A seminar by Alex Coetzee and Ben Ehrlich Build Your Own Arcade Machine
Build Your Own Arcade Machine: The History and Howto In this seminar, you will learn: • History of arcade games • Basic understanding of arcade-wiring • Theoretical application of power tools • How to build an arcade machine!
Tennis for Two In 1958, William Higinbotham created the first videogame, Tennis for Two. It was never commercially distributed, and nothing was patented.
Space War! In 1962, Steve Russel and a team of engineers created ‘Space War!’, a thrilling space game. Though it was a technological breakthrough, it was seen as a novelty, and spent years in the basement of MIT.
Which Came First? Which came first, A: Arcades B: Home-Consoles
Answer: Ralph Baer.
Ralph Baer Ralph Baer is today considered the father of video games. • ‘Oddysey’ • Channel 3
1972: A Big Year for Arcades • Pong released to masses • Release of Ralph Baer’s Oddysey
Pong - 1972 • A game of ‘tennis’ • Lawsuit with William Higinbotham
Tank - 1973 “We started a football game called Xs and Os, but then we thought a game with tanks would be more fun, so we made that instead.” –Steve Bristow
Night Driver -1973 • Arcade ‘dark ages’
Breakout - 1976 • Still extremely popular today • Marked beginning of ‘interchangeable paddle games’
SPACE INVADERS -1978 • First videogame blockbuster • Lead to the creation of the arcade token
WELCOME TO THE OFFICIAL GOLDEN AGE OF ARCADES! 1978 marks the official beginning of the first Arcade Golden Age
Asteroids - 1979 • Another space game • Legal action with the creators of Space War
Star Castle - 1980 • First Cinematronics game • Featured first* colored arcade graphics • Stars in background pornography
WELCOME TO THE REAL GOLDEN AGE OF ARCADES! Though it is not widely accepted, it is debated that 1980 marks the actual beginning of the Golden Age.
Crazy Climber - 1980 • What?
Missile Command - 1980 • Created in heat of cold war • One of first trackball games
Pac-Man - 1980 • Do I even have to talk about Pac-Man?
Interesting Fact! In the mid 1980s, Atari invested in a new branch called Pizza time theatre.
Centipede - 1981 • Scroller-shooter
Donkey Kong - 1981 • Shigeru Miyamoto • Made up for losses • King-Kong lawsuit
Frogger - 1981 • Never before was America so in love with an amphibian
Galaga - 1981 • Best arcade game ever made (Fact) • Ben Ehrlich is a beast at Galaga (Also Fact) • Ben Ehrlich smokes chumps like you at Galaga (Very Fact)
Interesting Fact A KillScreen is a level in a game in which the game can not handle increasing the difficulty by any increment, resulting in internal confusion.
Arcade Game Movies The following arcade games were made into movies: • Mrs. Pac Man • Mario Bros • Donkey Kong Junior
Mrs. Pac Man - 1981 • First decent arcade sequel • Featured more than one level
Tempest -1981 • Astounding vector graphics
Joust - 1982 • Flying ostriches! • Nuff said.
Pole Position - 1982 • Started arcade racing • Faked 3D graphics
Q-Bert -1982 • Massive release issues • Caused ‘distributor freeze’
DRAGON’S LAIR • First Lazerdisc (precursor to DVD) game • Featured animated graphics
Mario Bros - 1983 • Quintessential arcade platformer • Set presidents for future games
Star Wars - 1983 • First game to make use of flight yoke
And Then: Nothing interesting happened for 11 years.
The History: Conclusion • Arcades, and game’s in general have gone over HUGE leaps and bounds over the last 30 years. • Galaga is a really good game.
What Makes an Arcade Machine Tick? • What is a PCB? • Can a regular computer run an arcade machine? • How do joysticks and buttons get incorporated? • Why is all this beef in my fridge? I don’t even like beef!
PCBs • PCB: Printed Circuit Board • Primary storage medium • Created a standard
Can a Regular Computer Run an Arcade Machine? • Yes, and they often do.
They’re All Run By Computers • Computers are VERY popular in arcades today
MAME - 1999 • In 1999 Nicola Salmoria programmed the groundwork for MAME • The arcade emulator
Building An Arcade Machine: The Game(s) So you have two choices: A PCB, which can run one game but is specialized, or MAME, which can run multiple games, but requires a dedicated computer.
Frontends • Seeing Microsoft Windows is a buzzkill Options: • Premade • Custom
Wood Working An arcade machine is basically a wooden cabinet. None the less, construction can be difficult. Here’s a guide:
The Right Tool For The Right Job Here are some tools you should use: • Circular Saw • Jigsaw • Drill/Screw Gun • Clamps