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Modifier Missteps

Modifier Missteps

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Modifier Missteps

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  1. Modifier Missteps Words, phrases, or clauses that give more information about or describe other words

  2. When is the grammar test? May 10 and 11

  3. Misplaced Modifiers • Place the modifying word/phrase/clause (what describes the subject) as close as possible to the word or words you want to modify (add description to) • Example: • Misplaced: Undaunted, the storm did not prevent the crew from setting sail as planned. • Correct: The storm did not prevent the undaunted crew from setting sail as planned.

  4. More examples.. • Misplaced: They were delighted to see a field of daffodils climbing up the hill. • Correct: Climbing up the hill, they were delighted to see a field of daffodils. • Misplaced: Uncle Carmine saw a deer bounding across a meadow on his way to work. • Correct: On his way to work, Uncle Carmine saw a deer bounding across a meadow.

  5. Squinting Modifiers • When a modifier could apply to two different words. • Example • Misplaced: The prime minister said yesterday her opponent spoke honestly. • Did the prime minister speak yesterday or did her opponent? • Correct: Yesterday, the prime minister said her opponent spoke honestly. • Also correct: The prime minister said her opponent spoke honestly yesterday.

  6. Practice • P. 714 Exercise #1 #1-5

  7. Dangling Modifiers • When a modifier does not clearly and sensibly modify anything. • Example • Dangling: Determined, Christy Haubeggar’splan was to publish a bilingual magazine for Hispanic women. • Was the plan determined? • Correct: Determined, Christy Haubeggar planned to publish a bilingual magazine for Hispanic women. • Also correct: Christy Haubeggar was determined to publish a bilingual magazine for Hispanic women.

  8. Another example… • Dangling: After researching the African American oral tradition in Florida, the book Mules and Men was written. • Who was researching? • Correct: After researching the African American oral tradition in Florida, Zora Neale Hurston wrote the book Mules and Men. • Also correct: After Zora Neale Hurston researched the African American oral tradition in Florida, she wrote the book Mules and Men.

  9. Practice • P. 715 Exercise 2 #1-5