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Hallucinogens A substance that produces hallucinations or delusions

Hallucinogens A substance that produces hallucinations or delusions

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Hallucinogens A substance that produces hallucinations or delusions

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  1. HallucinogensA substance that produces hallucinations or delusions By: Erika Genoch, Sara Wiederholt, and Jenny Brudwick Period: 6

  2. Phencyclidine (PCP) What is PCP? Developed in 1950’s as an intravenous anesthetic but was discontinued Made from 11 different chemicals White crystalline powder Ranges from a light to darker brown with a powdery to a gummy mass consistency("PCP," 2000). Dissolves in water and alcohol Bitter chemical taste

  3. How is PCP used? • Over 7 million users in the U.S. • Sold under 70-80 different names • Tablets, capsules, liquids, and colored powders • Can take orally, snorted, smoked, and injected ("PCP," 2014). • Common dose is 5-10mg("Phencyclidine (PCP)," n.d.).

  4. Effects of PCP • Hallucinations and paranoia • Difficulty with speech and memory • Depth perception is distorted • Chronic use can result in violence • Suicidal and homicidal behavior("So Much for Cocaine," 2014). • Can result in a seizure, coma, or death

  5. Dimethyltryptamine (DMT) • Indigenous tribes in South American have used it for rituals and ceremonies • Body produces small amounts in times of extreme stress • Nicknames- Fantasia & Businessman's trip • Non-addictive • Can create tolerance to it • Effects can be unpredictable • Most illegal drug

  6. Dimethyltryptamine • Gives the user a “trip” • Taken commonly from blades of grass • Human brains rarely and animal brains which is uncommon • Generally made into small crystals for smoking • Taken by- injection, sniffing, & smoked • No other side effects

  7. Dimethyltryptamine • Most horrifying experience • Can cause flashbacks • Trip lasts 10 minutes to an hour • Many users see almost the same things • Mechanical dwarves • Reptilian green creatures • Giant bug-like monsters

  8. LSD (Lysergic Acid Diethylamide) • Clear or white, odorless water-soluble material with a slightly bitter taste • Synthetic substance • Tablets known as microdots and thin squares known as window panes • Most potent of all hallucinogens

  9. Lysergic Acid Diethylamide • Initially produced in crystalline form • Sold on streets as tablets, capsules, or liquid • A tolerance is quickly developed but short lived • An average dose, 100-300 micrograms produces an experiential state • Effects thought to be prominent in two regions of the brain: cerebral cortex and locus coeruleus • No evidence of withdrawal

  10. Lysergic Acid Diethylamide • Gives a person a high or a “trip” • Lasts about twelve hours and is felt within 30 to 90 minutes after taken • Physiological effects: raised blood pressure and heart rate, dizziness, loss of appetite, dry mouth, sweating and tremors • Emotions: rapidly switch from fear to euphoria • Sense may cross- Synesthesia: feeling of hearing colors and seeing sounds • Distortions of time is common

  11. Bibliography • Hallucinogens. (2006, February 9). Retrieved March 4, 2014, from Psychology Today website: http://www.psychologytoday.com/conditions/hallucinogens • Kasschau, R. A. (n.d.). Understanding psychology. Glencoe. • PCP. (2000). Retrieved March 3, 2014, from http://www.drugs.com/pcp.html • PCP. (2014). Retrieved March 3, 2014, from http://www.drugfree.org/drug-guide/ pcp • Phencyclidine (PCP). (n.d.). Retrieved March 3, 2014, from http://www.nhtsa.gov/ people/injury/research/job185drugs/phencyclidine.htm • So much for cocaine and lsd—angel dust is america's most dangerous new drug. (2014, March 3). Retrieved March 3, 2014, from http://www.people.com/people/ archive/article/0,,20071627,00.html • Dimethyltryptamine. (n.d.). Retrieved February 27, 2014, from Palo Alto Medical Foundation website: http://www.pamf.org/teen/risk/drugs/hallucinogens/dmt.html • Dimethyltryptamine(DMT). (2011). Retrieved February 27, 2014, from Cracked website: http://www.cracked.com/funny-2450-dimethyltryptamine-dmt/ • Yaun, T., & Chan, P. (2014). Identification of a serotonin/glutamate receptor complex implicated in psychosis. Retrieved February 27, 2014, from Science Reference Center website: http://web.b.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail?vid=6&sid=56f3ffca-4f89-46d0-9fb5-8590a1e65400%40sessionmgr113&hid=117&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=sch&AN=31193380