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Introducing Windows Server 2008 R2

Introducing Windows Server 2008 R2

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Introducing Windows Server 2008 R2

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  1. Introducing Windows Server 2008 R2 Technical Overview

  2. Technology Investment Areas Virtualization Management Web Hyper-V™ with Live Migration Hot Add/Remove VM Storage Remote Desktop Services Power Management Windows PowerShell AD Administrative Center Best Practices Analyzer IIS 7.5 ASP .NET on Server Core Enhanced FTP and WebDAV Administration Modules & Cmdlets Solid Foundation for Enterprise Workloads Scalability and Reliability Better Together with Windows 7 256 Core Support Componentization Boot from SAN or VHD Support for Solid-state Devices File Classification Infrastructure DirectAccess™ BranchCache™ Enhanced Group Policies RemoteApp & Desktop Connections

  3. Virtualization

  4. Overview Virtualization in WS08R2: • Server virtualization with Hyper-V • Presentation virtualization with RDS

  5. Increasing AvailabilityLive Migration Virtual Machine Virtual Machine Memory Content Memory Sync Configuration Data Cluster Node 1 Cluster Node 2 User VHD Network Storage

  6. 64 Logical Processor Support • Overview • Provides Hyper-V the ability to utilizes up to 64 of the logical processor pool presented to Windows Server 2008 R2 • Benefits • Significantly increases host server density • Easily provide multiple processers per virtual machine

  7. VM Chimney (TCP Offload Support) • Overview • TCP/IP traffic in a VM can be offloaded to a physical NIC on the host computer. (disabled by default) • Benefits • Reduce CPU burden • Networking offload to improve performance • Live Migration is fully supported with Full TCP Offload • Cautions: • Not all applications benefit from Chimney • Works best for long-lived connections with large data transfers • Applications with pre-posted buffers • Chimney capable hardware supports a fixed number of offloaded connections – shared between all VMs

  8. Virtual Machine Queue (VMQ) • Overview • NIC can DMA packets directly into VM memory • VM Device buffer gets assigned to one of the queues • Avoids packet copies in the VSP • Avoids route lookup in the virtual switch (VMQ Queue ID) • Allows the NIC to essentially appear as multiple NICs on the physical host (queues) • Disabled by default • Benefits • Host no longer has device DMA data in its own buffer resulting in a shorter path length for I/O (performance gain)

  9. Processor Compatibility Mode • Overview • Allows Live Migration across different CPU versions within the same processor family (i.e. Intel-to-Intel and AMD-to-AMD). • Does NOT enable cross platform from Intel to AMD or vice versa. • Configure compatibility on a per-VM basis. • Abstracts the VM down to the lowest common denominator in terms of instruction sets available to the VM. • Benefits • Provides a great deal of migration flexibility within clusters. • Enables migration across a broader range of Hyper-V host hardware. • No specific hardware requirements needed.

  10. Streamlining Virtualization Management • Hyper-V Management Console • PowerShell command-line interface • System Center Virtual Machine Manager 2008

  11. Simplifying Deployment • Boot from .vhd • Enables pre-configuration of virtual and physical computers • Reduces the number of managed images • Simplifies test deployments VHD Boot

  12. Remote Desktop Services in R2 • RDS and VDI – An Integrated Solution • Single broker to connect users to sessions or virtual machines, out of the box solution for VDI scenarios with Hyper-V • Improving the User Experience • Experience rich multimedia, VoIP integration, aero glass remoting, true multi-monitor support • RemoteApp & Desktop Connections • Centrally hosted applications integrated into start menu, desktop, etc. Can personalize a non-work PC with work applications without installing them locally • Improved Management Tool Set • Reduce repetitive task with RDS Powershell support, improved application install, connection broker install & profile management • Platform Investments • Multiple levels of extensibility for custom partner solutions for Remote Desktop Services & VDI based solutions

  13. RDS & VDI – AnIntegrated Solution Remote App Servers Hyper-V-based Remote Desktops Authentication Client RemoteApp & Desktop Web Access Server Remote Desktop Gateway Server Remote Desktop Connection Broker

  14. Management

  15. Overview • Power management Streamlined administration • Windows PowerShell remote scenarios • PowerShell graphical interface • Extending Windows PowerShell scripts • AD & Identity management • Best Practice Analyzers

  16. Power Management 2.8 GHz Dual Core Processor • Core Parking • Adjusting P-states • Centralizedstorage P-State=0 Processor Core 1 Active Processor Core 2 Inactive Processor Core 1 Storage Area Network Processor Core 3 Inactive Processor Core 4 Inactive P-State=4 Processor Core 2

  17. Power SavingsWS03 vs. WS08 RTM vs. R2 Lower is better TPC-Eworkload

  18. New & Improved Consoles

  19. Remote PowerShell Scenarios • Fan-Out (1 to Many) • Send the script • Select properties – Allows you to specify which properties to bring back • Throttling – limits number of concurrent operations • Async support – Runs the command in background on client • Fan-In (Many to 1) • Hosting model • Share static data between sessions (eg: cmdlet metadata from snap-in) • Send progress information to client (eg: Connecting, Connected)

  20. The PowerShell Graphical Interfaces Out-GridView Graphical PowerShell Multi-tabbed interface Integrated development environment Syntax coloring

  21. Extending PowerShell Scripts • Advanced functions • Call .NET APIs • Improved debugging • Event log subscription • Write cmdlets in PowerShell script • Script translation • New cmdlets • Community site • Powershellcommunity.org

