Workshop on the Small Business Act Human Capital Principle 8.1 Israel May 22, 2013OlenaBekh
ETF – focus on Human Capital indicators • Adoption of the European Key Competences (2005) – Sense of initiative and entrepreneurship (№ 7) • Education and Training 2020 (2009): entrepreneurship at all levels of education and training a strategic objective • EU2020 (2010): small businesses play key role in flagship initiatives • Political Guidelines of the New European Commission: entrepreneurship culture and contribution of education • The report of the Wise Men: EU 2030 – necessity to create culture of risk taking and entrepreneurship • Review of the «Small Business Act» for Europe: alignment of SBA with Europe 2020 - entrepreneurship in innovation, female entrepreneurship, best practice • Employment Guidelines, 2010 – 2014 • Bruges Communiqué, 2010: entrepreneurship key competence • Eurostat’s “Entrepreneurship determinants: culture and capabilities” (2012)
The EU policyresponse: a briefchronology • Concerns about employment and competitiveness in EU (Lisbon Agenda, 2000) • Oslo Agenda: policy guidelines for lifelong entrepreneurial learning (2006) – the domino effect, multistakeholder groups • Entrepreneurship as a key competence (EU, 2006): mindset, cognitive and behaviouralcharacteristics of an entrepreneur • European Charter for Small Enterprise (2004), Euro-Mediterranean Enterprise Charter (2007) - LLEL & indicators • European Small Business Act (2008): shifting focus of employment policies from large industry to SMEs, 10 key policy lines • EU 2013 Entrepreneurship Action Plan
Let’s get the terms clear! Entrepreneurial learning ‘All forms of education and training, both formal and non-formal, which contribute to an entrepreneurial spirit and entrepreneurial behaviour with or without a commercial objective.’ (ETF, 2009) Entrepreneur ‘An entrepreneur issomeone who seeks out opportunities, takes initiatives often based on risk and through new ventures decides how resources can be most effectively applied. Driven by the need for achievement, the entrepreneur may not necessarily be motivated by profit but use it as a measure of success.’ (ETF, 2009)
Value of the indicators and methodology • Entrepreneurship in national and global agenda • Engagement and empowerment: policy interest, ownership and accountability: ‘no hiding’, impetus for reform • Dual function: multi-country bench-marking tool and a national policy development instrument • Good practice: countries keen to know why and how others perform better – exchange and cooperation, structured networks • Scale: Cross-regional applications, cooperation with other partners • Donor interest: assessment, improvement points, next steps leading to project design
Small Business Act policy assessment • Indicators(8 indicators) • Lifelong entrepreneurial learningpolicy • Secondaryand tertiaryeducation • Good practice • University-enterprisecooperation • Non-formal entrepreneurial learning • Indicators (9 indicators) • Training NeedsAnalysis (TNA) • Availability of training • Start-ups, Enterprise training • Enterprise growth • Access to international markets • Quality assurance • Women’sentrepreneurship • Skills for sustainableeneterprise • develoment Data & Indicators Meeting, 11 December 2012 7
- Logic of each indicator • Each indicator • 5 level scale • cumulative • max 3-4 years M&E Review Improvement Implementation Break even point Dialogue, planning No system Ad hoc activities Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 Level 5 8
Imagine: SBA assessment 2013 completed… • “GAME OVER”? 9
Principle 8.I: Enterprise Skills – scores’ dynamics • Total - 9 indicators in Principle 8.1 in 2013 • Included 4new indicators – Training Needs’ Analysis (8.1), Quality Assurance (8.7 ), Women’s Entrepreneurship (8.8 ) and Skills for Sustainable Enterprise Development (8.8 ) (thus, no baseline for these indicators) • Israel maintained excellent level on the Access to International Markets (8.6) – TOP performance (level 5) • Lowest results - Women’s Entrepreneurship (new) – 1,0 • Progress (within the same score - 3) on Enterprise Training (8.4) - from 10% in 2008 to 20% in 2013. Stable performance on Start-up training (level 2). • Indicators on Availability of training, as well as Enterprise Growth – data is not yet sufficient to confirm the previously achieved scores (both scored high in 2008 - 4,5, the latter – score 3,0). • Entry levels on new indicators – Quality Assurance and Skills for Sustainable Development – 2 and 2,5 respectively - could become potential areas of application of extra efforts. *the indicator numbers are different in 2008 and 2013
