ECD Group The World Bank November 8, 2007
Outline of Presentation • Status of ECD Services in Turkey • ACEV’s alternative ECD models • From field work to advocacy: the “7 is Too Late” Campaign
The Turkish Context * Source: CIA Factbook and WDI
Turkey’s preschool enrollment rates remain low Early Childhood Programs
Enrollment Rates in Preschool (%) (3-6 yrs) Country % France 100 Belgium 100 Italy 100 Estonia 100 Czech Republic 100 Germany 97 Denmark 91 Country % Mexico 84 Latvia 79 Bulgaria 78 Greece 66 Georgia 49 Jordan 30 Indonesia 22 Turkey 16 Egypt 14 Source: UNESCO Statistics
Status of early childhood education services in Turkey • Low public spending: Public spending on early childhood education constitutes 1% of the budget of the Ministry of Education and only 1/1000 of the total government budget as of 2005. In Turkey, basic education gets the largest portion of the education budget. • Regional Disparities in Supply: Preschools are located in big cities and in the western parts of the country, making it difficult for people living in remote or rural areas to access these services. • Unaffordable Services: Most preschools are private and charge fees that are not affordable to the poor. Expensive access to center-based preschool education makes it difficult for the poor to access preschool education services.
Our Mission The Mother Child Education Foundation (AÇEV) is a Turkish NGO founded in 1993 with a focus on early childhood education and family literacy programs. ACEV programs aim to provide equal opportunity in education to all by targeting preschool children and their families in disadvantaged communities. Since 1993, AÇEV: has been working towards providing equal opportunity in education for all; upholding the view that learning is a lifelong process that must begin in early childhood; supporting the child as well as his/her immediate caregivers and environment.
AÇEV’s Programmatic Approach Beneficiary Needs Advocacy Program Development Policy Development Research Program Implementation Program Evaluation Partnerships
Intervention Methods of AÇEV Educational Programs via TV Publications and Web-Based Resources
Mother Child Education Program Target Group A home-based, low cost, preschool program, targeting socio-economically disadvantaged mothers of 6 year olds. Aim Developed to empower mothers by supporting them in their parenting roles and equipping them with the knowledge and tools necessary for fostering the cognitive development of their children. Duration 25 weeks, 2 hours a week
Mother Support Program Target Group mothers of 3-9 year olds Aim Developed to empower mothers by supporting them in their parenting roles, strenghtening their communication with their children Duration 13 weeks, 2 hours a week
Father Support Program Target Group Fathers of 2-10 year olds Aim to encourage and support fathers to take a more positive and active role in their child's development. Specific focus is placed on raising awareness about child-rearing, child development, parenting, communication within the family and health issues pertaining to this age group. Duration 13 weeks, 2 hours a week
Preschool Parent Child Education Program Target Group children attending state run preschools and their parents Aim Developed to empower parents by supporting them in their parenting roles and equipping teachers and parents with the knowledge and tools necessary for fostering the cognitive development of children. Also strenghtening family school cooperation. Duration 28 weeks for children 8 meetings for parent/ one meeting per month
Summer Schools for Children in Southeastern Turkey Target Group high risk 6 years old children who are in low socio economic situation Aim Summer program for 6 year olds which aims to prepare children for school cognitively, linguistically and socially. It runs concurrently with a mother support program. Duration 10 weeks
Women’s Empowerment and Literacy Program Target Group illiterate women Aim A program which aims to impart basic literacy skills to illiterate women in society and to aid them in developing functional literacy skills in a relatively short period of time. The program specifically focuses on motivating the participants to use literacy skills in their daily lives. Duration 3 months / 3 days a week
Research and Program Evaluations • An Evaluation of the Functional Adult Literacy Program (1997) • An Evaluation of the Mother Child Education Program—(A Fair Chance) (1998) • Adult Literacy: Issues of Personal and Community Development (2000) • Functional Literacy, Television News and Social Participation: Linkages Between Mass Media and Empowerment of Women (2000) • An Evaluation of the Preschool Parent Child Program’s Anatolian Pilot Implementation Project (2000-2001) • Need Assessment in Early Childhood Education and An Evaluation of Children’s Level of Linguistic Competence in Three Provinces of Turkey (2002) • An Evaluation of the Effects of TV Program Entitled ‘Will You Play With Me?’ (2003) • Continuing Effects of Early Intervantion in Adult Life (2004) • A Cost Benefit Analysis of Preschool Education in Turkey (2004)
Mother Child Education Program Results in Turkey A number of quantitative evaluations have beencarried out of the Mother Child Education Program in Turkey. These studies show that as a result of the program: Bekman, S. (1998) A Fair Chance: An Evaluation of the Mother-Child Education Program
Father Support Program Results in Turkey Source: Kocak, A. (2004) Evaluation Report Of The Father Support Program
Women’s Empowerment Program Results in Turkey Note: The responses come from the same participant before and after the program. Source: Durgunoglu and Oney “An Evaluation of the Functional Adult Literacy Program in South-Eastern Turkey”, June 2003
The “7 is Too Late” Advocacy Campaign • Despite a number of limited statements recognising the importance of ECE, the Turkish government was not prioritising the issue. • Starting in 2005, AÇEV tried to facilitate dialogue between civil society and the government for the reform of the education sector and launch new early childhood education programs in Turkey. • “7 is Too Late” is a campaign launched by AÇEV in partnership with 6 other leading NGOs to: • increase public awareness on early childhood education • influence a change in education policy and make early childhood education universal in Turkey. • .
Thank you Please visit our website for more information on our programs: www.acev.org