Administrative Matters • SI Hours • Seating Chart • Statement of Student Responsibility • Papers Due Thursday • Book on Reserve
What Is “Political Culture”? • “Collection of beliefs and values about the justification and operation of a country’s government”
Populism • Popular Sovereignty • Equality Majority Rule
Liberalism • Popular Sovereignty • Equality • LIBERTY Majority Rule w/ caveats
Populism Unfettered majority rule Liberalism Majority rule the norm BUT fear of majority tyranny requires some limits Populism v. Liberalism
Why classical liberalism? • “Founding fathers” middle class • Fleeing oppression • Seeking economic opportunity • Little common heritage / great diversity • Economic opportunity plentiful • Lots of land!
Implications of classical liberalism • Liberal democracy • What does that look like? • “American dream” • Capitalism • Religiosity
How Has Liberalism Persisted? • Socialization • Diversity/Self-Selection • Feedback Loop
All Liberalism, All the Time? • No! • Populism • Civic Republicanism (Communitarianism)
Values to Ideology • Values reflect general world-view, implications beyond the political • Ideology is a cohesive set of beliefs about the role of government
Shared Political Culture Shared Ideology Statism Libertarianism Conservatism Modern Liberalism Political Culture: Shared Roots
Example: Equality • All Americans tend to value equality, but . . . • Do we mean equality of opportunity or equality of outcome? • Is equality measured by individuals or by groups? • Is equality more important than liberty, or vice versa? When can government interfere w/ liberty to promote equality?