Fast Facts • Population:7,105,000 Capital: Jerusalem • Language: Hebrew, Arabic, English • Religion: Jewish, Muslim, Christian • Currency: New Israeli shekel • Life Expectancy:79 • GDP per Capita:$19,500 • Literacy Percent:95 • Infant Mortality 4 per 1,000 children (please write this down)
Geography and People • Demographics: • 80% Jews • 18% Arab • 2% Other • Most Arabs who live in Israel are Palestinian Climate: Mediterranean Desert climate in the South. Cold and wet in the mountains, dry in the desert regions.
Issues Today • Israeli-occupied Palestinian territories have some 3.5 million inhabitants—about 11 percent Jewish, 89 percent Palestinian. • A "final status" agreement, leading to a Palestinian state, has yet to be reached between Israel and the Palestinians. Problems to a final agreement include: Palestinians want their capital in Jerusalem. Israel claims that Jerusalem is its capital and that its status is not negotiable. Land promised has not been given to the Palestinians. More than 6000 people have died in conflict since 2007.
Israel Government • Israel is a Parliamentary Democracy • Parliament is called the Knesset • Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu • Jerusalem is the capital of Israel. Official Languages: Hebrew and Arabic
Economics: Mixed Economy • ECONOMY • Industry: High-technology projects, wood and paper products, potash and phosphates, food • Agriculture: Citrus, vegetables, cotton; beef • Exports: Machinery and equipment, software, cut diamonds, agricultural products, chemicals • Trade Deficit- amount by which the cost of a country's imports exceeds the value of its exports
Tel Aviv is the second largest city in Israel. • Tel Aviv is a major center of manufacturing in Israel. • They manufacture : technology products, metal products, electronic and biomedical equipment, agricultural products, processed foods, chemicals, and transport equipment; the Israeli diamond industry is one of the world's centers for diamond cutting and polishing
Religion Judaism is the main religion in Israel-75%, Judaism is monotheistic. Famous location: Western Wall 16% is Muslim, famous location: Dome of the Rock 2% Christian and 4% other religions.
West Bank, Gaza Strip, Golan Heights • These 3 territories are disputed territories. • Israel and the Palestinian Arabs have been in conflict over these territories. • Israel uses the West Bank and the Golan Heights as buffer zones.