Understanding Power • The Experience of Power • The Feelings of Power • The Role of Power • The Source of Power • The Use of Power • Mechanisms of Power • Information • Authority • Charisma/Celebrity • Music • Love and family • Responding to Power • Questions/ The Opposite of Power
Mechanisms of Power Formerly Types and Sources of power
Money as a Mechanism of Power -A mechanism that can accomplish an assortment of needs -Programmed and taught to pursue -Society structured around it
Force The father of all power…
The man who is not afraid to die can accomplish anything. LaoTzu Tao Te Ching
Forms of Force • Violence • spanking • Weapons • food • Armies and police • Pain and avoidance • Incarceration • Sent to your room / grounding • Threat • Protection • Where does freedom come into play?
Torture What are the forms?
Authority The ability to use money and force with the approval of the group and without consequence to the users.
“There are two kinds of people who never amount to much: those who cannot do what they are told, and those who can do nothing else.”Cyrus Curtis
“All that is necessary for evil to succeed is that good men do nothing.”Edmund Burke
“This is my simple religion. There is no need for temples; no need for complicated philosophy. Our own brain, our own heart is our temple; the philosophy is kindness.”The 14th Dali Lama
“How a minority,Reaching majority,Seizing authority,Hates a minority!”Leonard H. Robbins
“Anyone who conducts an argument by appealing to authority is not using his intelligence; he is just using his memory.”Leonardo Da Vinci
“Good people do not need laws to tell them to act responsibly, while bad people will find a way around the laws.”Plato
“Men in authority will always think that criticism of their policies is dangerous. They will always equate their policies with patriotism, and find criticism subversive.”Henry S. Commage
“Every great advance in natural knowledge has involved the absolute rejection of authority.” Thomas Huxley
If you wish to know what a man is, place him in authority. Yugoslav Proverb
We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
I hope our wisdom will grow with our power, and teach us, that the less we use our power the greater it will be.
I know of no safe depository of the ultimate powers of the society but the people themselves; and if we think them not enlightened enough to exercise their control with a wholesome discretion, the remedy is not to take it from them but to inform their discretion.
I predict future happiness for Americans if they can prevent the government from wasting the labors of the people under the pretense of taking care of them.
Experience has shown, that even under the best forms of government those entrusted with power have, in time, and by slow operations, perverted it into tyranny. Thomas Jefferson
Power is aboutNeeds and Abilities Application of an ability to help or hinder a need to create feelings of control, influence or seduction.
What are the needs that drive Authority?OrderSalvationSafetyKnowledgeHealthSocializationBehavior ControlDispute ResolutionSecurityLifestyleComfortBelonging…
Why is Authority a good choice for our society?Organization – Too much to doExpertise – Too much to knowEfficiency – Too many thingsAgreement – Need consensusPredictability – Need to expectAccountability – Need someone to answer
Prior Theory…Types of PowerLegitimate Power - governmentReferent Power- religionExpert Power – abilities and knowledgeall examples of authority…needs and abilities make it work
Using our definitions…Needs and abilities…Authority is Power by consent.We need order and stability.Those who offer us that possibility are tolerated.
Consider all historical empires.Think of the life of the people of the time.How much of their safety was the result of a willing consent to those who would have power?
Although we may not give express consent, every generation, by virtue of its participation, acquiesces to theauthority of those in power. And thus they propagate that which is over that which might be.
A 'No' uttered from the deepest conviction is better than a 'Yes' merely uttered to please, or worse, to avoid trouble. Mohandas Gandhi
“The state represents violence in a concentrated and organized form. The individual has a soul, but as the state is a soulless machine, it can never be weaned from violence to which it owes its very existence.”Mohandas Gandhi
Power is of two kinds. One is obtained by the fear of punishment and the other by acts of love. Power based on love is a thousand times more effective and permanent then the one derived from fear of punishment. Mohandas Gandhi
Authority is power by consent. When the consent is withdrawn or challenged, the power ceases.
When authority is challenged…Those in power call it treason.Those observing call it foolish.When we win we call it a revolution.
“Government is necessary to man, and where obedience is not compelled, there is no government. If the subject refuses to obey, it is the duty of authority to use compulsion. Society cannot subsist but by the power, first of making laws, and then of enforcing them.”Samuel Johnson
The gift of authority comes with permission to use things we otherwise call bad.Force – Police, ArmiesMoney – bribes, spending taxesIncarceration – take away freedom, exclude from society Information – education, propaganda
The Ministries are:Information and MediaEducation Business, Currency and PropertyReligion and SpiritualityFamiliesEmployment and LabourCrime and PunishmentInternational SecurityTaxationHealthTelecommunicationsLaw Making
You will form a group of two or three and create the system, rules and enforcement procedures for each of your departments.You will be the Authority.
You will present your systems and recommendations at the next class and all members of the class –being the people of the society –will have the right to ask questions.
You have to gain the consent of the people to have the right to rule that division of our new government. You will then be the authority on those matters.