CIAO!!! Italy Click here to begin!!
Contents • Country fact file • Historical aspects of Italy • Geographical aspects of Italy • Economy • National symbols • Language • Tourism in Italy • Food • Religion • Grazie
Country fact file • Population: 58,147,733 (July 2007 est.) • Size of Country: 301,230 sq km (slightly larger than Arizona) • Capital City: Rome • Time Zone: GMT+1 • Location: Southern Europe, a peninsula extending into the central Mediterranean Sea, northeast of Tunisia • Currency: Euro • Language: Italian • System of Government: Republic, led by President Giorgio Napolitano • Telephone Country Code: 39 • National Holidays: Republic Day, June 2 • Religion: Roman Catholic (90%) • Life Expectancy at Birth: 80 years
Rome • Rome (Roma in Italian) is the capital city of Italy and of the Lazio region and it has country’s largest population with more than 2.7 million residents. It is located in the central-western portion of the Italian peninsula, where the river Aniene joins the Tiber. The Mayor of Rome is Walter Veltroni. • An enclave of Rome is the State of the Vatican City, the sovereign territory of the Holy See. It is the smallest nation in the world, and the capital of the only religion to have representation in the United Nations (as a non-member observer state).
Giorgio Napolitano The President of the Italian Republic is Giorgio Napolitano. As the head of State of Italy, he is intended to represent national unity rather than a particular political tendency. His term of office lasts for seven years. He was elected the President of the Republic on May 10, 2006 at the fourth ballot and he became the eleventh President on the 15th of May, 2006. The President resides in Rome at the Quirinal Palace, and also has at his or her disposal the presidential holdings of Castelporziano, near Rome, and Villa Rosebery, in Naples.
Historical Aspects • The Italian Unification • The Revolutions of Italy
The Italian Unification • Italian unification (called in Italian the Risorgimento, or "Resurgence") was the political and social process that unified different states of the Italian peninsula into the single nation of Italy. • It is difficult to pin down exact dates for the beginning and end of Italian reunification. However, most scholars agree that it began with the end of Napoleonic rule and the Congress of Vienna in 1815, and approximately ended with the Franco-Prussian War in 1871, though the last "città irredente" did not join the Kingdom of Italy until the Italian victory in World War I.
The Revolutions of Italy • From 1848 to 1852, Europe was convulsed by a series of Revolutions which all ultimately failed by 1852 with the restoration of either dictatorship or the reestablishment of conservative rule. The revolutions started in a part of Italy in 1848, but the real spark was in France in 1848. From there, as news spread, revolutions broke out in other parts of Italy, Prussia, Austria and the German Confederation. • The Italian states of Europe also had a revolution which made Pope Pius IX flee Italy. This gave a leader of unification, Gieuseppe Mazzini the chance to unify Italy. This plot of Mazzini was a failure because of the Italians overwhelming protectiveness of their independence.
Geographical aspects of Italy • Italy occupies a long, boot-shaped peninsula, surrounded on the west by the Tyrrhenian Sea and on the east by the Adriatic Sea. It is bounded by France, Switzerland, Austria, and Slovenia to the north. • The Apennine Mountains form the peninsula's backbone and the Alps form its northern boundary. • The largest of its northern lakes is Garda (143 sq mi; 370 km²) and the river Po, its principal river, flows from the Alps on Italy's western border and crosses the Padan plain to the Adriatic Sea.
Several islands form part of Italy; the largest are Sicily (9,926 sq mi; 25,708 km²) and Sardinia (9,301 sq mi; 24,090 km²). • There are several active volcanoes in Italy: Etna, the largest active volcano in Europe; Vulcano; Stromboli; and Vesuvius, the only active volcano on the mainland of Europe.
Economy The Euro is now the official currency of 12 EU member states (including Italy). The first Euro coins and notes were introduced in January 2002; the Italian Lira was still in circulation until 28 February 2002, when it was completely replaced by the Euro. Euro (€) = 100 cents. Notes are in denominations of €500, 200, 100, 50, 20, 10 and 5. Coins are in denominations of €2, 1 and 50, 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1 cents.
National Symbols • The Italian Flag:The flag of Italy was officially adopted on January 21, 1919. The modern Italian flag, the famous tricolour, is derived from an original design by Napoleon. It consists of three vertical bands of equal width, displaying the national colours of Italy: green, white and red. Green was said to be Napoleon's favourite colour. • The Coat of Arms: Italy's emblem has been the symbol of the Italian Republic since 5 May 1948. The emblem comprises a white five-pointed star, with a red border, superimposed on a five- spoked cogwheel which stands between an olive branch on its left and a branch of oak on its right; the branches in turn are bound by a red ribbon bearing the legend "REPVBBLICA ITALIANA" (Italian Republic)
The National Anthem: "Il Canto degliItaliani" (The Song of the Italians), was written in 1847, with lyrics by Goffredo Mameli. Subsequently, the song is often known as L'InnodiMameli (Mameli's Hymn). When Italy united as a nation in 1861, the song was then known as the "March of the House of Savoy" and it became the official Anthem in 1947, one year after Italy was proclaimed a Republic. To listen to and see the lyrics of the National Anthem, click on the black box. (click on it again to pause the video)
Language The official language of Italy is Standard Italian, a descendant of the Tuscan dialect and a direct descendant of Latin (Some 75 percent of Italian words are of Latin origin). Numbers 1 – 10 in Italian : Uno 1 Cinque 5 Nove 9 Due 2 Sei 6 Dieci 10 Tre 3 Sette 7 Quattro 4 Otto 8 Click here to go to you tube to listen to Italian numbers!
