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PSALM

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PSALM

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  1. PSALM Book of Praises

  2. Psalms • 150 Chapters, 2461 verses. (Isaiah has 66 chapters, Genesis has 1533 verses) • Each chapter (Psalm) independent of each other • Time Period: • 1st Psalm: 90 (Moses) (1410 BC) • Last Psalm: 126 (Unknown, possibly Ezra) (500-430 BC). Babylonian captivity, return to Judah • Most were written during the reigns of David and Solomon (1010 BC – 930 BC)

  3. Authors • David – 75 PsalmsPs. 3-9, 11-32, 34-41, 51-65, 68-70, 86, 101, 108-110, 122, 124, 131, 138-145Ps 2 (See Ac 4:25), Ps 95 (See Heb 4:7) • Solomon 2 Psalms (72 & 127) • Asaph – 12 Psalms • Sons of Korah 11 Psalms • Hezekiah possible 10 Psalms • Moses (Ps 90), Ethan (Ps 89), Heman (Ps 88) • Jeremiah – Ps 137 (according to Septuagint) • Zechariah & Ezra each possibly wrote 1 • Anonymous/Unknown 35-47 Psalms

  4. 5 Books • Some refer to Psalm as the “Pentatuech of David” • Old Jewish saying: “Moses gave the Israelites the five books of the Law; and corresponding with these, David gave them the five books of the Psalms.” • Book 1 probably compiled during reign of Solomon, Books 2-3 during reigns of Hezekiah or Josiah, Books 4-5 during time of Ezra, Nehemiah

  5. 5 Books • Book 1: Ps 1-41: themes of sin and redemption (i.e. Ps 38, Ps 23) • Book 2: 42-72: focus on nation of IsraelIsrael’s ruin (42-49), redeemer (50-60), redemption (61-72) • Book 3: 73-89: The sanctuary is referenced in nearly every psalm in this book • Book 4: 90-106: Israel’s relapse and recovery during wilderness (90 by Moses while wandering) • Book 5: 107-150: Focus on sufficiency of God’s word (119) and universal praise due to the Lord’s name (146-150)

  6. Psalm 119 • Longest Psalm and chapter of Bible 176 verses • Just about every verse praises the Word of God • Contains 22 stanzas consisting of 8 verses each • Each stanza represents the Hebrew alphabet in an acrostic pattern (first word beginning with a successive letter of Hebrew alphabet) • Perhaps written this way to make it easier to memorize

  7. Superscriptions & Notations • Ps 3: “A Psalm of David, when he fled from Absalom his son”Ps 9: “To the chief Musician upon Muthalabben, A Psalm of David” • 116 Psalms have superscriptions • Some identify the Author and/or historical info (Ps. 3) • 55 have musical instructions giving instruction as to how it should be sung and instrument to be used

  8. Superscriptions & Notations • Superscriptions were added after the writing of the Psalm but are part of the original Hebrew manuscripts of the Bible • Generally considered accurate and reliable • Selah (appears 71 times) (Ps 3:8) • Most scholars say Selah used as musical notation • Signals brief interlude • Sometimes a pause for emphasis on what was just spoken

  9. Descriptions of God • Psalm 7:8-10: Our judge and defense • Psalm 14:6: The refuge of the poor • Psalm 18:2: Our rock, fortress, strength, shield, horn of salvation, high tower (strong hold) • Psalm 19:14: Our strength and redeemer • Psalm 24:10: King of glory • Psalm 27:1: Our light and salvation • Psalm 46:1: Our refuge & strength, a very present help in trouble • Psalm 86:15: Full of compassion, gracious, longsuffering, plentous in mercy and truth

  10. Jesus in the Psalms • Jesus is spoken of in several Psalms: 2,8,16,22,40,41,45,61,68,69,72,103,110,118,132 • Psalm 8:4-6: Prophesy of Jesus in the flesh (Heb 2:7,9) • Psalm 2:7: Prophesy of Jesus as Son of God (baptism of Jesus) • Psalm 41:9: Prophesy of Judas Iscariot • Psalm 22: Prophesy of Jesus crucifixion (v. 1,7-8,18,30-31) • Psalm 118:22: Prophesy of Jesus as chief cornerstone • Psalm 72:6-17: Jesus life on earth • Psalm 103:17-18: The recipients of mercy

  11. Psalm • The book of Psalms is filled with instruction, prophesy, and prayer • The prayers and instruction are the prayers and instructions of some of the most faithful men of God • Prayers of praise • Prayers of thankfulness • Prayers seeking forgiveness & mercy • Prayers seeking guidance & protection • Instruction to trust in God in good times and in bad • Instruction to never leave God or take Him for granted