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Office Ergonomics Awareness

Office Ergonomics Awareness

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Office Ergonomics Awareness

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  1. Office Ergonomics Awareness Identifying Common Hazards and Taking the Necessary Steps to Keep Yourself Safe

  2. The Chair • The chair you choose should be equipped with the adjustable design features that are described in the following images. Office Ergonomics Awareness

  3. Backrest Adjustability • The chair should have adequate, adjustable lumbar support. • Adjustable in height • Adjustable in depth • If not: • Try placing a rolled up towel or attach a removable back support cushion to existing back support. Office Ergonomics Awareness

  4. Backrest Adjustability • You should be able to recline the backrest either separately from the seat or in synchronicity with the seat at a 3:1 or 5:1 ratio. • The backrest should be able to be locked in at least 3 different positions within it’s adjustment range. Office Ergonomics Awareness

  5. Seat Adjustability • The seat pan should be cushioned and comfortable. • It should be adjustable in depth • 2-3 fingers width between front edge of chair and back of your knees. • If not: • Choose a chair with 2-3 fingers width between front edge of chair and back of knees. • Attach a removable back support cushion to existing backrest to shorten seat pan. Office Ergonomics Awareness

  6. Seat Adjustability • You should be able to adjust the chair’s seat in height so that you can sit comfortably. • Raise/lower chair to allow feet to rest comfortably flat on floor with hips slightly higher than your knees. • The underside of your thighs should be evenly supported by the surface area of the seat. • If not: • Use footrest if keyboard/desk height requires an elevated chair; or, • Use footrest if the seat cannot adjust down to a comfortable height. Office Ergonomics Awareness

  7. Seat Adjustability • The seat should be able to recline either separately from the backrest or in synchronicity with the backrest at a 1:3 or 1:5 ratio. • The seat should be able to be locked in at least 3 different positions within it’s adjustment range. Office Ergonomics Awareness

  8. Chair Base • Make sure the casters are appropriate for the floor surface. • Rubber for wooden or concrete surfaces • Hard plastic for carpeted surface • If a carpeted surface and it is difficult to roll the chair’s casters lay down an acrylic mat to reduce friction. Office Ergonomics Awareness

  9. Armrest Adjustability • The armrests should be padded and comfortable to rest your elbows and forearms on. • They should be able to adjust in height to below your elbows when you are typing and mousing. • Your armrests should not prevent you from getting close enough to your work surfaces and the keyboard and mouse. • The armrests should be able to adjust in width so that they can be positioned under your elbows and forearms when required. Office Ergonomics Awareness

  10. Armrest Adjustability • If armrests are too low/too high: • Remove the armrests. • Add padding to bring them up to a comfortable level. • Only use the armrest during short pauses from typing. • Replace with armrests that can be adjusted to the correct height. • If armrests are too wide: • Adjust to bring them closer together. • Replace seat pan on chair with a narrower one. • Replace with width-adjustable armrests. Office Ergonomics Awareness

  11. Chair Adjustability • You should learn how to adjust your chair for optimal fit and comfort. • Ask the vendor to review the chair’s adjustability features with you. • Look for an instruction booklet or look to the manufacturer’s website for assistance. Office Ergonomics Awareness

  12. Adjusting Your Chair • If you have an adjustable chair and a workstation that allows you to sit comfortably don’t limit yourself to just one posture. Learn how to adjust your chair! • Our muscles can last longer when we give them many healthy postures to work in. • Move by adjusting your chair, your body and your equipment and tools! Office Ergonomics Awareness

  13. Adjusting Your Chair • Its’ recommended that you work in a reclined position for 10-15 minutes of every hour. • If your heels come off the floor when you recline then find something to rest your feet on, like a footrest, that will keep your heels grounded. • You will also need to adjust your keyboard and mouse platform lower while sliding closer to it to prevent reaching • If your keyboard and mouse are on the work surface then you may need to raise your chair a bit and put your feet on a support. • When sitting upright you may need to raise or lower your chair while adjusting the height of your keyboard and mouse and your distance from them. • If you have to take a phone call stand up! Office Ergonomics Awareness

  14. Keyboard • The letter ‘H” on your keyboard should be aligned with the centre of the monitor. • If it is not, • Reposition the keyboard and/or monitor to achieve this positioning. Office Ergonomics Awareness

