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MARINE RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURE Need for a better information and co-ordination Rudy L. Herman Science and Innovation Administration Ministry of Flanders, Belgium EUROCEAN2004- Plenary session 11 May 2004
Marine Research Infrastructures • Research vessels • Research submersibles and unmanned vehicles • Research aircraft • Moored instruments • Tide gauges • Lagrangian observations facilities • Marine observatories/ • Satellite Oceanography Centres • Numerical modelling centres • Ships of Opportunity • DATA & INFORMATION CENTRES ± 50% RTD-budget
MARINE INFRASTRUCTURES (under FP5) Access to South European Finfish Aquaculture Facilities (FR) Institute of Aquaculture (UK) Trondheim marine systems (NO) Kristineberg Marine Research Station (SE) Bergen Marine Food Chain Research Infrastructure (NO) Analysis of marine sediments for paleo-environmental studies (DE) CALYPSO, Giant Sediment Cores and Support (FR) European Access to Sea Floor Survey Systems (UK) GEOMAR (DE) Marine Environment Tests and Research Infrastructure (METRI) (FR) SINTEF Multiphase Flow Laboratory (NO) Major research infrastructure of WL/DELFT hydraulics (NL)
European activities aiming at a more coherent and synergistic use of marine research infrastructure • the barter system of the Marine Facilities Tripartite Group (MFTG) that facilitates the sharing of German, French, Dutch and UK marine facilities (established 1996) • ESF European Research Vessel Operators group, to encourage adoption of standardised operational procedures (established 2000) • ESF Oceanographic Vessel Operators group, to exchange information and best practise in operational procedures (established 1999) • EuroGOOS, association of 31 agencies, founded in 1994, to further the development of Operational Oceanography in the European Sea areas and adjacent oceans • the EU Marine XML project to improve the interoperability of data for the marine community and specifically in support of marine observing systems • the European information Centre for Marine Science and Technology, EurOcean, an information centre to encourage communication and cooperation between European organisations • ECORD, the European Consortium for maximizing European countries’ participation in the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) and providing the program with drilling platforms fit to individual missions • European Union 6th Framework Programme support for Transnational Access and Integrating Activities (e.g. BONUS, ECORD, MARBEF, Marine Genomics, CARBOCEAN, HERMES, IPY-CARE)
Marine Research Infrastructure e-conference • 26 till 30 April 2004 • ARE WE ON THE RIGHT TRACK? • Bottom up approach: what does the Marine Scientific • Community expects. • Rationalisation of information. Optimise by integration of information and avoid duplication. • New technologies: What could be expected from new technologies + their needs for information, data management and products & services? • 189 registered participant 57 contributions • 35 countries (21 EU member states)
RESULTS from the MRI e-conference • ANSWER to the initial question : Yes, we are on the right track. • The new funding instruments are very suitable to meet MRI requirements, since all of them are based on an integrating approach. They can play a key role in the design, standardization and development of new MRI. • Small research vessels are very important and specific infrastructure facilities in marine science. They could be operated by preference at a regional scale. Criteria to meet a number of standards need to be developed at a pan-EU scale. • Coastal research stations can and should be revaluated. • Issues related to long term monitoring (for coastal as well as for the deep ocean) should be dealt with: requirements for new technology, installation, maintenance, long term financing, data management and exchange.
RESULTS from the MRI e-conference (cont.) • Integration of MRI in the communication strategy towards education and the public at large is recommended. • Human resources are part of the marine 'infrastructures'. Attracting young scientists in marine science is essential. • Better management of information is required for: • 1) sharing knowledge and experience efficiently; • 2) developing scientific dialog across countries and continents. • Integration of information, data and services revealed the need for a single platform, overarching the initiatives within the new instruments
GLOBAL M&OSC EUROPEAN MARINE RESEARCH AREA STRATEGY & SCIENCE PLAN ERA-NET REGIONAL POLICY & SCIENCE ERA-NET REGIONAL DRIVEN ERA-NET PAN-EUROPEAN SHARING INTEGRATION & KNOWLEDGE EXPERIENCES NoE THEMATIC SCIENCE & POLICY NoE PAN-EUROPEAN DRIVEN IP STREP CA SSA AWARENESS BUILDING SHARING INTEGRATION & INFORMATION DATA STAKEHOLDERS
Cruise programmes cruises 2003 cruises 2004 RV BELGICA (B) RV LUCTOR (NL) RV ZEELEEUW (B)
Cruise track Contact PI
Information on the PI and the research group and his/her publications
Technology: way to go • Distributed databases!? • DiGIR: Distributed Generic Information Retrieval • Every ship operator maintains own • database, makes limited number of fields • available in common standard format • Operates over WWW, makes use of XML • Used by biological community: GBIF, OBIS
Schematic representation of DiGIR principlesSchema stolen from Stan Blum, Taxonomic Databases Working Group
Co-operation with Development Countries IOC:TEMA & OSP
GLOBAL M&OSC EUROPEAN MARINE RESEARCH AREA STRATEGY & SCIENCE PLAN ERA-NET REGIONAL POLICY & SCIENCE ERA-NET REGIONAL DRIVEN ERA-NET PAN-EUROPEAN SHARING INTEGRATION & KNOWLEDGE EXPERIENCES EDUCATION and Training NoE THEMATIC SCIENCE & POLICY NoE PAN-EUROPEAN DRIVEN IP STREP CA SSA AWARENESS BUILDING SHARING INTEGRATION & INFORMATION DATA STAKEHOLDERS Larger Public
Conclusions and Recommendations • For FP7 and beyond. • The FP6 instruments – after stabilisation - are very suitable for the design, evolving standardisation and development of MRI. • Criteria to meet a number of technical standards for small Research Vessels • need to be developed at a pan-European scale. • Coastal stations should be revaluated • Integration of MRI in the communication strategy towards education and the public at large is strongly recommended. • Human resources are part of the marine 'infrastructures'. • Attracting young scientists in marine science is essential. • Better management of information is required for: • 1) sharing knowledge and experience efficiently; • 2) developing scientific dialogue across countries and continents. • Integration of information, data and services revealed the need for a single platform, overarching the initiatives within the new instruments
Special thanks to: Jan Mees, Laurent d’Ozouville, Edward Vanden Berghe Ward Appeltans (MRI e-conference board manager) and the participants of the MRI e-conference for their valuable contributions THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION