200 likes | 330 Vues
Unit 2 - Colonial Dissatisfaction & The American Revolution, 1754 – 1783 APUSH Mrs. Baker. The French and Indian War: 1756 to 1763. Was 1763 a “turning point” in British-Colonial relationships?. North America in 1750. The First Clash (1754). The Ohio River Valley.
E N D
Unit 2 - Colonial Dissatisfaction & The American Revolution, 1754 – 1783 APUSH Mrs. Baker The French and Indian War:1756 to 1763
Was 1763 a “turning point” in British-Colonial relationships?
The First Clash (1754) The Ohio River Valley
Albany Plan of Union (1754) • Key Player – Benjamin Franklin • What as the purpose of the Albany Congress? • Why did the Albany Congress and the plan for unification fail?
General Edward Braddock • Braddock attempts to evict the French from the Ohio Valley and Canada • Newfoundland & Nova Scotia • Attacks Ohio Valley, Mohawk Valley, and Acadia • Braddock is killed 10 miles outside of Fort Duquesne • Remainder of troops were demoralized by 1500 French and Indian forces. • Only British success = the expulsion of France from Louisiana Territory • Forced to migrate to territory around modern day New Orleans • Became known as Cajuns British Attempts to eliminate French presence in North America
1756 War is Formally Declared
Understood colonial concerns • Offered colonials a compromise: • Colonial loyalty and military cooperation = British would reimburse colonial assemblies for their costs. • Lord Loudoun would be removed • Commander-in-Chief and Governor of Virginia • Results: • Colonial morale increased by 1758 William Pitt Become Foreign Minister
France cedes major North American holdings to Britain. Spain gave Florida to British Spain receives all French lands west of the Mississippi River and New Orleans Britain got all French lands in Canada, and exclusive rights to Caribbean slave trade Treaty of Paris (1763)
Increased colonial empire in the Americas • Enlarged England’s debt • Britain’s contempt for the colonials created bitter feelings. • Resulted in: • English reorganization of the American Empire Effects of the War on Britain
War united them against a common enemy for the first time. Created a socializing experience for all the colonials who participated Created bitter feelings towards the British that would only intensify Effects of the War on the American Colonials
The Aftermath:Tensions Along the Frontier Pontiac’s Rebellion (1763)
The Result of Pontiac’s Rebellion Proclamation line of 1763 Why was this British action highly controversial to American colonists?
What is to come in the post 1763 American Colonies? The people, even to the lowest ranks, have become more attentive to their liberties, more inquisitive about them, and more determined to defend them than they were ever before known or had occasion to be. John Adams, 1765 What does this mean for the relationship between Britain and its colonies?
Class Discussion Was 1763 a “turning point” in British-Colonial relationships?