POP ART ANDY WARHOL AND FRIENDS
Abstract Expressionism • Pollock’s Legacy – Pictures of Nothing: Abstract Art Since Pollock by Kirk Varnedoe • Critic Clement Greenberg said that Pollock advanced the line of abstraction’s logical progress toward its supposedly destined goal of expressing the essential visual qualities of painting without any extraneous literary content. • Introduction of painting as an art object
Abstract Expressionism • A painting movement in which artists typically applied paint rapidly, and with force to their huge canvases in an effort to show feelings and emotions, painting gesturally, non-geometrically, sometimes applying paint with large brushes, sometimes dripping or even throwing it onto canvas. Their work is characterized by a strong dependence on what appears to be accident and chance, but which is actually highly planned. Some Abstract Expressionist artists were concerned with adopting a peaceful and mystical approach to a purely abstract image. Usually there was no effort to represent subject matter. Not all work was abstract, nor was all work expressive, but it was generally believed that the spontaneity of the artists' approach to their work would draw from and release the creativity of their unconscious minds. The expressive method of painting was often considered as important as the painting itself.
Abstract Expressionism • Very male • Hard drinking men looking to find a way to express themselves through paint in a feminine world • 1940s - WWII • Popular 1950s – Post-WWII • 1958 • Jasper Johns and Robert Rauschenberg have a show in NYC
Terms • Avant-garde • the advance group in any field, esp. in the visual, literary, or musical arts, whose works are characterized chiefly by unorthodox and experimental methods. • Vernacular • using plain, everyday, ordinary language
Pop Art • An art movement and style that had its origins in England in the 1950s and made its way to the United States during the 1960s. Pop artists have focused attention upon familiar images of the popular culture such as billboards, comic strips, magazine advertisements, and supermarket products.
Pop Art • In Britain 1950s • The Independent Group • Sir Eduardo Paolozzi • John McHale • Focused on popular culture images
Pop Art • In the US 1960s • Jasper Johns and Robert Rauschenberg • NYC show
Pop Artists • Jasper Johns
White Flag • Jasper Johns White Flag - Pictures of Nothing: Abstract Art Since Pollock by Kirk Varnedoe • Started countercurrent to abstraction • Advent of pop art • New imagery or return to real • Revival of Duchamp and Dada
Lichtenstein actually painted the dot patterns and speech balloons from comic books and newspaper reproductions, in large, meticulously rendered frames. He also introduced much needed humor, making fun of himself and the art world.
Other Key Players • Ivan Carp and Leo Castelli
Andy Warhol reveled in the indirect process of printmaking that simulated mass production. He frequently used photographic silkscreen techniques to give a mechanical look, removed from the personal touch of artist’s own hand. His studio, “The Factory,” as he referred to it, often included numerous assistants. His works present a sort of portrait of America in the sixties- products, people and symbols in a cool and detached view. The question never answered by Warhol is whether he was criticizing or celebrating popular culture.
Silkscreening Process • http://warhol.org/interactive/silkscreen/main.html
Warhol Films "In the future everyone will be famous for fifteen minutes."