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Making Work Zones Work Better. Effective Noise Control During Nighttime Construction. Cliff Schexnayder, Ph.D., PE Eminent Scholar Arizona State University and James Ernzen, Ph.D., PE Associate Professor Arizona State University. Domenick Biller, New Jersey DOT
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Making Work Zones Work Better Effective Noise Control During Nighttime Construction
Cliff Schexnayder, Ph.D., PE Eminent Scholar Arizona State University and James Ernzen, Ph.D., PE Associate Professor Arizona State University
Domenick Biller, New Jersey DOT J. Conrad, Washington DOT Steve DeWitt, North Carolina DOT William Dowd, FHWA Arthur Gruhn, Connecticut DOT Fred Hejl, TRB Crawford Jencks, TRB J. Smythe, Iowa DOT Erich Thalheimer, Central Artery/Tunnel Proj. Ron Williams, Arizona DOT
Construction Nuisances The goal is to minimize construction’s impact on abutting residents and businesses, while moving forward with the work on schedule and within budget.
SOURCE CONTROLS It is a cardinal rule that, where possible, noise control should occur at the source. • Require modern equipment Modern equipment has better engine insulation and mufflers.
SOURCE CONTROLS • Equipment Restrictions Require the use of • Manually adjustable or • Ambient-sensitive backup alarms.
SOURCE CONTROLS • Equipment Restrictions By specification direct the use of only solar powered traffic control devices.
SOURCE CONTROLS • Operate at minimum power A frequency reduction will assist in reducing perceived noise.
SOURCE CONTROLS • Use quieter alternate equipment Use electric or hydraulic powered equipment.
PATH CONTROLS The second line of attack is controlling noise radiation along its transmission path.
PATH CONTROLS • Enclose especially noisy activities or stationary equipment
PATH CONTROLS Grout plant enclosure for audio, visual and dust control.
PATH CONTROLS Note advertising space sold on the enclosure.
PATH CONTROLS • Erect noise barriers or curtains. Noise barriers are cost-effective when they provide perceptible noise reduction benefits to a relatively large number of receptors.
PATH CONTROLS • Erect noise barriers or curtains. A barrier must physically fit in the space available and completely break the line-of-sight between the noise source and the receptors.
PATH CONTROLS May be very temporary systems mounted on jersey bases for easy relocation.
PATH CONTROLS More permanent walls designed to last several years on long duration projects.
Any gaps should be completely sealed. PATH CONTROLS
PATH CONTROLS Another option for temporary noise barriers are acoustical curtains.
RECEPTOR CONTROLS When all other approaches to noise control fail a program of control at the receiver should be undertaken.
RECEPTOR CONTROLS • Window treatment program A receptor located very close to the noise generating activity.
RECEPTOR CONTROLS • Window treatment program • Criteria: • Resident with health condition • Hardship situation ( infant, house-bound person)
RECEPTOR CONTROLS • Window treatment program • Measures: • Interior glazed storm sash • Replace window with double pane glass • Sliding glass storm door
RECEPTOR CONTROLS • Window treatment program • Cost guidelines on CA/T project: • $800 per interior storm sash • $2,500 per window replacement • $5,000 total per resident
RECEPTOR CONTROLS • Temporary relocation • In very special cases temporary relocation may be necessary. • California - earthquake repair • One case I-15 project (medical) • Four apartments CA/T project
COMMUNITY RELATIONS Early communication with the public is vital
COMMUNITY RELATIONS Establishment of good rapport with the community can provide high benefits at low cost.
COMMUNITY RELATIONS • Inform the public of any potential construction noise impacts and measures that will be employed to reduce the impacts.
COMMUNITY RELATIONSINFORMATION • Identify the work activity and location. • Identify the work hours and the duration of the activity.
COMMUNITY RELATIONSINFORMATION • Explain what neighbors can expect, sounds, lights and equipment. A statement of concern about the nuisances and that every effort is being made to reduce impacts is important.
COMMUNITY RELATIONSINFORMATION “Whenever possible, crews will point lights away from homes and will also try to move heavy equipment so that back-up alarms are angled away from homes.”
COMMUNITY RELATIONSINFORMATION • Where to get more information • Noise complaint hotline number
COMMUNITY RELATIONSINFORMATION • Noise complaint hotline number
COMMUNITY RELATIONS • I-15 Hotline Calls
COMMUNITY RELATIONS • Establish and publicize a responsive complaint mechanism for the duration of the project.
NOISE MITIGATION COST CA/T Noise Program Estimate
NOISE MITIGATION COST COST This mitigation effort represents about 0.15% of project cost. What does project delay cost.