Key findings of the assessment: Principle 8.I Enterprise Skills For discussion - needs? • Comprehensive, strategic long-term view planning • Structured partnership - to ensure that the system provides effective support to skills’ development of existing and potential entrepreneurs • Systemic training needs analysis (TNA) of enterprises - system • Ensure that ALL “start-ups” (not only technology (hi-tech) enterprises) have equal support • Targeted Gvt support to newly-established and existing and high-growth enterprises – to increase effectiveness, efficiency of government’s support and improve quality. • Quality assurance system • Women’s entrepreneurship – an economic issue Israel – strengths… • Strong system of enterprise training provision offered by both public and private providers • Well developed training provider network offers training to various types of enterprises and covers business start-up and enterprise growth training programmes • Information about training opportunities is widely disseminated through multiple online resources and databases • All kinds of support and advisory services are offered for new businesses
Key findings of the assessment: Principle 8.I Women’s Entrepreneurship (WE) – NEW! Issues for discussion… • Women’s entrepreneurship policies are not coordinated or monitored by the national, cross-stakeholder working group to review options for systemic inclusion of WE issues across the national policies. Importance of a structured dialogue and partnership at the national level, policy reflection, regular feedback by social partners for improvement of policy measures. • Apart from project-based developments, there is no system approach to defining and monitoring training needs of women entrepreneurs (TNA). • Adoption of targeted national policies for WE and specific programmes to support entrepreneurial activities of women. Awareness in the society, role models. Research and quality data on training and support needs (data production, access, dissemination and use for policy monitoring). • There are excellent ad hoc examples of training services with dedicated women’s entrepreneurship training and support programmes (public events, training courses, etc.). • Many projects help women from disadvantaged or minority groups to achieve economic independence and develop small businesses due to acquiring new skills and abilities . • Women entrepreneurship training and support programs are implemented in partnerships between civic interest groups, women business associations, training providers, MATIs and other partners. • There are also examples of Government programs which promote enabling measures for increasing women’s (self-) employment and engagement in business activity.
SBA Principle VIII: Promote the upgrading of skills and all forms of innovationIndicator 1: Training Needs Analysis (TNA)
SBA Principle VIII: Promote the upgrading of skills and all forms of innovationIndicator 2: Availability of Training
SBA Principle VIII: Promote the upgrading of skills and all forms of innovationIndicator 3: Start-ups
SBA Principle VIII: Promote the upgrading of skills and all forms of innovationIndicator 4: Enterprise Training
SBA Principle VIII: Promote the upgrading of skills and all forms of innovationIndicator 5: Enterprise Growth
SBA Principle VIII: Promote the upgrading of skills and all forms of innovationIndicator 6: Access to International Markets
SBA Principle VIII: Promote the upgrading of skills and all forms of innovationIndicator 7: Quality Assurance
SBA Principle VIII: Promote the upgrading of skills and all forms of innovationIndicator 8: Women’s Entrepreneurship Development
SBA Principle VIII: Promote the upgrading of skills and all forms of innovationIndicator 9: Skills for Sustainable Enterprise Development (SSED)
Thankyou!ETF Enterprising People Questions to: Name: OlenaBekh Email: email@example.com Name: Eva JimenoSicilia Email firstname.lastname@example.org Name: Sabina Nari Email email@example.com Telephone: +39 011 6302222 Website: www.etf.europa.eu
SBA Principle I: Create an environment in which entrepreneurs and family business can thrive entrepreneurship is rewardedIndicator 1: Policy
SBA Principle I: Create an environment in which entrepreneurs and family business can thrive entrepreneurship is rewardedIndicator 2: Good Practice
SBA Principle I: Create an environment in which entrepreneurs and family business can thrive entrepreneurship is rewardedIndicator 3: Non-Formal Learning
SBA Principle I: Create an environment in which entrepreneurs and family business can thrive entrepreneurship is rewardedIndicator 4: Lower Secondary Education(ISCED 2)
SBA Principle I: Create an environment in which entrepreneurs and family business can thrive entrepreneurship is rewardedIndicator 5: Upper Secondary Education (ISCED 3)
SBA Principle I: Create an environment in which entrepreneurs and family business can thrive entrepreneurship is rewardedIndicator 6: National Higher Education Policy on Entrepreneurial Learning - NEW!
SBA Principle I: Create an environment in which entrepreneurs and family business can thrive entrepreneurship is rewardedIndicator 7: Good Practice in Higher Education - NEW!
SBA Principle I: Create an environment in which entrepreneurs and family business can thrive entrepreneurship is rewardedIndicator 8: Higher Education cooperation with the world of business - NEW!