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Wisconsin’s Public Pool and Water Attraction Program: “The New Pool Code” PowerPoint Presentation
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Wisconsin’s Public Pool and Water Attraction Program: “The New Pool Code”

Wisconsin’s Public Pool and Water Attraction Program: “The New Pool Code”

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Wisconsin’s Public Pool and Water Attraction Program: “The New Pool Code”

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  1. Wisconsin’s Public Pool and Water Attraction Program:“The New Pool Code” David W. Pluymers, MSTHA, RS Program Manager – Recreational Waters/ Recreational and Educational Camps Wisconsin Division of Public Health

  2. The New “Pool Code” • Almost 5 years in the making. • Published in August 2007 and will go into effect on February 1, 2008. • New focus on public pools and water attractions. • Improvements based on research, new designs, new science and engineering. • It’s not just rectangular swimming pools anymore.

  3. The Rulemaking Process Agency [DHFS] Notice of Intent: • “Scope Statement” Published on 11/29/2002 Updated on 6/18/2003

  4. The Rulemaking Process Comment Period on Proposed Rules: • “Public Hearing Notice” Published on 7/7/2006 • “Clearinghouse Review of Rule” Published on 8/1/2006 Public Hearings: • Madison on 8/9/2006 • Wausau on 8/10/2006

  5. The Rulemaking Process Rules Sent to the Legislature: • “Report to the Legislature” Published on 3/28/2007 • “Final Proposed Rulemaking Order” Published on 3/28/07

  6. The Rulemaking Process The HFS 172 Code Committee: • Todd Winkler, Wisconsin Innkeepers Association, owner of Holiday Inns • Tom Carrico, Carrico Aquatic Resources, commercial pool industry • Bob Kappel, Neuman Pools Representative, commercial pool industry • Jason Hammond, Family Land Water Park • Don Lauritzen, American Red Cross • Lynita Docken, Department of Commerce • Todd Drew, Menasha Health Department • Steve Todd, Waukesha County Health Department • Duane Jackson, Madison City Health Department • Dave Krey, Milwaukee Health Department • Mary Ellen Bruesch, Communicable Disease Sect., Milwaukee Health Dept. • Tracynda Davis, Department of Health & Family Services

  7. Reasons for the Rule Change • Current HFS 172 was last revised in 1989. • Significant changes in the water recreation industry in 18 – 19 years. • New code addresses many new pool and water attraction types. • New code allows sufficient flexibility for the development of new water attraction features. • Department of Commerce stopped inspecting water slides in May 2003 (Comm 34).

  8. One Program – Two Agencies

  9. Wisconsin Division of Public Health Department of Health and Family Services (DHFS) Division of Public Health Bureau of Environmental and Occupational Health Regional Offices Food Safety and Recreational Licensing Section (Inspectors) (Program Manager)

  10. State & Local Jurisdictions • Wisconsin Statute 250.03(1)(b): The department [DHFS] shall serve as the state lead agency for public health. • WI Statute 254.015 (Environmental Health): The department [DHFS] may designate a local health department to carry out a function of the department

  11. Terminology - Pools • Pool: a structure, basin, chamber or tank used for wading, swimming, diving, water recreation or therapy. • Public Swimming Pool: pool or mobile pool serving or installed at a political subdivision (government), motel, hotel, tourist rooming house, B&B, campground, resort, camp, club, association, housing development, school, organization (religious, charitable, youth), or institution (educational or rehabilitative).

  12. Terminology – Water Attractions • Water Attraction: a public facility with design and operational features that provide patron recreational activity other than conventional swimming and involves partial or total immersion of the body. • Water Attractions include activity pools, interactive play attractions, leisure rivers, plunge pools, vortex pools, vanishing edge pools, waterslides, run-out slides, drop slides, pool slides, wave pools, zero-depth entry pools, and any public pool with play features except wading pools.

  13. Terminology – Water Attractions • Activity Pool: a water attraction with a depth greater than 24” designed primarily for play activity that uses constructed features and devices including pad walks, flotation devices and similar attractions.

  14. Terminology – Interactive Play Attractions • Interactive Play Attraction (“Splash Pad”): a water attraction using sprayed, jetted, or other water sources contacting patrons and not incorporating standing or caputred water as part of the patron activity area.

  15. Terminology - Slides • Pool Slide: the drop from the slide terminus is < 20” and slide carries < 100 gallons per minute (gpm) of water. • Waterslide: where ≥ 100 gpm water is intended to carry a rider down a flume.

  16. Terminology - Slides • Children’s Slide: ≤ 4’ high and located in < 24” of water. • Drop Slide: a slide where the terminus is located ≥ 20” above the water level.

