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Science - All About Animals 2

Science - All About Animals 2

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Science - All About Animals 2

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  1. Science - All About Animals 2 ANIMAL ) I. '-, BASED ONTHE SCIENCE %LlABUS (PRlMARYSCl'K)OL). M| NTRYOF EDUCATT SINGAPORE -' DIVERSITY OF LIVING AND NON‘LlVING THINGS ‘ I

  2. Produced b :33 ' Yang Ao wg |4angaoW¢I@ovrI00k. com

  3. WHAT'S INSIDE 1. 8. 6. Insects - Ahuutlnsects - Characteristics - Types - Wingedlnsects - Vlingiesslnsects - Auuaticlnsects BASED ON THE SCIENCE FILLABUS (PRIll. ARYSCI'l)OI. )~ MINTRYOF EDUC. AT| % SINGAPOE — DIVERSII‘! OF LIVING AND N}‘LIVWG THINGS Mammals About Type: Reptiles About Type: Mammals characteristics land Mammals Aquatic Mammals Reptiles Characteristics crocodilians Turttes 8. Tortoises Snakes Lizards

  4. — _‘¢A-o-. . - -__*AAA. ..- ‘AAA. ..’ ‘---. ..

  5. ABIIUT INSECTS

  6. A Insects are the largest group in the animal kingdom and there ' — A are ahoutl million (but could be much more) living species. 132,» *7‘ They are divided into 29 groups or orders. I » ' I ; I. ’ 4 ‘I ‘ ~ 4'] ’/ 1 ‘E; ,. ‘ . y ‘ -. A ' a V I I I » _ ‘ I > 5 L’ _ ‘I V . F ‘ ~ ABOUT INSECTS , . “SW5

  7. Beetle, the largest group, contains more than 310,000 species. vs I- V In vs Z I- 3 O Q 4

  8. Beetles, the largest group, contains more than 370,000 species. Following that is the butterfly, with 150,000 species. vs I- V In vs 5 I- 3 O M 4

  9. Insects do not have backbones and belong to a group of invertebrates known as ARTHROPO0S, along with arachnids, myriapods, molluscus, and crustaceans. E -~, I “A -A 4 ‘ at ' ‘ / / } “. -, _ l V, ‘ I‘ d I: I” I I VI. » has TV . V “-"V ' "“ I. »-‘O ‘V , ‘_| I 1 “I, X” A ‘I lo _> . -"6. / L I - I lr’ ‘ ‘. . ~ 3 I: 3‘, I, ‘ 3‘ ‘V S "3: L ' . I. V . _ ‘ _ I . i ' > "5 ‘ “, ~I / ’ I F A . ’/1"’; . "". ::3'a-'”". . : .--a-. ‘ 7 ' ‘ ‘ "“ I ‘ ' gkx, . P. . " "” , b“ '«:7——_-:7‘-I“ >__~. ‘_-, _‘ - c. - _. v - . > . ... I W‘, N‘ 40 »r»‘~. "“ T‘; -')’ "~ " 3‘ ‘ ' ""“"‘/ -'»- $5 I . ta. ’ I . , , .,, ,9». . . -q .3‘. ~s5Q-‘.9: ~-I - &IRéS@I}'I]lR‘I[l@§ A5ST? IR[IA| }>@@§ ZI¥S@[Lfl. QD§@QD§ @| RQD§‘FA@lEAlI‘‘I§

  10. ,‘ l 1 I 0 ~‘l An insect has an exeskeleton, a 3-part body, 3 pairs I of legs, and a pair of antennae (or feelers). " _ -8 —-< f. . I . -2 _J'‘‘ ' ‘—f1~'“-1 . «"3 | l‘. 1 .

  11. vs I- U in vs Z I- D O M 4 They undergo either an incomplete (3-stage) or a complete (4-stage) metamorphosis. metarmrlnsis : (in an insector amphibian) tie prurzss oi transformirg fmm an immature form to an adult form in tin or more oistinctstqes

  12. For those which undergo a complete (4-stage) metamorphosis, the larvae look completely different from their parents. @ : the active immature form of an imectesyncially one that differs greatlylmmtle adult and fonnstle stqe lntreenegg and pupa In I- V , . In vs z . I‘ 4.. I : I. 5 - In - - : 0 uowmnmv _ ,6, , ,_ _- ‘ g &)) C ‘‘_. :I'; ‘ ‘I: .1, ‘. K’‘‘ i ’ O ‘(O . ' 3' . c. - . . J‘ ‘V. . '5‘ '1' ‘I . " 0 ", .x , -‘ 0. . _ . . ‘ oowaneew ((A@QDIl. fi§)

