Redesigning Specialty Practices from a Balanced Systems Perspective 7th International Summit of Office Redesign Institute for Healthcare Improvement March 20, 2006 9:30-12:30 Marjorie Godfrey, Carolyn Kerrigan, Barbara Rieseberg Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center www.clinicalmicrosystem.org
Aim & Objectives • This session will demonstrate how improving specialty practice requires theview of the system and all stakeholders. • Through applyingclinical microsystem thinking, balanced outcome measures, andsystems thinkingincluding inpatient and outpatient perspectives, significant gains can be achieved which benefit patients, staff, and organization strategies. • After this presentation you will be able to: • Develop a strategy to apply microsystem and organizational system tools and methods to improve clinical outcomes, patient, and staff satisfaction. • Create the local microsystem and the larger system view of specialty care to identify drivers of improvement.
WELCOME! • Introductions • Name, Organization, Role • What you hope to gain from this morning
Agenda 9:30-9:45 Welcome & Introductions MG 9:45-9:55An Overview of Plastic Surgery CK 9:55-10:15 The Facts BR 10:15-11:25 How to discover “The Facts” MG The 5 Ps 11:25-12:25 The “Rest” of the Story CK & BR Huddles, SMAs & SBITRs 12:25-12:30 Summary & Evaluation MG
Mission: purpose for which we exist Partner with our customers to improve form and function for better living
Vision: how we execute our mission • Maximize patient satisfaction in their health care experience by providing timely, courteous and compassionate care of the highest quality • Improve our patient's quality of life by incorporating the best medical evidence and technological resources available. • Involve the patient fully in their visit through shared decision making & comprehensive teaching • Appreciate the interdependence of our microsystem members – together we can achieve more than we can independently • Create a fulfilling work environment by initiating improvements in the work place • Train future physicians
6 surgeons 2 residents 4 nurses 2 LNAs • Anesthesia • OR nurses • Coders • Research Assistants 5 secretaries • Practice Manager • Admin Supervisor
Our Patients • 11,000 outpatient visits/year • 800 minor surgical procedures • 1,200 major surgical procedures
The Facts – A Balancing Act • My role – 3 specialty practices • Painting the picture - 2003 • health of our team • patient satisfaction • metrics that matter • measuring our success • Improvement needed
My Role • Balancing between Macrosystem (administration), the Mesosystem (OR, other practices) and our own Microsystem
My Role • Macrosystem pushing for • productivity, volume, more dollars – financial viability • Microsystem • too painful, can’t do our jobs well,we’ll never survive this - vitality
My PartnersSection Chief • On the same page • Open to learning & trying things • Questioning everything • Seeking constant input • Determined to paint a new picture
My Partners Admin SupervisorNurse Team Leader • Personnel issues all consuming • New, learning, not fully optimized • interest in learning and growing • bright, young, up and coming
Health of our Team - 2002 4.3 physician FTEs seeing ‘all comers’ …..wanting specialization 2.0 resident FTEs …..workweek pains .50 FTE nurse practitioner …..underutilized, limited to wound specialty care 5.6 nurse FTEs – 4.60 RNs; 1.0 LPN …..work not requiring their license/ training 3.7 secretarial FTEs – diversified work …..appointments, surgeries, academic support, etc
Metrics That Matter • Macro level thinking • financials • appointments • Micro level thinking • satisfaction • access • budget • OR cases; procedures
2003 Patient Satisfaction – 80% minimum target • With whom you want - 97% • Provider rating - 87% • Courtesy of staff - 85% • Ease of coordinating care - 78% • Wait in waiting/exam room - 75% • Wait for appointment - 74%
Areas Needing Improvement… • Understanding each others work • optimization of roles • Understanding processes • Professional development & growth • for all on the team • Building/maintaining safety and trust
Areas Needing Improvement… • Timely access for our patients • Understanding & balancing the schedule • outpatient appointments, minor surgery cases and main operating room cases
Engaging the “team” “If you want to build a ship, don’t drum up the men to go to the forest to gather wood, saw it, and nail the planks together… Instead, teach them the desire for the sea.” -Antoine de Saint-Exupfery; French WWII Pilot
Introduction to Microsystem thinking • “Every system is perfectly designed to get the results it gets.” Outpatient Minor OR
Clinical Microsystem is… The “Place” where patients, families and health care teams meet.
A Picture of EmbeddedSystems The Anatomy
Patients Purpose Processes Professionals Patterns
A Picture of a Microsystem The Physiology
Acute care Chronic care Preventive care Palliative care Functional Biological Expectations Functional Costs Biological Satisfaction Costs A “Generic” Clinical Microsystem model Satisfaction of need, monitoring, assessment of outputs Initial Work-up, Plan for care Entry, Assignment Orientation Disenrollment Beneficiary knowledge, including knowledge of life while not in direct contact with the health care system
What is a “Clinical Microsystem?” • Small group of doctors, nurses, other clinicians • Some administrative support • Some information, information technology • A small population of patients • Interdependent for a common aim, purpose
Assessing Your Microsystem Use the Assess, Diagnose & Treat Your Specialty Practice Workbook to diagnose the strengths of your microsystem and to start identifying improvement opportunities.
Patients Purpose Processes Patterns Professionals
PATIENTS … Assess Diagnose Treat Involving the patient & family in the process MICROSYSTEMS… Assess Diagnose Treat Involving the microsystem players in the process Caring for Patients & Growing Microsystems
Specialty Practice PROFILE
KNOW YOUR PURPOSE • Have you EVER discussed with your interdisciplinary team WHY your microsystem exists? • What is the purpose of your microsystem that everyone understands and supports?
Professionals “There are no inferior jobs in any organization. No matter what the assigned task, if it is done well and with dignity, it contributes to the function of everything around it and should be valued accordingly by all.” Dr. Charles H. Mayo
“The doctors often tell us that they couldn’t do their work without us. Our custodial staff receives a lot of positive feedback. It makes us feel like equal members of the team.” • Toni Waalkens, Third Shift Lead, Environmental Services