Deportations Jews were deported to six camps. Chelmo, Treblinka, Sobibor, Belzec, Auschwitz, and Majdanek. July 15, 1942: Deportations from Netherlands started. July 22, 1942: Warsaw Jews deported to Treblinka killing center. May 15, 1944: Deportations from Hungary Begin.
Auschwitz The largest concentration camp bulit by the Nazis. More than one million Jews died in Auschwitz. 500 people housed in one barrack. Each barrack had only 36 bunk beds. Most prisoners at Auschwitz only survived for a few weeks. Auschwitz had three parts to it, Auschwitz I,II, and III. • May 20, 1940: Auschwitz I opened. • October 8, 1941: Construction on Auschwitz II began. • October 1942: Auschwitz III opened. • January 27, 1945: Soviet Army invaded Auschwitz and shut it down.
Life in the Ghettos ~ (Jewish Ghettos) • Ghettos –different than commonly known American ghettos- in result of forced relocation of large Jewish populations condensed into very small portions of neighborhoods. In these ghettos there was very little food, shelter, and clothing. Tens of thousands died from illness, the cold, starvation, and suicide. Even education wasn't allowed in the Ghettos.
The Wannsee Conference: The Final Solution • Took place on January 20, 1942 A meeting of fifteen German government leaders deliberately planned mass genocide of European Jews. From a vast area of Poland and other countries in Eastern Europe Important Dates: • September 3, 1941- Hitler had authorized the Reich Railroads to transport Jews to German-occupied Poland and the German-occupied Soviet Union, where Germans would kill almost all of them.
Ghettos in Poland • Millions of Jews lived in eastern Europe. The Germans aimed to control this sizable Jewish population by forcing Jews to reside in marked-off sections of towns and cities the Nazis called “ghettos” or “Jewish residential quarters.” The Germans created at least 1,000 ghettos in occupied territories. The largest ghetto was in Warsaw. • On October 12, 1940, Warsaw Jews ordered into ghetto. The Warsaw ghetto is the largest of the ghettos in both area and populations. • On April 19, 1943, Jewish fighters resist Germans in Warsaw ghetto. The Germans set fire to the ghetto to force the population into the open. On May 16, 1943, the battle was over. • On July 22, 1942, Warsaw Jews deported to Treblinka killing center. They are crowded into freight cars, but the majority of the deportees are killed upon arrival in Treblinka.