  13. .1.‘ ‘ . ‘ And for those that undergo an incomplete (3-stage) metamorphosis, the larvae (usually known as nymphs) lookjustlilte the smaller version of their parents. @alRA§§lHl©ElR omvmizveuo / . V @RA§§E1 ((A| DQDlL‘Ei’in

  14. ABOUT INSECTS It is elid that the largest insect is the White Witch moth, having a wingspan of about 28cm. » ‘ 2’ A e

  15. AB; o;u1f rpesews The longestinfisect is the stick-insect, which is known to be over 36 cm.

  16. ABOUT INSECTS The smallest insect is the fairyfly, which has a bwrgth ofiust about 0.13 to 0.5 mm.

  17. CHARACTERISTICS CF INSECTS

  18. Have Exoskeleton Have 3-Part Body »-O ‘V '. ‘I : _. A I , K . Have 3 Pair Of Legs Have A Pair of Antennae

  19. i@fl@@@zrn Insects do not have bones‘) an sletons. The exoskeleton is the hard uter coing that maes up their skeleton. SPECIAL CHARACTERISTICS

  20. All insects have a 3-part body consisting of the: ABDOMEN v ‘_’ I- 2 K HI I- U 4 Z 4 I U . | 3 V In Q- vs 33cvtE>: e@ @@Tly

  21. '_: l_Hj+"fl_r -' . T @ mega 'TI'l}{]©lRA$3 They always have 3 pairs of jointed legs which are all attached to the thorax (middle part) of the body.

  22. SPECIAL CHARACTERISTICS .1» . l 4 ' 'a'. :' . A - . .. -' , :y, .gv . . at 3:, » *—. .V* . ,.-y, -. -. r - Theyhave a pair of antennae (or feelers) attached to their head. The antennae are their main sense organs which they use to feel, smell, hear and communicate.

  23. TYPES CF INSECTS

  24. Wmged Insects T-. ‘if’ '0 - —’T. '.~ ,7 ,4 / /, . V ' p I'. ..{ TYPES OF INSECTS: Wingless Insects Aquatic Insects

  25. Majority of the insects in the world are winged insects. V I- )- $' Ill- ‘if V‘ ",5 3 3 3. 3 >- I-

  26. ~-»; -_. - *1: pry-. -a3 WINGED INSECTS Among them, most have 2 pairs of wings while only a small number (belonging to a group called DIPTERA), have onlyl pair. Below are some examples of Diptera:

  27. TYPES UF INSECTS . . '1 . ‘ _-, . ' n . 7. - I , . , _. _ 1 ’ '. — 7‘: . K K‘. x ; H ’ as T rearea leeolinginseetsthatare ‘r -g r V‘/ w’)«2 . -. '-4‘ ‘ml “ 7 best known for producing ‘X. "§T"/ ;,. ”/ J 4;’ [3 honey (a sweet food). / ‘(”~“"«o/ .' ‘“‘$~«-"- 3 '“. ”—T*. *'; ' 1 . - » §a; /’ species of these llower- / f«, , we . u I. l l l a / 7/ .[: '/ .-"9“'_, /3.~'? t; X/A/ .}4/‘_,4.

  28. TYPES OF INSECTS . }y Bees are also known for their role in the / ' B . . . / »/4,2‘. pollination of plants, which enables / I them to fertilize and reproduce. .', -f I : __ ‘ ygmrztlepromsslrywhichynlbnistranslerredlrom i: E ‘I 1 I tleantber(malepart)totlestgma(lemaIepart)olalhwer.

  29. TYPES OF INSECTS . '-'. LL“. '.'. ‘H. ' LL*‘. l;Ll‘. ’T. ":' They are stinging insects and therefore keenly avoided by many people because a bee sting can be quite painful! I’ ‘ I I . . I g I I : BEE ’

  30. TYPES GE INSECTS u_-w:13.: on Houseflies belong to a family of flies known as Muscidae, which contains about 4,000 species. They are the most common among _ r all household flies. _

  31. .4 2, , --—- V‘ v '1 " @t. ';J@o, £smA lam-n= r:gooas 5 “. I- V H G E 9| " - 3 ' E 3 é$[R‘1‘L—r‘[K]| }3A§X§ @&QD§U}€l@ A@'iFlERllé$ vs I- U Ill vs Z IL 0 vs III Q. )' I- . I These pest are also known as “filthy flies” as they carry bacteria that cause diseases like typhoid fever, cholera and anthrax.

