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Down Syndrome

Down Syndrome

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Down Syndrome

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  1. Down Syndrome

  2. What is Down Syndrome? • Down Syndrome is genetic condition where a person has 47 chromosomes instead of the usual 46 • Also known as Trisomy 21

  3. Characteristics • smaller and abnormally shaped head • excess skin at the neck • flat nose • single crease on palm • small ears and mouth

  4. Characteristics • upward/slanting eyes • wide/short hands and fingers • hearing and eye problems • slower physical development • poor muscle tone and loose ligaments • cognitive impairment (smaller brain)

  5. Cause • child inherits 3 copies of chromosome 21

  6. Problems in School • Social skills • Bullying • Focusing • Short-attention span • Need instructions repeated

  7. Teaching Modifications • Use various types of teaching methods • Give immediate feedback • Focus on the individual child • Learn first hand the needs and capabilities of each child • Develop an IEP • Talk to specialists in your school for suggestions.

  8. Suggestions to Parents • Encourage independence • Teach self care skills • Give chores/responsibility • Be patient and positive • Involve your child in activities (school, community, etc.) • Establish relationships with other parents who may also have a special needs child.

  9. How to Act • Treat them as you would anyone else • Be polite • Don’t go out of your way to talk • Put the person before the disability • Don’t handicap them by doing everything for them.

  10. Resources • www.ncbi.nlm.gov/pubmedhealth.com • http://nichcy.org/disability/specific/downsyndrome • Bowman-Kruhm, Everything You Need to Know About Down Syndrome