Chernozem: (black earth) World’s most fertile soil 75% of Russia’s population lives here Stretches 1,000 miles Chernozem
The mountain ranges that separate the Northern European and West Siberian Plains; the dividing line between Europe and Asia Ural Mountains
Includes the countries: Armenia, Georgia, & Azerbaijan Transcaucasia Central Asia Countries Kazakhstan Uzbekistan Kyrgyzstan Tajikistan Turkmenistan Caucasus Mtns.
Europe Eurasia Eurasia Asia the combined continent of Europe & Asia Africa Australia
Siberia the part of Russia that lies on the continent of Asia
Caspian Sea Saltwater Lake Rivers & Lakes Volga River Longest in European continent Lake Baikal Aral Sea
Coal Oil Hydroelectric Power Dense Forests Resources
Siberia --> Permafrost • Average temperatures of January vary from 0 to -50°C, and in July from 1 to 25°C • 150,000,000 population. • A former “gulag” Soviet prison camp.
Lake Baikal, Siberia • The oldest and deepest lake in the world. • 20% of the world’s total unfrozen water supply.
Major Regional Divisions of the Former U. S. S. R. Chernozen Soil
Section Two: Climate and Vegetation
Vegetation Regions in Russia Tundra Forest Steppe Desert
TAIGA Largest forest on the earth; lies south of the Arctic Circle in Eurasia. The taiga contains primarily coniferous (cone bearing) trees.
Section Three: Human Environment Interaction
The Russian Winter As cold as -90 degrees The Russian Summer As hot at 94 degrees
5,700 miles long Crosses 7 time zones Connects Moscow to Vladivostok Trans-Siberian Railroad
Trans-Siberian Railroad • Completed in 1905.
Trans-Siberian Railroad • The main line runs 5,785 miles.
Estonia,Latvia, andLithuania, located on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea Baltic Republics
Republics • Armenia • Georgia • Azerbaijan • Gateway between Europe and Asia • Trade routes through the Black Sea
Religion Georgia Armenia Azerbaijan Two of the oldest Christian countries in the world Converted to Islam in the 7th century by invaders
Invaders Rule • Czarist Rule: • 1723 • Control of Azerbaijan • 1801 • Control of Georgia • 1828 • Control of Armenia • Soviet Rule: • 1920s • Red Army takes control of Transcaucasia
Economy Georgia Grapes for wine Azerbaijan Armenia Oil Tea
Republics • Kazakhstan • Kyrgyzstan • Turkmenistan • Tajikistan • Uzbekistan These countries were on the SILK ROAD trading route.
The Great Game Russia wins control of the region in 1920 and remains in control until 1991. A struggle between the British Empire and the Russian Empire for control of Central Asia in the 19th century.
The "NEW" Great Game 1949-1989 Nuclear Testing in this region caused increase in leukemia, thyroid cancer, birth defects, and mental illness. Nations all over the world are beginning to compete for profits from the region’s newly discovered oil resources.
The emperor of Russia prior to the Russian Revolution of 1917 and the subsequent creation of the Soviet Union in 1922. Czar One of Russia’s most famous Czars was Peter the Great.
The revolt of 1917, in which the Russian Communist Party, led by V.I. Lenin, took control of the government from the czars. Russian Revolution V.I. Lenin, leader of the Communist Party.
USSR the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, or Soviet Union, formed in 1922 by the Communists and officially dissolved in 1991.
the conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union after World War II, called “cold” because it never escalated into open warfare Cold War Can you identify the men in this photo collage?
A type of economic system in which production of goods and services is determined by a central government, which usually owns the means of production. Also called a planned economy. Command Economy
CHECHNYA + Remained a part of Russia after the collapse of the Soviet Union + Has experienced more violence than any other republic + Chechnya declared independence from Russia and so Russia invaded them leading to 100,000 casualties in the 1990’s
Privatization The selling of government owned business to private citizens
A term referring to the concept that increasing distances between places tend to reduce interaction among them. Distance Decay