  32. TYPES GE INSECTS . '-'. l. L“. l:H. ' L| .*‘. hL“. ’T. ";' 0ne adult fly can carry overl million bacteria, which it usually picks up on its hairy legs and then transmits them by contaminatingthe food that we eat. transmg : causes somethirg to passive lmm one thirg to amtlser T. g. - contaminatlmmlrirgsonsethirgimpureordirty ‘ ‘E " ' , _

  33. Ebzcezyi g Meomxfiisgg There are over 2,300 species of mantises 3 worldwide. % I- vi 1 V‘ . Zr 1 O % HI H. )- I-

  34. '-»; -_. - ’I: ly. v-. -33. WINCED INSECTS These fierce insects are predatory and eat other small insects.

  35. ‘I! ;_| _.*-. ".'; ;1 “ WINCED INSECTS "‘vI: -.- These fierce insects are predatory and eat other small insects. Larger species have been known to prey on other animalslike scorpions, lizards, frogs and even birds. l gg‘gl:2ll'| ll, -.7ll| llilTtllllnlflilllllillllll

  36. WINCED INSECTS TYPES OF INSECTS L ' :1’! J Praying mantises are popularly us I eilby many flow ; un er and vegetable ‘ ' gardeners as a natural pest controller in their gardens. _4J! ' "'0 ‘I’

  37. INIGED IN. $E¢_TS' Garden pes s like aphids and grasshoppers often feed on and destroy the plants grown in gardens. When praying mantises are TYPES OF INSECTS put into the gardens, they start eating up all these pests.

  38. WINCED INSECTS More examples of winged insects: 9); ‘ “ N‘ _, _g . . B X , /‘A/ f lLA@»? ?QJJ@ . ‘~ I §&[R‘llDlFl1R? . . l‘r @@@[RlR@A@l}l] 1’: - ; - - .27‘ . ' I . I’ ,1’ @lR&@: ©lR‘llFfl, ’??

  39. Winged Insects , ,.. ;_. ,. -'~ . . . I .2 I-7 "V ' . ' I --s '. / h L: Wingless IIIseCts Aquatic Insects

  40. TYPES GE INSECTS WINGLESS INSECTS Wingless insects undergo little or even no metamorphosis.

  41. k. . As they cannot fly, most have developed the 4 ability to crawl extremely fast so that they ; can escape from their predators. E V -5.. I- _Z 33 -I §Z *3 I-

  42. TYPES GE INSECTS WINCLESS INSECTS 400 species of these little insects exist in our world.

  43. ‘I! lyx-. -33 I. ‘ . :.v l~-_.1: ‘ The silverfish body is elongated and flattened, and often covered in scales that give them a silver-gray color.

  44. .42‘: . D~A. M.A. (4E$ ON A Bf@l@lI. '( 6.AIl'J}S1EiD Bl-Y SIl.7-'/ ‘EII‘. IlF; |lSf| ‘.'I ~. :'»: —v—-— 4~—~r ; v—-—_——‘v-7 ‘I. TYPES GE INSECTS wmcuss INSECTS . . ‘-752 ; . f. ’’’Silverfish are common household pests, feeding on starchy i‘ materials such as wallpaper, books, or starched clothing.

  45. vs I- V In vs E vs vs In -I V Z 3 Filceax There are over 2,000 species of these common bloodsucking pgrorganisnis that liveon orin amtlserorganism (the lost), in avaythat visually harmllielnst vs I- V In vs E II. 0 vs III H. )' I-

  46. ‘I: l_| _.*-. '~}_: : ‘'7. "#3 Though there are several species of fleas that can infest your home, by farthe most common species found (on cats or dogs) is the Bat Flea.

  47. I2 V‘: '''''v “at Z; 3% .32 *3 I- . __> ‘ ‘ _‘-r‘. '§'_' - V ‘- . . _ L‘ 1 _ A x I (‘Hag They prefer blood from your pet, but in the absence I of a cat or dog as host, fleas will bite people. i‘i ‘ ¢‘ _ ll .

  48. TYPES UF INSECTS WINGLESS INSECTS 1’ Bed bugs or bed lice A and appear reddish-brown when engorged with blood. Llflfalicausedmswellwhhhholhraoerorawlluid ' ' ‘ . l M 5- — . *5 are oval and flat, brown in colour

  49. TYPES 0F INSECTS WINGLESS INSECTS . " ; =‘ ‘ . ; - r. 4/ . .'—. /i ’ "‘ ’ Q. . - . ,' "‘- -jz. They like to hide in the day and come out at night in search of blood - from humans and other mammals.

  50. vs I" V In vs Z an 0 v u A )' I- . ‘ ' "*2 / .="‘ '. T. ’‘; ‘h _ . These nuisances usually hide in mattresses, carpets, hehind peeling paint or wallpaper, and in crevices in wooden furniture (like in the cracks of the wooden headhoard of a bed).