasaw??? • Piedmont and Coastal Plain • all of the above and Arapaho, Apache, Black Satin, Boysenberry, Chester, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Comanche, Hull, Kiowa, Ouachita, Shawnee

  13. Inputs: • Plants • Irrigation equipment • Chemicals • Trellis • Pruning supplies • Picking containers • Labor

  14. Labor INTENSIVE • Planting • Pest and weed control • Pruning and training • Harvest

  15. Viruses!

  16. Planting stock • Plugs (from TC), handles, suckers, root cuttings, tips, transplants • Good quality,reputable source,disease free, true-to-type • “Certified” plants • Virus indexed, grown in conditions to limit virus infection, superior growth, derived from tissue culture plants • Place orders early • Fall or spring planting

  17. Nurseries selling brambles • http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/hil/smfruit-index.html • http://www.smallfruits.org/nurserycommdatabase.xls • http://www.aragriculture.org/commhort/fruits/Blackberries/licensedprop.asp

  18. For more information • Web sites • NCCES http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/hil/ • (blackberry and raspberry HIL’s) • http://web.vaes.vt.edu/VAES/Publications/vaesnumpubs.html • AG publications (NCCES) • Growing raspberries in North Carolina • Blackberry production in North Carolina (out of print, but on WWW)

  19. For more information • Grower organizations • North American Bramble Growers Association (www.nabga.com) • Other publications • Commercial Bramble Culture, Univ. Georgia (www.smallfruits.org) • Brambles - Production Management and Marketing Bulletin 782-99 Ohio State Univ. http://ohioline.osu.edu/b782/index.html • Bramble Production Guide NRAES, 152 Riley Robb Hall, Cooperative Extension, Ithaca, NY 14853 607-255-7654