Chiasmus A verbal pattern (a type of antithesis) in where the second half of an expression is balanced against the first with the parts reversed. Just about the same as antimetabole.
Basically… • Take the first part of a sentence… • And flip it around to make a second part. • Easy? Lets find out
“I flee who chases me” “fair is foul” “you can take the girl out of the country” “and chase who flees me” “and foul is fair” “But you can’t take the country out of the girl” Chiasmus Examples
Paradise Lost Example • Dearer thy self then all; needs must the Power That made us, and for us this ample World Be infinitly good, and of his goodAs liberal and free as infinate, That rais’d us from the dust and plac’t us here In all this happiness, who at his hand
Periodic Sentence A long and frequently involved sentence, marked by suspended syntax, in which the overall point is not completed until the final word; usually with a climax.
Basically… • A sentence in which the main point is held up until the very end. • Add info in between the subject and your point. • The dun dun dun moment. • Questions?
Examples • Despite heavy winds and nearly impenetrable ground fog, the plane landed safely. • Though it was raining, cold and almost unbearable outside, both teams kept fighting for a win. • Want to make one?
Paradise Lost Example “Mee and Mandinde; I am to bruise his heel;His seed, which is not set, shall bruise myhead: A world who would not purchase with a bruise Or much more grievous pain? Ye have th’ account Of my performance: What remains, ye Gods, but up and enternow into full bliss.”
Resourses • http://grammar.about.com/od/pq/g/periodicsenterm.htm • Paradise Lost
Ready for your quiz? Part one Part two It’s the life in my men But what you can do for your country Although good, was inapplicable to my case. And winners never quit Not live to eat But her illness was not severe, and she recovered quickly. • One should eat to live • This advice • Quitters never win • Do not ask what your country can do for you • Elizabeth had caught scarlet fever • It’s not the men in my life