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CHANDIGARH THE CITY BEAUTIFUL
“ THE CITY BEAUTIFUL ” • Chandigarh is the best-planned city in India, with architecture which is world-renowned, and a quality of life, which is unparalleled. As the capital of the states of Punjab and Haryana, and the Union Territory of Chandigarh it is a prestigious city. The face of modern India, Chandigarh, is the manifestation of a dream that Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru envisaged and Le Corbusier executed. • Serenity and a city are two diametrically opposite concepts, which however, get belied in the 'City Beautiful'. It is here that the trees and plants are as much a part of the construction plans as the buildings and the roads. India’s first planned city, is a rich, prosperous, green city rightly called “THE CITY BEAUTIFUL”.
THE ARCHITECTURE Chandigarh is one of the most significant urban planning experiments of the 20th century. It is the only one of the numerous urban planning schemes of Le Corbusier, the famous French architect-planner, to have actually been executed. Le Corbusier summed up his work on the city in an "edict", a few points summarized here: • The city of Chandigarh is planned to human scale. Here the radiance of nature and heart are within our reach. • This city is composed of sectors. Each sector is 800 meters by 1,200 meters, enclosed by roads allocated to fast mechanized transport and sealed to direct access from the houses. • The central plaza in Sector 17 was designed by Le Corbusier as "Pedestrian's Paradise". No vehicular traffic will be permitted in the plaza. • No personal statues shall be erected in the city or parks of Chandigarh. The city is planned to breathe the new sublimated spirit of art.
LE CORBUSIER CENTRE • The Le Corbusier Centre was set up on October 6, 2008 on the occasion of the 121st birth centenary of Le Corbusier, to commemorate and preserve the work and legacy of Le Corbusier with specific reference to the modern architectural Heritage of Chandigarh. • The Centre displays and exhibits the life and works of Le Corbusier, so that tourists and future generations may be able to acquaint themselves with the rich cultural heritage of the city. Le Corbusier Centre comprises of four sections: 1. Museum & display gallery, 2. Research, publication, archival and digital library, 3. Administration and 4. Souvenir Shop.
CAPITOL COMPLEX • The Capitol Complex is Le Corbusier’s most spectacular work. The magnificent edifices, set against the Shivalik peaks, stand “as massive concrete sculptures, representing the monumental character authority that the complex represents. It is the seat of the government of the States of Punjab and Haryana. It comprises three epoch-making master-pieces: the Secretariat, the High Court and the Legislative Assembly. Separated by large piazzas, the subtle and most evocative grouping of these buildings is of breath-taking beauty. • And in the centre stands the giant metallic sculpture of The Open Hand, the official emblem of Chandigarh, signifying the city’s credo of ‘open to give’, ‘open to receive’.
PINJORE GARDEN • Pinjore Gardens (also known as Pinjor Gardens or Yadavindra Gardens) is located in Pinjore, Panchkula district in the Indian state of Haryana. It is an example of the Mughal Gardens style, and was built by Patiala Dynasty Rulers. • The garden has been laid in seven terraces with the main gate of the garden opening into the highest first terrace which has a palace built in Rajasthani–Mughal style. It is called the “Shish Mahal” (palace of glass), which is adjoined by a romantic "HawaMahal" (airy Palace). The second terrace with arched doorways has the "Rang Mahal" (painted palace). The third terrace has cypress trees and flowerbeds leading to dense groves of fruit trees. The next terrace has the "JalMahal" (palace of water) with a square fountain bed and a platform to relax. Fountains and tree groves are provided in the next terrace. The lowermost terrace has an open-air theatre, which is designed as a disc-like structure.
ROCK GARDEN • Chandigarh has the distinction of having a unique world acclaimed Rock Garden. It consist of art object, fashioned from industrial and urban waste. It nestles amidst 20acres of woods in the form of an open air exhibition hall, theatre trove and a miniature maze all rolled into one vast fantasy land of art and landscape. It is without doubt, a tourist spot that is a must on the itinerary of visitor to Chandigarh. • The layout of the garden is based on the fantasy of a lost kingdom. The moment one enters the garden, the small entrance doors which make the head bow, not only creates an ambience of royal, but also impart humbleness. One has to pass through a verity of doorways, archways, vestibules, streets and lanes of different scales and dimensions, each one opening into a new array of display or courtyards and chambers lending an air of suspense and curiosity at every corner, at every turn.
