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The General Rules of Perspective. The Illusion of Depth. The General Rules of Perspective. Knowing and using the General Rules of Perspective is another “drawing trick” to help you show depth on a 2-D surface.

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## The General Rules of Perspective

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**TheGeneral Rulesof Perspective**The Illusion of Depth**The General Rules of Perspective**• Knowing and using the General Rules of Perspective is another “drawing trick” to help you show depth on a 2-D surface. • Use these “rules” to make your drawings of still-life and landscapes more realistic.**The Picture Plane**• Background – appears furthest • Middle ground – in the middle • Foreground – appears closest**The General Rules of Perspective**Rule 1: overlapping objects • Objects must be opaque • One object appears closer than the other**The General Rules of Perspective**Rule 2: Relative Size • Larger objects tend to appear closer than smaller objects**The General Rules of Perspective**Rule 3: Placement objects higher on the page are farther back – objects lower on the page are “closer”**The General Rules of Perspective**Rule 4: Colour • Brightly coloured objects appear closer than duller coloured objects**The General Rules of Perspective**Rule 5: Detail Clear, sharp edged, visible details make an object appear closer than objects with hazy outlines**Rule 6: Aerial (or Atmospheric) Perspective**First investigated by Leonardo DaVinci Creating a sense of depth in painting by imitating the way the atmosphere makes distant objects appear less distinct and more bluish than they would be if nearby. The General Rules of Perspective**The General Rules of Perspective**• Rule 7: Linear PerspectiveParallel lines appear to converge in the distance • The point on the horizon where they meet is called the vanishing point**Re-cap:TheGeneral Rulesof Perspective**1. overlapping objects 2. relative size: larger objects appear closer than smaller objects 3. object placement in the picture plane: objects higher on the page are farther back – objects lower on the page are closer 4. Colour: brightly colour objects appear closer than dull coloured objects 5. Detail: Clear, sharp edged, visible details make an object appear closer than objects with hazy outlines 6. Aerial Perspective: distant objects appear less distinct and more bluish than they would be if nearby. 7. Linear PerspectiveParallel lines appear to converge in the distance

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