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Section 2-Polling Question

Section 2-Polling Question

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Section 2-Polling Question

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Presentation Transcript

  1. Section 2-Polling Question • A • B • C What is your favorite way to travel? A.By car B.By boat C.By plane

  2. Chapter 10 Growth and Expansion (1790-1825) Section 2 Westward Bound

  3. Essential Question How did land and water transportation affect westward expansion? • How did land and water transportation affect westward expansion

  4. Moving West • The first census in the US took place in 1790 • It revealed a population of almost 4 million • Most lived a few hundred miles from the Atlantic coast • Within a few decades this changed settlers moved farther west • 1820 census- population of about 10 million people (2 million west of the Appalachians) • The trip west was not easy, the trip from New York City to Buffalo could take as long as 3 weeks

  5. Roads and Turnpikes • The nation needed good roads for trade • Private companies built turnpikes (toll roads) • Most roads had a crushed stone base • The land was muddy in some areas, so companies built “corduroy roads” • Ohio asked the federal government to create a road to connect it with the east • 1806- Congress approved funds for a national road • Went from Baltimore, MD to Vandalia, Illinois (Through Columbus, Ohio)

  6. Section 2 • A • B • C • D What territory became a state in 1803? A.Indiana B.Louisiana C.Michigan D.Ohio

  7. River Travel • Had advantages over travel by wagon and horse • More comfortable • Boats could carry more • River travel had two problems • 1. Most major rivers in the region flowed in a north-south direction • 2. Traveling upstream by barge against the current was extremely difficult and slow

  8. Steam Engines • Were used in the 1780s and 1790s to power boats in quiet waters • Early boats could not go against currents • Robert Fulton developed a powerful steamboat to carry cargo and passengers up the Hudson River • 1807- Fulton’s steamboat, the Clermont, made the 150 mile trip from New York City to Albany • In 32 hours • With sails it would have taken 4 days

  9. Steamboats • Started a new age in river travel • Shipping goods became cheaper and faster • Regular steamboat service started along the Mississippi River • Steamboats contributed to the growth of river cities like Cincinnati and St. Louis • By 1850 there were some 700 steamboats carrying cargo and passengers in the US

  10. Canals • Steamboat routes depended on existing rivers • Steamboats could not tie together the eastern and western parts of the country • De Witt Clinton developed a plan to link New York City with the Great Lakes region • The plan was to built a canal across New York state • Would connect Albany on the Hudson River with Buffalo on Lake Erie

  11. Section 2 • A • B • C • D Why was the Erie Canal necessary? A.The French and Spanish prevented travel on the Mississippi River. B.Steamboats were unable to travel upstream to northern cities. C.Most major rivers in the eastern United States flowed north to south. D.Native Americans prevented travel on the National Road.

  12. Building the Erie Canal • Thousands of laborers (Many Irish immigrants) worked on the construction of the 363 mile Erie Canal • A series of locks were built • Could raise and lower boats at places canal levels changed • Many dangers were involved in building the canals • After more than two years, the Erie Canal open on October 26, 1825 • Clinton boarded a barge in Buffalo and traveled to Albany • Then down the Hudson to New York City

  13. Improving Canal Travel • Steamboats could not travel on the Erie Canal in the early years • The powerful engines could damage the earthen embankments • Instead, teams of mules or horses hauled the boats and barges • This was still faster than wagon • 1840s- The canal banks were reinforced to accommodate steam tugboats that could pull the barges • More canals were then built • By 1850- there were more than 3,600 miles of canals • Canals lowered the cost of shipping and linked the regions of the growing country

  14. Western Settlement • Between 1816 and 1821, 5 new western states were created • Indiana, Illinois, Mississippi, Alabama, and Missouri • There was a rapid growth of population west of the Appalachian Mountains • Families settled in communities near rivers • Families gathered together for social events • Men wrestled, women quilted • Families gathered for cornhusking • American population continued to spread westward

  15. Section 2 • A • B • C • D Why did pioneer families tend to setting in communities along major rivers? A.To gain greater protection from Native Americans B.To make it easier for them to travel east C.Because they provided fresh drinking water D.So that they could more easily ship their crops to market

  16. Essential Question How did land and water transportation affect westward expansion? 1. Better roads allowed easier travel and cheaper shipping 2. Steamboats brought cheaper and faster shipping and spurred the growth of river cities 3. The Erie Canal and other canals made shipping cheaper, encouraged the growth of towns, and united the country • How did land and water transportation affect westward expansion • 1. Better roads allowed easier travel and cheaper shipping • 2. Steamboats brought cheaper and faster shipping and spurred the growth of river cities • 3. The Erie Canal and other canals made shipping cheaper, encouraged the growth of towns, and united the country

  17. Westward travelers paid tolls to private companies in order to use sections of roads that had been laid with crushed stone or logs. • True • False

  18. Though steamboats made the shipping of goods cheaper and faster, they also caused a loss of business to river cities such as Cincinnati and St. Louis. • True • False

  19. Canals lowered the cost of shipping goods, united the growing country across great distances, and brought prosperity to towns along their routes. • True • False

  20. The National Road went as far west as • Mansfield, Ohio • Cincinnati, Ohio • Vandalia, Illinois • Indianapolis, Indiana

  21. Pioneer families tended to settle in communities • Far from others • Near the sea • Along the rivers • On railroads

  22. Participant Scores

  23. Team Scores