140 likes | 219 Vues
STUDY OF HEALTH & ITS AWARENESS IN LATE ADOLESCENTS (17, 18, 19 YEAR) IN AHMEDABAD. Dr. Vishal Kapadia II nd year, MD. Ped. KEM School of P.G., V. S., Ahmedabad. Under guidance of my teachers. Dr. S. H. Mansuri Dr. H. R. Chauhan Dr. A. Y. Vijapura. Dr. H. R. Parikh Dr. B. S. Prajapati
E N D
STUDY OF HEALTH & ITS AWARENESS IN LATE ADOLESCENTS (17, 18, 19 YEAR) IN AHMEDABAD Dr. Vishal Kapadia IInd year, MD. Ped. KEM School of P.G., V. S., Ahmedabad Under guidance of my teachers Dr. S. H. Mansuri Dr. H. R. Chauhan Dr. A. Y. Vijapura Dr. H. R. Parikh Dr. B. S. Prajapati Dr. Hetal Vora
WHY I SELECTED THIS STUDY • Adolescence is : • Period of rapid growth, their last chance to grow • Period of high physiological & mental stress being in transitionalperiod of life. • This is the age-group where intervention will be most fruitful because • The are enthusiastic & receptive to new ideas. • Will decide our future societies’ health & way of thinking • It includes mothers of near future so their nutrition and knowledge will decide our IMR, neonatal survival & ultimately healthy society. • In our country, this is not given due importance as compared tomorbidity and mortality in infant and pregnant women. In India it isdocumented that 2/3 adolescent females are below UNICEF Std. of Wt. = 45 kg and ht = 145 cm
AIMS • To study adolescent nutrition : • 1. Over weight 2. Under weight • To assess common medical problems and vices / addiction • To assess their knowledge regarding AIDS, safe sex and to know from where they got this information • Compare above 3 parameters in Educated - Under educated, Medical - nonmedical groups
METHOD & MATERIAL • This is a cross sectional study of 300 adolescents by personal interview • They were asked 20 questions and their weight & height measured. • They were in 3 groups. . Contd
METHOD & MATERIAL • They are in 3 groups : • Group I : Medical & paramedical students • Number : 100 (Male 50 : Female 50) • Includes : • I, IInd year U. G. Students studying in NHL Medical College • Physiotherapy students studying in V.S. • Nursing students studying in L. G. Hospital • Group II : Educated , Non medical adolescents • Number : 100 (Male 50 : Female 50) • Bcom students : HA commerce College • Arts students : L.D. arts • Group III : Adolescents with poor S/E status & less than secondary education • Number : 100 (Male 50 : Female 50) • Attending OPD of L. G. Hospital Ped Dep. & V. S. Hosp Ped dep as pt or accompanies of pt
Ideal BMI : 18.5 - 25 40% <18.5 = Underweight 38% <13 = Severely malnourished 12% >25 = Overweight 22% > 30 = Grossly obese 3% 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Underweight Severely Malnourished Ideal BMI OverWeight Obese RESULTS 40% 38% 22% 12% 3%
RESULTS 60% 40% 68% 28% 22% 28% 24% 30% 20% 6% 10% 5% 3% 1% 0% Group I :Medical & paramedical Group II : Educated & Nonmedical Group III :Poor S/E & Less educated
Among Overweight : • Watching television / computer > 8 hr / day 80% • None daily exercise 60% • Taking Junkfood > 3 times / wk 83% • Underweight were • 80% of underwt were girl • 50% of underwt were from poor SIE status, taking poor diet • 30% of underwt were dieting.
Common medical problems theyhave / had between 10-19 year 60% 30% 15% 15% 15% • Any vices like smoking / alcoholism / Tobacco • Total 13 % • Medical & Paramedical 11% • Educated - Nonmedical 12% • Poor S/E - Poorly educated 14% • 98% of study population had no idea & had not taken adolescentimmunization. • 93% of adolescent females were either not sure or notvaccinated with MMR vaccine.
KNOWLEDGE REGARDING AIDS WAS ASSESSED 1. What is AIDS ? 2. How it occurs ? 3. Can you acquire AIDS ? 4. How can you prevent it ? What is safe sex ? 55% had no idea regarding AIDS & safe sex. Knew Not knew Medical & Paramedical 80% 20% Educated -Nonmedical 60% 40%Poor S/E & Poor education 20% 80% 45% 55%
FROM WHERE YOU HAVE GOT OR WHATCONTRIBUTED TO YOUR INFORMATION REGARDING SEX None had received formal sex education Adolescent Health Friendly Clinic If an AHFC is started where your common medical problems, sexual problems & nutrition will be discussed OR Teen Club : Which will conduct social programmes regarding same 93% agreed to be registered in both 90% 90% 90% 10% 0%
CONCLUSION • 60% adolescents are having some nutritional disorder.Thus it is highly prevalent but not yet recognized. • 70% adolescent females are not reaching UNICEF Std. • Underweight (38% in total) more prevalent in poor S/E class (68%) & major factors being girl child, poor diet, dieting • Overweight (22% in total) more prevalent in affluent class major factors being lack of daily exercise, excess of junkfood & TV / Computer watching in excess. • 55% adolescents have no idea regarding today’s modern pandemic AIDS
SUGGESTIONS • It is need of this era to concentrate onadolescents. • Start maintaining record of adolescentnutrition & adolescent health card. • To start AHFC / Teen clubs.
Thank You NEBULA GRAPHIC