What is Down Syndrome? • Down Syndrome is genetic condition where a person has 47 chromosomes instead of the usual 46 • Also known as Trisomy 21
Characteristics • smaller and abnormally shaped head • excess skin at the neck • flat nose • single crease on palm • small ears and mouth
Characteristics • upward/slanting eyes • wide/short hands and fingers • hearing and eye problems • slower physical development • poor muscle tone and loose ligaments • cognitive impairment (smaller brain)
Cause • child inherits 3 copies of chromosome 21
Problems in School • Social skills • Bullying • Focusing • Short-attention span • Need instructions repeated
Teaching Modifications • Use various types of teaching methods • Give immediate feedback • Focus on the individual child • Learn first hand the needs and capabilities of each child • Develop an IEP • Talk to specialists in your school for suggestions.
Suggestions to Parents • Encourage independence • Teach self care skills • Give chores/responsibility • Be patient and positive • Involve your child in activities (school, community, etc.) • Establish relationships with other parents who may also have a special needs child.
How to Act • Treat them as you would anyone else • Be polite • Don’t go out of your way to talk • Put the person before the disability • Don’t handicap them by doing everything for them.
Resources • www.ncbi.nlm.gov/pubmedhealth.com • http://nichcy.org/disability/specific/downsyndrome • Bowman-Kruhm, Everything You Need to Know About Down Syndrome