ROSE GARDEN • ZakirHussain Rose Garden Asia's largest Rose Garden and is spread over 30 acres of land having over 1600 different species or roses. These have been planted beautifully carved out lawns and flowers beds. Every year, either at the end of February or beginning of March, a big festival known as Rose Festival, is celebrated at this garden. There are lots of competitions, cultural celebrations and many other events. It is indeed a beautiful and a pleasant place to visit.
LEISURE VALLEY • A continuum of various theme gardens to take care of the body and spirit of the city. Le Corbusier retained the eroded valley of a seasonal rivulet on the original site of the City and sculptured it into a Linear park now over 8km long .It starts from Sector 1 in the north and leaves Chandigarh at its southern most edge in sector 53. • RAJENDRA PARK, Sector 1 - The Leisure Valley starts from the Rajendra Park. The park is a vast stretch of land of about 400 acres abutting the Secretariat building on its eastern side. Le Corbusier himself designed the landscape scheme of this park .Trees with round canopies and evergreen foliage have been planted here.
LEISURE VALLEY • FITNESS TRAILS, Sector 10 - The Physical Fitness Trails have been developed with a view to enjoying physical exercises amidst the beauty of Nature. It is an ideal place for long walks and physical workouts. • BOTANICAL GARDEN, Sector 14 - There are two Botanical Gardens in the city – one between Rock Garden and lake and the other in Punjab University. Another Botanical Garden is being developed to about 110 acres of land in Sarangpur.
SUKHNA LAKE • Sukhna Lake is an artificial lake at the foothills of the Himalayas, the Shivalik Hills. This 3 km² rain fed lake was created in 1958 by damming the SukhnaChoe, a seasonal stream coming down from the Shivalik Hills. The creation of the lake was one of the greatest gifts from Le Corbusier and the Chief Engineer P L Verma to the city of Chandigarh. To preserve its tranquility Corbusier insisted that it be forbidden to motor boats and the top of the dam (promenade) prohibited to vehicular traffic. The lake is fringed by a golf course to the south, and Nek Chand’s famous Rock Garden of Chandigarh to its west. Sukhna is a sanctuary for many exotic migratory birds like the Siberian duck, Storks and Cranes, during the winter months.
FORESTS • Kansal & Nepli : Chandigarh has 3245 hectares under forest and most of it is hilly. The forest areas are mostly around Sukhna Lake, SukhnaChoe and Patiala kiRao. Near village Kansal on the outskirts of Chandigarh towards the hills is a reserve forest. At a short distance from Kansal forest is located another reserve forest known as Nepli. Nepli is a bit more wild than Kansal. • Forest Trek : There are excellent places for trekking in the hills near Chandigarh. Most of these routes are in Himachal Pradesh and Haryana. Some of the prominent trekking routes are : Kalka to Kasauli ( 15km)Jabali to Kasauli (6 km)Morni to Tikar Tal (7km)Morni to Ghagar River (4km)Kasauli to Sabathu (13km)
CHHATBIR ZOO Also known as the MahendraChaudhary Zoological Park, Chhatbir zoo, the distinguished zoological garden is located at a distance of 17 km from Chandigarh and 55 km from Patiala. The zoo sprawls across an expanse of 202 acres against a stunning green backdrop. The main attraction of the Chhatbir zoo Chandigarh is the Royal Bengal Tiger, which has developed into the perfect point of interest for visiting the zoo. Visitors are taken in a caged motor vehicle to the tiger’s refuge to savor its attractions. While traveling inside the tiger’s refuge, the visitors can enjoy close ups of this magnificent animal.
KAUSANI HILL STATION • One of the most beautiful hill resorts near Nainital, Kausani is one of the most scenic places which is every tourist's dream destination. Far away from the fast paced life of the scorched plains, Kausani is the idyllic retreat for all you nature lovers, who wish to spend a few days in the lap of nature. • Nestled in the Kumaoun Himalayas, Kausani in Uttaranchal is the nearest hill station to Chandigarh. Located at a height of 1890 meters above the sea level, Kausani is surrounded by lush acres of greenery and dense woodlands. • During 1929, Mahatma Gandhi spent a few days in Kausani and to commemorate his memory, the Gandhi Ashram has been built here.
BAISAKHI FESTIVAL • Baisakhi festival has a lot of significance for people of Punjab. It marks the beginning of harvest season. It also celebrates the founding of Khalsapanth. According to the solar calendar, this festivity of merriment falls on the first day of the Year, which is usually 14th April. Baisakhi festival in Chandigarh, India is celebrated with lot of excitement and cheerfulness. Men and women dress up in the best of their clothing and visit temples and Gurudwaras to offer prayers. Special food is prepared at home. Folk dances are performed. Chandigarh Baisakhi festival celebration takes place with great pomp and show.