  15. Keyboard • Is the keyboard positioned so that your wrists are straight (not bent up / down) while using the keyboard? • If not, • Adjust seat height so that keyboard and mouse are at elbow height. • Raise or lower adjustable work surfaces in systems furniture so that they are just below seated elbow height. • Place keyboard and mouse on articulating keyboard tray and adjust tray height and tilt until wrists are straight. • Retract keyboard feet. • Support arms on armrest when keying or mousing. • Use an appropriately sized keyboard (e.g. external keyboard if laptop is used regularly on desk). Office Ergonomics Awareness

  16. Mouse / Pointing Device • Is the mouse located close to you (so your elbow is close to your body and the hand is as close as possible to the mid-line of your body)? • Place mouse/input device beside keyboard at same height. • Use a mouse bridge (i.e. a hard surface that is placed over number pad on keyboard). • Ensure adequate space on either the desk top or a keyboard tray for input devices. • Purchase a shorter keyboard or a keyboard with number pad on left side. Office Ergonomics Awareness

  17. Mouse / Pointing Device • Can you place the mouse on your preferred side? • If not, • Purchase a keyboard and mouse platform that permits this positioning. Office Ergonomics Awareness

  18. Mouse / Pointing Device • Can you use the mouse while keeping your wrist straight? • If not, • Adjust seat height so that keyboard and mouse are at elbow height. • Raise or lower adjustable work surfaces in systems furniture so that they are just below seated elbow height. • Place keyboard and mouse on articulating tray and adjust tray height and tilt until wrists are straight. • Support arms on armrest when keying or mousing. • Use a mouse that fits your hand size and/or places wrist in a more natural, straight posture. Office Ergonomics Awareness

  19. Mouse / Pointing Device • Is there enough space for comfortable mouse use? • If not, • Try increasing mouse speed and enlarging the pointer. • Get a wider keyboard platform or a shorter keyboard. Office Ergonomics Awareness

  20. Keyboard Surface • Is the surface on which the keyboard sits at a comfortable height for keyboarding (e.g. about 1 inch) below your elbow height when seated comfortably)? • If not, • Adjust seat height so that keyboard and mouse are at elbow height and use a footrest if necessary. • Raise or lower adjustable work surfaces in systems furniture so that they are just below seated elbow height. • Place keyboard and mouse on articulating keyboard tray and adjust tray height and tilt until wrists are straight. Office Ergonomics Awareness

  21. Keyboard Surface • Does the surface provide a solid and stable support for the keyboard when keying tasks are being performed? • If not, • If the fasteners for the support or support surface are loose have them tightened Office Ergonomics Awareness

  22. Keyboard Surface • Is there adequate space for both the keyboard and the mouse on the same surface, at the same height? • If not, • Try increasing mouse speed and enlarging the pointer. • Get a wider keyboard platform or a shorter keyboard. Office Ergonomics Awareness

  23. Keyboard Surface • Is the keyboard surface adjustable? • If not, • Ensure seat height can be adjusted so that keyboard and mouse sit just below elbow height and use a footrest if you are no longer seated comfortably. Office Ergonomics Awareness

  24. Keyboard Surface • If Yes, how is it adjustable: • Height? • If not, ensure seat height can be adjusted so that keyboard and mouse sit just below elbow height and use a footrest if you are no longer seated comfortably. • sliding in and out? • If not, If platform cannot slide all the way under the work surface have the sliding track reinstalled further back or purchase a shorter adjustable arm. • angle (flat, ± tilt)? • If not, Use the feet on the back of the keyboard to make the keyboarding surface flat. Office Ergonomics Awareness

  25. Keyboard Surface • Does the keyboard surface have a well-designed palm rest? • If not, • If you do not drop your wrists when typing then no corrective actions are required. • If you drop your wrists to the work surface or work surface edge roll up a towel and place it in front of keyboard. Office Ergonomics Awareness

  26. Using a Laptop • Are you using a laptop for more than 2 hours/day cumulatively? • If you are, you are more susceptible to discomfort symptoms in your neck, back, forearms and wrists if you don’t take the necessary steps to separate the keyboard, mouse and monitor from eachother. Office Ergonomics Awareness

