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Module 3: Domestic Heating/MMA Welding Unit 2 – Domestic Heating Systems Duration – 10 Hours PowerPoint Presentation
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Module 3: Domestic Heating/MMA Welding Unit 2 – Domestic Heating Systems Duration – 10 Hours

Module 3: Domestic Heating/MMA Welding Unit 2 – Domestic Heating Systems Duration – 10 Hours

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Module 3: Domestic Heating/MMA Welding Unit 2 – Domestic Heating Systems Duration – 10 Hours

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  1. Module 3: • Domestic Heating/MMA Welding • Unit 2 – Domestic Heating Systems • Duration – 10 Hours

  2. In unit 2 we learn how to: • Describe the working principles and types of domestic heating systems. • List the basic components of domestic heating systems and describe their function. • List common and alternative sources of heat energy. • Draw schematic representations of domestic heating systems.

  3. Key Learning Points • Rk Principles of domestic heating systems. • Rk Types of heating systems. • Rk Components of heating systems. • Rk Pipework layout. • D Drawing of domestic heating systems. • RkLocation and function of safety valves. Location and function of vent pipe, cold feed pipe. • Rk Primary flow and return pipework, cylinders. • Sc Gravity circulation. • Rk Fully pumped circulation. • Rk Function, location, components of circulation pumps. • Rk Types of radiators and radiator valves. • Sc Heat transfer in heating systems. • P Filling arrangement for sealed systems. • Rk Function, location, size of expansion vessel in sealed systems. • Rk Sources of heat energy, solid fuel, gas, oil. • Rk Alternative sources of energy • P Communication.

  4. Wet Central Heating Fire Extinguishers • Pipework Problems • Sealed Systems • Boiler Types

  5. Operator Protection • No open-neck shirts;Ultra-violet rays will burn the skin. It is most definitely not similar to sun tanning. • Regulation inflammable overalls only;Arc-welding produces large amounts of hot sparks which will set flammable clothing alight. • No trainers/runners to be worn;The steel metal plate used are heavy and sharp. Wear steel toe-cap boots. • Overalls not around waist;Sparks will set casual tops alight • Always wear protective clothing;Arc-welding produces heat, glare, sparks, ultra-violet & infra-red rays and harmful fumes. Welding gauntlets must be worn at all times. Face masks are designed to deflect fumes and should therefore be held close to the face. Gas welding goggles will not afford protection for the face against the light intensity or the radiation and must not be used. Shade 11 EW filters are required in the face mask for manual metal arc welding. Always wear protective goggles when chipping slag.

  6. Basic Pipework Layouts Gravity Circuit

  7. Gravity Hot Water and Pumped Central Heating

  8. Fully Pumped DHW and CH System

  9. Cow Feed and Open Vent Positions

  10. Cold Feed and Open Vent

  11. Feed and Vent Pipes as Part of the Heating Circuit

  12. Close Coupled Systems

  13. Position of the Pump - Negative, Positive, Neutral

  14. Pump on Return

  15. Pump on Return/Cold Feed on Pump Inlet

  16. Fully Pumped System

  17. Open Vent as Part of the System

  18. High Resistance Boiler

  19. Close Coupled System

  20. Removal of Air from the System

  21. Single Pipe Heating Circuits

  22. Two Pipe Heating Circuits

  23. Minibore or Microbore System

  24. Heat Emitters • Radiators • Convectors

  25. Radiator Controls • Lockshield • Customer Control

  26. Thermostatic Radiator Valve (TRV)

  27. Possible Radiator Problems • Reverse Circulation

  28. Possible Radiator Problems..continued • Commoned Returns

  29. Sealed Or Pressurised Systems • Typical Sealed System

  30. Expansion of Heated Water

  31. Interlinking of Solid Fuel to Automatic Boiler

  32. Pressure and Temperature Safeguards • Pressure Release Valve & Discharge Pipe

  33. Filling and Maintaining the System Water • Temporary Filling Loop

  34. Maintaining the Water Level • Automatic Top Up Bottle

  35. Common Problems • Temporary Filling Loop • Checking and Recharging Expansion Vessels • Overfilling a System • Defective Expansion Vessel

  36. Domestic Central Heating Main Equipment • The main equipment required in a domestic heating system consists of: • A Boiler • An Indirect Cylinder • A Feed and Expansion Cistern or Expansion Vessel • A Circulating Pump • Radiators

  37. Domestic Central Heating Systems • The are two main types of domestic central heating systems: • The Open Vent System - This system incorporates a feed and expansion cistern, vent pipe, and cold feed. • The Sealed System - In this system the expansion of water is taken up by an expansion vessel.

  38. The Open Vent System • The basic equipment in an open vent system: Feed & Expansion Cistern Indirect Hot Water Storage Cylinder Boiler

  39. Cold Feed to the Heating System Standard Gate Valve

  40. Primary Flow to the Cylinder

  41. Open Vent or Expansion Pipe

  42. Primary Return

  43. Radiators Radiators

  44. Radiator Valves • Each radiator is fitted with two valves: • A Handwheel valve on the flow • A Lockshield valve on the return Handwheel Radiator Valve (Flow) Lockshield Radiator Valve (Return)

  45. The One Pipe System of Central Heating Ring Main Circuit Flow Return

  46. The One Pipe System of Central Heating

  47. Pump, Safety Valve, and Drain Cock Safety Valve Pump Drain

  48. The Two Pipe Heating System of Central Heating Flow

  49. The Two Pipe Heating System of Central Heating Return Flow Return

  50. The One Pipe System of Central Heating • Advantages: • Only one pipe is necessary to convey hot water to the radiators • Cheap to install • Disadvantages: • Hot water passing through the first radiator is cooled and returns to the main flow pipe • This water then supplies the next radiator and has the effect of producing a lower temperature • Only suitable for small single storey buildings