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Is Your Website Accessible?

Is Your Website Accessible? . Stephanie M. Brown School of Health, Physical Education, and Recreation Indiana University. Session Outline. What is web accessibility? Web accessibility guidelines Evaluating your own website Resources. Web Accessibility - What it is.

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Is Your Website Accessible?

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  1. Is Your Website Accessible? Stephanie M. Brown School of Health, Physical Education, and Recreation Indiana University

  2. Session Outline • What is web accessibility? • Web accessibility guidelines • Evaluating your own website • Resources

  3. Web Accessibility - What it is • Everyone, regardless of ability, can use the web • Navigate • Understand • Interact • Contribute • If you are conveying information, everybody should have equal access to it

  4. Disabilities to Keep In Mind • Visual • Blindness • Low vision • Color blindness • Auditory • Deafness • Hard of hearing • Physical • Motor disabilities • Speech • Speech disabilities • Cognitive/neurological • Dyslexia/dyscalculia • Attention deficit • Intellectual disabilities • Memory impairments • Seizure disorders

  5. Web Accessibility - Why is it so Important? • It’s the right thing to do • It’s easy to do • It’s the law • Section 508 • ADA • It can increase your market • It can improve the experience for those without disabilities

  6. What are the guidelines for evaluating accessibility? • World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI). • Web Content Accessibility Guidelines • Current version 1.0 • 2.0 due out soon • WCAG 1.0 versus WCAG 2.0 • Applies more broadly to different technologies • More comprehensive • Testable • Organized differently (guidelines and checkpoints versus principles and success criteria) • If you conform to 1.0, you will probably conform to 2.0

  7. Alternative Text “Provide equivalent alternatives to auditory and visual content” • Be as descriptive but succinct as possible • Use longdesc="my_description.txt“ if necessary • Caption video and multi-media (http://www.hper.indiana.edu/advancement/Carlson%20Lecture%20February%202008.qt.smil) • Alt Text turned off (http://www.brucelawson.co.uk/2008/is-alt-text-necessary-for-photo-sharing-sites) Not So Good – wedding photo Good – a bride feeds wedding cake to the groom

  8. Color “Don’t rely on color alone” • Information conveyed in color should also be available without color • Provide sufficient color contrast • http://www.angelfire.com/super/badwebs/

  9. Style Sheets “Use markup and style sheets and do so properly” • Pages should be readable without a style sheet • Separate structure from presentation • HTML and CSS (http://www.brucelawson.co.uk/2008/is-alt-text-necessary-for-photo-sharing-sites/) • Use the right DOCTYPE • HTML 4.01 Transitional

  10. Natural Language “Clarify natural language usage” • Identify primary language – EN • Avoid abbreviations and acronyms or write them out the first time

  11. Tables “Create tables that transform gracefully” • Avoid using tables for layouts • Use CSS for style AND positioning • Identify row and column headers • <TH id="header1"> and <TD headers="header1">

  12. Newer Technologies “Ensure that pages featuring new technologies transform gracefully” • Check to make sure that pages which use scripts work when scripts are turned off (http://www.w3schools.com/js/tryit.asp?filename=tryjs_text) • NOSCRIPT elements <script type="text/javascript"> <!-- document.write("Hello World!") //--> </script> <noscript>Your browser does not support JavaScript!</noscript>

  13. Time-Sensitive Content Changes “Ensure user control of time-sensitive content changes” • Avoid screen flicker, scrolling and text blink (http://www.angelfire.com/super/badwebs/)

  14. Embedded User Interfaces “Ensure direct accessibility of embedded user interfaces” • Javascripts, applets, embedded video • Event-handlers • Use onmousedown with onkeydown

  15. Device Independence “Design for device-independence” • Input/output devices • Mouse, keyboard, voice, head wand • Tab indexes and access keys • (http://www.ncaonline.org/) • (http://www.alistapart.com/articles/accesskeys/)

  16. Interim Solutions “Use interim accessibility solutions” • No pop-ups or new windows without alerting user • Don’t use auto refresh

  17. Accessible Technologies “Use W3C technologies and guidelines” • HTML, XHTML and XML for structure • CSS and XSL for style • Avoid deprecated tags • Provide alternatives to non-accessible technologies (PDF’s, etc.)

  18. Context and Orientation Info “Provide context and orientation information” • Helps users understand complex pages • Group blocks of information appropriately

  19. Navigation “Provide clear navigation mechanisms” • Site map, understandable navigation, skip over navigation • <a href="#content" accesskey="2" title="Skip to content">content</a> • http://www.w3.org/WAI/ Not So Good – for a description of our program, click here Good – for a description of our program, please visit our program info page.

  20. Clear and Simple “Ensure that documents are clear and simple” • Use simple language and grammar

  21. How Do I Evaluate My Website? • Review guidelines and plan ahead! • Examine pages using graphical browsers • Use different types and versions • Turn off style sheets, images, etc. • Examine pages using specialized browsers • Text-only • Screen readers • Screen Reader Simulator (http://www.webaim.org/simulations/screenreader.php) • Check PDF’s and other technologies • PDF Read Out Loud Feature (http://www.webaim.org/resources/reader/#outloud) • Validate site for accessibility when doing other validation checks • Have actual users test it out • http://www.indiana.edu/~iuadapts/index.html

  22. Browser Checks

  23. Resources • Web Accessibility • Web Accessibility Initiative (http://www.w3.org/WAI/) • WebAIM (http://www.webaim.org/) • Dive Into Accessibility (http://diveintoaccessibility.org/) • Web Axe (http://webaxe.blogspot.com/) • IU Standards (http://visualidentity.iu.edu/media/standards.shtml) • Section 508 • Section508.gov (http://www.section508.gov) • Validation Tools • Accessify.com (http://accessify.com/tools-and-wizards/) • ATRC Web Accessibility Checker (http://checker.atrc.utoronto.ca/index.html) • Hermish (http://www.hermish.com/) • Cynthia Says (http://www.cynthiasays.com/)

  24. Resources • Browsers • Lynx (http://www.vordweb.co.uk/standards/download_lynx.htm) • JAWS (http://www.freedomscientific.com/fs_products/software_jaws.asp) • Screen Reader Simulator (http://www.webaim.org/simulations/screenreader.php) • Opera (http://www.opera.com/) • Firefox Add-ons (https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/) • Other • Colorblind Web Page Filter (http://colorfilter.wickline.org/) • Anybrowser.com (http://www.anybrowser.com/siteviewer.html) • Using Opera to check accessibility (http://www.webaim.org/resources/opera/) • Magpie (http://ncam.wgbh.org/webaccess/magpie/) • Adobe Accessibility Resource Center (http://www.adobe.com/accessibility/) • Flash (http://www.webaim.org/techniques/flash/) • RIA (http://webaim.org/techniques/aria/) • PDF Read Out Loud (http://www.webaim.org/resources/reader/#outloud)

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