Tourism in Italy • Italy has some of the world's most ancient tourist resorts, dating back to the time of the Roman Republic, when destinations such as Pompeii, Naples Ischia, Capri and especially Baiae were popular with the rich of Roman society. • Rome, Venice, and Florence are the top three destinations for tourism in Italy. Other major tourist locations include Turin, Milan, Naples, Padua, Bologna, Perugia, Genoa, Sicily, Sardinia, and Cinque Terre. • Many northern cities are able to use the Alps as an attraction for winter sports, while coastal southern cities have the Mediterranean Sea to draw tourists looking for sun.
Attractions in Italy • Monuments and landmarks • Museums • Other attractions
Monuments and Landmarks • Colosseum • The Leaning Tower of Pisa • Castel Sant’ Angelo • Piazza del Popolo • Santa Maria Maggiore
Colosseum • The Colosseum is an elliptical amphitheatre in the centre of the city of Rome, Italy, the largest ever built in the Roman Empire. It is one of the greatest works of Roman architecture and engineering. • Originally capable of seating around 50,000 spectators, the Colosseum was used for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles. It remained in use for nearly 500 years with the last recorded games being held there as late as the 6th century. As well as the traditional gladiatorial games, many other public spectacles were held there • Although it is now in a ruined condition due to damage caused by earthquakes and stone-robbers, the Colosseum has long been seen as an iconic symbol of Imperial Rome. Today, it is one of modern Rome's most popular tourist attractions and still has close connections with the Roman Catholic Church, as each Good Friday the Pope leads a torchlight "Way of the Cross" procession to the amphitheatre. • The Colosseum is also depicted on the Italian version of the five-cent coin. Click here to view a magnificent picture of the Colosseum!
C The magnificent Colosseum
The Leaning Tower of Pisa • The Leaning Tower of Pisa is the freestanding bell tower, of the cathedral of the Italian city of Pisa. It is situated behind the Cathedral and it is the third structure by time in Pisa's Piazza del Duomo (Cathedral Square). • Although intended to stand vertically, the tower began leaning to the southeast soon after the onset of construction in 1173 due to a poorly laid foundation and loose substrate that has allowed the foundation to shift direction. • The height of the tower is 55.86 m (183.27 ft) from the ground on the lowest side and 56.70 m (186.02 ft) on the highest side. Its weight is estimated at 14,500 tonnes. The tower has 294 steps. The tower leans at an angle of 3.97 degrees.
Castel Sant’ Angelo • The Mausoleum of Hadrian, usually known as the Castel Sant'Angelo, is a towering cylindrical building in Rome, initially commissioned by the Roman Emperor Hadrian as a mausoleum for himself and his family. The building, located in the rione of Borgo, spent over a thousand years as a fortress and castle, and is now a museum. A view of Rome from the top of the castle Castel Sant'Angelo. Click here to view a scary picture of Castel Sant’Angelo
C Castel Sant'Angelo from the bridge. The angel statue on the top depicts the angel from whom the building derives its name.
Piazza del Popolo • The Piazza del Popolo is a square in Rome, Italy. The name in modern Italian literally means "piazza of the people", but historically it derives from the poplars after which the church of Santa Maria del Popolo, in the northeast corner of the piazza, takes its name.
Santa Maria Maggiore • The Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore - also known as the Basilica di Santa Maria della Neve is an ancient Catholic basilica of Rome. It is one of the four major basilicas. • The name of the church reflects two ideas of greatness, both that of a major basilica as opposed to a minor basilica and also that of the Blessed Virgin Mary, as the true Mother of God.
Museums of Italy Genoa Museum Palazzo Spinola Castello D’Albertis Palazzo Bianca Maritime Museum Palazzo del Principe
Other Attractions San Lorenzo Cathedral Ville Croce Fontana di Trevi Pantheon
Religions in Italy • Roman Catholicism is the major religion of Italy. 85% of native-born citizens are nominally Catholic. There are mature Protestant and Jewish communities and a growing Muslim community, the latter made up primarily of new immigrants. All religious faiths are provided equal freedom by the constitution. Before the adoption of Christianity as the official religion of the state, in the fourth century, the country was officially pagan and worshipped the Roman gods, although there was great religious tolerance.
Italian Cuisine Stuffed Italian Style Turkey Breast Pignoli cookies Roasted Eggplant Salad
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