  22. AD & Identity Management • Active Directory server role enhancements • New forest functional level • Windows PowerShell management • Microsoft System Center Management Pack • Active Directory Administrative Center • Recycle Bin • Offline domain join • Managed service accounts • Active Directory Federated Services update • Authentication assurance

  23. Configuration Assurance • Integrated Best Practice Analyzer • Validates configuration information • Enhances infrastructure reliability • Improves compliance with service level agreements

  24. Solid Foundation for Enterprise Workloads Scalability and Reliability

  25. Overview • Performance & Scalability File Classification Infrastructure Failover Clustering Storage Performance Backup & Recovery

  26. Performance and Scalability 256 Logical Cores Reduced overhead via Server Core High performance storage

  27. Performance & Scalability • CPUs • Support for 256 Logical Processors (LP) • NUMA enhancements • System Topology APIs • Virtualization • Live Migration • SLAT support (NPT/SPT) • NUMA scheduling improvements • Power • Improved Processor Power Management Policies & additional optimization of Windows Server component power usage Reduced Memory Reduced Power Windows Server 2008 R2 Scale - 256 p Virtualization

  28. Performance & ScalabilityContinued… • Memory Footprint Reduction • General OS memory reductions • Reductions in non-paged memory • Trigger start of drivers and services • Wide Area Network • File copy improvements (per-file round trips reduced • Downloads: 5 (old) to 3 (new) • Uploads: 4 (old) to 3 (new)

  29. Scaling Improvements FSCT File Server Workload (16 core server) OLTP SQL Server Workload + 32% 1.7x scaling throughput throughput

  30. Document Management in the Box • Market Drivers • Policy Definition • File Classification Infrastructure • The FCI Ecosystem

  31. Customer challenges - cost and risk Storage growth Storage cost Compliance Security and Information leakage Increasing data management needs / many data management products

  32. Manage data based on business value • Step 1: • Classify data • Step 2: • Apply policy according to classification

  33. File Classification Infrastructure • Extensible infrastructure-Partner ecosystem • Inbox end to end scenarios • Integration with SharePoint Set classification properties API for external applications Get classification properties API for external applications Discover Data Extract classification properties Classify Data Store classification properties Apply Policy based on classification Windows Server 2008 R2 File Classification Extensibility points

  34. Ecosystem • Automatic classification • Location • Content • Owner • Other • Step 1: • Classify data • Step 2: • Apply policy based on classification IT Scripts Manual Line Of Business application Expiration Search Reports Backup Custom commands Archive Security Leakage prevention Inbox functionality Partner In house IT

  35. Componentization • The OS as Components • Install only what you need • Example: Server Core, Branch RoDC • Server = Kernel, TCP/IP & Security • Role = Active Directory Services • Features = BitLocker

  36. Cluster Shared Volumes Concurrent access to a single file system SAN VHD VHD VHD Single Volume

  37. Improvements in Recovery and Backup • Windows Server Backup • Recovering disk volumes using LUN Resynchronization • Integration with System Center Data Protection Manager 2007

  38. Improvements in Windows Server Backup • Backup specific files and folders. • Perform incremental backup of system state. • Perform scheduled backups to volumes. • Perform scheduled backups to network shared folders. • Manage backups by using PowerShell.

  39. Improvements in Full Volume Recovery • Comparison of LUN Resynchronization and Volume Shadow Copy Service • Comparison of LUN Resynchronization and LUN Swap • LUN Resynchronization benefits • Recovery using LUN Resynchronization

  40. New Security for DNS Services Windows Server 2008 R2’s new DNSsec feature: • Allows DNS Client to verify authenticity of DNS records • Create protected DNS zones in DNS Server • DNS Client can be Windows 7 or Windows Server 2008 R2 • DNS Server must be Windows Server 2008 R2

  41. LUN Resynchronization and Volume Shadow Copy Service

  42. LUN Resynchronization and LUN Swap

  43. LUN Resynchronization Benefits • Perform fast recovery of volumes • Reduce server workload while recovering volumes • Integrate with existing volume recovery methods • Compatibility with future operating systems

  44. Recovery Using LUN Resynchronization LUN Resynchronization Shadow Copy LUN ActiveLUN

  45. Better Together Solid Foundation for Enterprise Workloads

  46. Oveview • DirectAccess™ BranchCache™ Read-Only DFS for branch security Serving Up the Virtual Desktop Protection for Mobile Data

  47. DirectAccess™ • Remote access is now ubiquitous • Comprehensive anywhere access for Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2 • Seamless, always-on, secure connectivity; no separate client software required • Utilizes networking technologies already in Windows Server 2008 • No separate action required to connect to corpnet while remote. Corpnet is simply there. • Leverages policy-based network access • Enables desktop management regardless of client location.

  48. DirectAccess IPv4 Devices IPv6 Devices Support IPv4 via 6to4 transition services or NAT-PT IT desktop management DirectAccess provides transparent, secured access to intranet resources without a VPN Native IPv6 with IPSec Allows desktop management of DirectAccess clients AD Group Policy, NAP, software updates IPv6 Transition Services Supports direct connectivity to IPv6-based intranet resources DirectAccess Server Internet Supports variety of remote network protocols Allows IPSec encryption and authentication Windows 7 Client

  49. BranchCache™ • Reduces Wide Area Network (WAN) link utilization • Completely transparent to the user • Supports end-to-end encryption between clients and servers • HTTP, SMB and BITS protocols are optimized • Two deployment models: • Distributed mode • Hosted caching

  50. Improving Branch PerformanceDistributed Mode Second client downloads identifiers from main office server Client 1 Main Office Client 2 First client downloads data from main office server Branch Office Second client searches local network for data and downloads from first client