  17. Why have a Pool Code? Recreational Water Illness Outbreaks, United States, 1978-2004 N=208 MMWR (2006) 55(SS12):1-30

  18. * * * Why have a Pool Code? Cryptosporidiosis Outbreaks by Recreational Water Disinfection Use: United States, 1988-2007 *N = 68 thru 2004; 2005-2007 numbers are preliminary based on state interactions MMWR (2006) 55(SS12):1-30

  19. Why have a Pool Code? Cryptosporidium Seasonality: United States, 2003 - 2005 N= 15,406 total case reports N=15,276 have onset dates

  20. Cryptosporidiosis Cryptosporidium… • very resistant to chemical disinfectants, • can survive for long periods outside the host, • symptoms generally show 2 – 10 days after infection, • people can shed large numbers of oocysts for several weeks after symptoms have ended, • Infective Dose ~10 – 30 oocysts. • cause of 65.% of RWI in pools (1993-2002).

  21. Why have a Pool Code? • Abigail Taylor • Disemboweled on uncovered suction drain in Minnesota (6/29/07). • 6 years old. • Received small bowel, liver and pancreas transplant (12/17/07).

  22. Pool Code Violations - Nationally Aquatics International, Nov/Dec 2007, Vol. 19, No. 10

  23. Old Code vs. New Code New Code goes into effect on 2/1/08.

  24. What’s New: Fees 1 Including swimming, whirlpool, wading, therapy, exercise, cold soak, mobile, combination, diving and experimental pools. 2 Including activity pools, interactive play attractions, leisure rivers, plunge, vortex, vanishing edge and wave pools.

  25. What’s New: Turnover Times • 172.11(4): Maximum Turnover Times for Therapy and Exercise Pools

  26. What’s New: Flowmeters 172.11(5) Flowmeters, Valves & Gauges: • The Department of Commerce’s pool construction code, Comm 90, requires Compound Gauges before pool recirculation pumps. • Pressure gauges should be located after the pump and before the throttling valve.

  27. What’s New: Chemical Labeling • 172.12(1): The label on all pool chemicals – other than erosion feeder chemicals – must include the chemical manufacturer’s name and address – not the distributor. • Recommendation: do not label chemical containers’ lids because lids may be mistakenly interchanged.

  28. What’s New: Rate-of-Flow Meter • 172.13(1)(a): A rate-of-flow meter is required to measure chemical flow through the disinfectant feeder system. • NOTE: At this time, it is not possible to mount rate-of-flow meters on disinfectant systems’ flexible tubing.

  29. What’s New: Feeder Pump Electrical Connections • 172.13(1)(c): Feeder pumps must be electrically connected to the recirculation pump’s control circuit and have a separate disconnect switch. • Purpose: to prevent flow and potentially dangerous accumulation of chemical while a recirculation pump is not running.

  30. What’s New: Equipment Maintenance • 172.13(2): All maintenance that presents a danger to pool patrons shall be performed when the pool is not in use or is closed to the public. • Purpose: Safety of pool patrons in the event of an accidental chemical release.

  31. What’s New: Water Chemistry

  32. What’s New: Water Chemistry 172.14: New Chemical Standards • Cyanuric Acid (stabilizer) maximum of 30 ppm. • Total alkalinity range of 60 – 180 ppm as calcium carbonate. • Combined Cl2 maxima: 0.5 ppm in Outdoor Pools & 0.8 ppm in Indoor Pools. • Cl2 residual maximum of 10 ppm. • Br2total maximum of 20 ppm.

  33. What’s New: Water Temperatures Old 172.10(2) Pool Water Temperatures • Indoor Pools: 72° F to 90°F • Outdoor Pools: >65°F • Whirlpools: ≤104°F New 172.19: Water Temperature • Indoor Pools: 72° F to 95°F • Outdoor Pools: >65°F • Whirlpools: ≤104°F • Cold Soak Pools: May be <65°F when water temperature (°F) is posted in 4” letters.

  34. Pool & Spa Test Kits 172.17(1),(2) & (3) per 172.14(4): Water Test Kits Kits must measure for: • pH, (7.2 to 7.8), • Free Cl2: 0 to 10 ppm Cl2 in increments of 0.2 ppm, • Total Br2: 0 – 20 ppm Br2 in increments of 0.2 ppm • Combined Cl2, when Cl2 is used (0 - 10 ppm in increments of 0.2 ppm), • Total Alkalinity (60 -180 ppm as calcium carbonate), • Cyanuric Acid (≤30 ppm), when used.