CHANDIGARH CARNIVAL • Chandigarh carnival is a three day long mega event that is held every year in the month of November. It is usually hosted at the Leisure valley in Sector 10. It is organized by the Chandigarh administration to promote creativity and talent of the citizens of Chandigarh and adjoining places. Carnival of Chandigarh is celebrated with fun and frolic. It provides a platform, especially to children and senior citizens, to come forward and exhibit their talent. It gives a boost to talented people. Various competitions are conducted for senior citizens like painting and clay modeling etc. Pick and drop facilities are provided to senior citizens, so that they do not have to face any kind of inconvenience. This event definitely deserves a mention, when the talk is about the popular fairs and festivals of Chandigarh.
MANGO FESTIVAL • The name mango festival is suggestive of the fact that it is a festivity of mangoes. Mango festival in Chandigarh is celebrated with splendid grandeur. It gives a platform to all mango growers of our country to display their varieties. Also, the agricultural universities participate and exhibit the latest hybrids of this fruit. Chandigarh mango festival takes place in the month of June & Pinjore garden usually serves as the venue. This festivity cum fair gives a fabulous opportunity to the food industries that process mango into jams, pickles and canned fruit, to showcase their products. This fair is drawing more and more crowds every year.
TRADITIONAL FOODS • Bread & Flour PreparationsThere are also a variety of bread and flour preparations consumed in Chandigarh. Some of them are Naan, TandooriRoti, Kulcha, LachhaParatha, Phulka or Chapatti, AlooParatha, MooliParatha, Poori, and Bhatoora. • Sweet DishesSeveral sweet items are made by the people of Chandigarh, to titillate the taste buds. The most popular and distinctive among them is Roh Di Kheer, prepared by cooking rice in sugarcane juice. Some other popular desserts of the area are baalushahi, jalebi and malpua. Don’t forget to taste all of them while touring Chandigarh.
THINGS TO BUY • Phulkari -Phulkari, a type of craft that involves simple embroidery works with great finishing touch is very popular in Chandigarh. Many showrooms and emporiums lined up in this city sells a wide range of phulkari products ranging from cushion covers, handkerchiefs, textiles, shawls, dupattas, carpets, furniture, etc. The best place to buy traditional phulkari items is from Phulkari Punjab Government Emporium that is nestled in Sector 17. • PunjbaiDupattas - Punjabi dupatta, a kind of long scarf that every girl of Chandigarh proudly wears and flaunts in style is the cynosure for all women tourists. Every shop in Chandigarh is filled with heaps of colorful duppatas that can be purchased by shelling out a reasonable amount of money. A particular shop called Sparsh Collections is the best place to step in to take a look at the stoles, duppatas and Punjabi designer suits.
HOW TO REACH • By Air : The airport is 11 km from downtown. Taxis are available for Airport transfer. Indian Airlines, Jet Airways and Air Deccan connects Chandigarh with New Delhi the National Capital. • By Rail : Chandigarh is linked with New Delhi, the National Capital by Rail. The Chandigarh Railway Station is 8 Kms from the city centre in Sector 17. The twice daily Shatabdi, Jan Shatabdi and Himalayan Queen connects New Delhi and Chandigarh. Paschim Express connects the city to Mumbai, Sadbhavna to Lucknow, Kerala SamparkKranti to Kerala and Chennai Express to Chennai. • By Road : Chandigarh is well connected by road and buses provide an important transport link. There are services from various states such as- Haryana, Punjab, Himachal, and Delhi. It is a gateway to Himachal Pradesh as one can reach hill stations like Kasauli, Chail, Shimla etc within in a few hours drive.You can Easily book your taxi like chandigarhtodelhitaxiservice.com
Where To Stay Deep Roots Retreat Farm House The Deep Roots Retreat is a well-appointed and secluded working farm set amidst the Punjab Countryside, just 26 km away from Chandigarh. Nestled amidst, 25 acres of farmland with a fair measure of Mango and Guava trees, the retreat offers an environment so tranquil and serene that staying here will be a rejuvenating break for you. The mango orchard is home to the peacocks, their enchanting calls adds to the ambiance. Our Tours provide you a glimpse of the history of Punjab and take you back to an era when brave, honest and pious men built the territory which we now call the Punjab. Click here to know more…
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