  35. What’s New: Test Kit Requirements • 172.17(3): The disinfectant testing reagent shall be DPD in powder or liquid form. • Tablets = “Powder”

  36. Pool & Spa Test Kits Manufacturers: • Hach Company • HF Scientific, Inc. • Industrial Test Systems, Inc. • LaMotte Company • Palintest, Inc. • Taylor Technologies

  37. “Approved” Pool & Spa Test Kits: Industrial Test Systems: • eXact EZ Advanced Photometer (Part #481668), LaMotte: • ColorQ Pool 4 (#2055), • ColorQ Pool 5 “Health Inspector Kit” (#2055-CYA), • ColorQ PRO 7 (#2056), • ColorQ TesTabs PRO 7 (#2057), and • ColorQ PRO 11. Palintest, Inc.: • Pooltest 5, • Pooltest 9 Professional, • Pooltest 25 Professional. Taylor Technologies: • K-2006

  38. Water Testing Frequency Pools and Water Attractions, 172.18(1): • pH & Disinfectant Residual daily before the pool is opened or in use. • pH & Disinfectant Residual during day’s peak patron load. • Combined Cl2 twice/week. • Total Alkalinity once/week. • Cyanuric Acid once/week.

  39. What’s New: Oxidation Reducation Potential (ORP) • 172.14(5)(a) Electronic Monitoring Devices. When ORP controllers are used, the water potential shall be kept between 650 - 850mV. • When <650mV or >850mV, operator shall manually test the water.

  40. Water Testing Frequency Pools and Water Attractions with ORP, 172.18(3): • pH & Disinfectant Residual once daily. • Continually monitor ORP device. • Combined Cl2 twice/week. • Total Alkalinity once/week. • Cyanuric Acid once/week.

  41. Water Testing Frequency • Whirlpools, Therapy & Exercise Pools, 172.18(2): • pH & Disinfectant Residual daily before the pool is opened or in use. • pH & Disinfectant Residual twice when in use. • pH & Disinfectant Residual 4 times/day. • Combined Cl2 once/day. • Total Alkalinity once/week.

  42. What’s New: Certified Water Attraction Operators • 172.20(2): Starting 1/1/09, each water attraction and water attraction complex shall be “staffed” by at least one certified water attraction operator: Certified Pool Operator (CPO) or Aquatic Facility Operator (AFO)

  43. Certified Operator Training • Certified Pool Operator Training: • Aquatic Facility Operator Training:

  44. Certified Operators – Water Chemistry Data from 1,417 pool inspections performed during 2005 – 2006. Bryan F. Buss, DVM, MPH – Nebraska Department of Health and Human Services (October, 2007)

  45. Certified Operators – Chemical Hazards Wisconsin Hazardous Substance Emergency Event Surveillance (HSEES) Program 1993 – 2005 Data: • 134 Total Cl2 Events • 45% of Cl2 Events produced victims • 40% of Cl2 Events produced evacuees • 28%of Cl2 Events involvedpools

  46. What’s New: Lifeguard Staffing & Plans • 172.23(1): Tables HFS 172.23-A and HFS 172.23-B determine the required number of lifeguards based on pool square footage and pool types/features, respectively. • Per 172.23(1)(a), the pool shall comply with the stricter requirements of Tables A or B.

  47. Lifeguarding & Instructional Programs • 172.22(3)(b): A lifeguard who is assigned to supervise a pool or water attraction may not be assigned duties that may distract the lifeguard’s attention from observing a patron in the pool or water attraction area or that may hinder the lifeguard’s ability to provide immediate assistance to a patron.

  48. Lifeguarding & Instructional Programs • 172.24: “A pool that is used for instructional purposes shall be staffed by a lifeguard when the instructional program is in session.If the coach or instructor that provides instruction during the program is a lifeguard, the requirement of this subsection is met provided the coach or lifeguard can supervise the entire group.”

  49. Lifeguards & Attendants – Minimum Age Requirements • “Wisconsin child labor regulations prohibit the employment of persons under 16 years of age as lifeguards, swimming instructors or attendants.” (7/22/04) - Bob Anderson, Bureau of Labor Standards, Wisconsin Department of Workforce Development • DWD 270.12(12)(2)(c): Minors 16 and 17 years of age may be employed in occupations involving the loading or unloading of passengers on water slides. • DWD 270.12(14): Minors 16 and 17 years of age may not be employed as lifeguards and swimming instructors and aides unless they have successfully completed a bona fide life saving course. Minors 14 and 15 years of age may not be employed as lifeguards and swimming instructors and aides.

  50. What’s New: First Aid Supplies 172.27 First Aid Supplies • Two durable blankets • First Aid Kit with: (a) Gauze pads − 4 x 4. (b) Gauze pads – 8 x 10. (c) Adhesive bandages. (d) Triangular bandages. (e) Scissors. (f) Gauze roller bandage. (g) Tweezers. (h) Adhesive tape. (i) Eye wash. (j) Elastic bandage. (k) Disposable surgical gloves. (L) Resuscitation pocket face mask. (m) Instant cold packs. • Biohazard Safety Equipment