  27. Using a Laptop • You should get an external keyboard and mouse and position them comfortably according to the previous information. • This could include raising the laptop to eye height using boxes; • Placing the keyboard and mouse on the work surface, raising you chair up and placing your feet on a footrest. Office Ergonomics Awareness

  28. Work Postures (seated) • Can you adopt a neutral work posture when seated according to what is described in the following slides? Office Ergonomics Awareness

  29. Work Postures (seated) • Feet resting firmly and flat on the floor • If not, • Raise/lower chair to allow feet to rest comfortably flat on floor. • Use footrest if keyboard/desk height requires an elevated chair. • Knees slightly lower than hips • If not, • Adjust chair height so that feet remain flat on floor or footrest but thighs are also parallel to floor. Office Ergonomics Awareness

  30. Work Postures (seated) • Sitting with back pressed firmly up against backrest • If not, • Arrange workstation to allow proper back support. (i.e. position keyboard closer to employee, bring monitor closer to employee). • Remove or lower arm rests which may prevent sitting back fully due to contact with front of desk or keyboard tray. • Replace the seat pan if it’s too long and doesn’t allow for sitting back fully in chair. Office Ergonomics Awareness

  31. Work Postures (seated) • Sitting in a slightly reclined posture while working. • If not, • Use a footrest if your heals come off the floor when reclining in your chair. • Adjust seat pan angle and/or backrest angle to allow reclining and adjust position of keyboard and mouse (i.e. bring closer or lower if on adjustable platform). Office Ergonomics Awareness

  32. Work Postures (seated) • Visible space between front edge of seat pan and the back of your knee. • If not, • Choose a chair with 2-3 fingers width between front edge of chair and back of knees. • Attach a removable back support cushion to existing backrest to shorten seat pan. • Choose a chair with a gently curved front edge on seat pan. Office Ergonomics Awareness

  33. Work Postures (seated) • Head/neck relaxed, upright and chin ‘in’. • If not, • Raise/lower monitor so that eyes are in line with top line of monitor. Monitor may need to be lowered if you wear bifocals and look at the monitor through the bottom of your lenses. • If using a number of paper documents with computer, use a document holder that sits between you and the monitor. Office Ergonomics Awareness

  34. Work Postures (seated) • Elbows bent at about 90 degrees. • If not, • Adjust seat height so that keyboard and mouse are at elbow height and use a footrest if necessary. • Raise or lower adjustable work surfaces, if using systems furniture, so that they are just below seated elbow height. • Place keyboard and mouse on articulating keyboard tray and adjust tray height and tilt until wrists are working in a natural, straight posture. Office Ergonomics Awareness

  35. Work Postures (seated) • Wrists straight while working. • If not, • Adjust seat height so that keyboard and mouse are at elbow height. • Raise or lower adjustable work surfaces in systems furniture so that they are just below seated elbow height. • Place keyboard and mouse on articulating keyboard tray and adjust tray height and tilt until wrists are straight. • Retract keyboard feet. • Support arms on armrest when keying or mousing. • Use an appropriately sized keyboard (e.g. external keyboard if laptop is used regularly on desk). • Support arms on armrest when keying or mousing. • Use a mouse that fits your hand size and/or places wrist in a more natural, straight posture. Office Ergonomics Awareness

  36. Work Postures (seated) • Arms hanging relaxed at the side of the body. • If not, • Adjust armrests down to below elbow height to allow upper arms to hang comfortably. • Use a wider, “split” keyboard. Office Ergonomics Awareness

  37. Work Surface / Equipment Layout • Is the height of the work surface appropriate for paper-work (e.g. approx 2 inches) above optimal seated elbow height)? • If not, • Raise the seat and use a footrest. • If using adjustable systems furniture adjust the work surfaces down or up to achieve this positioning. • Use a slanted writing surface. Office Ergonomics Awareness

  38. Work Surface / Equipment Layout • Is there adequate work surface space for all required equipment (phone, calculator, computer equipment, etc.)? • If not, • Determine if less important and less frequently used items are cluttering up the work surface and create space by storing them elsewhere. • If keyboard and mouse are on the work surface, install a platform to create more work surface space. Office Ergonomics Awareness

  39. Work Surface / Equipment Layout • Is there adequate space for non-computer work (reading, paper work, etc.)? • If not, • If a set of drawers are present, can they be removed and their contents stored elsewhere? Office Ergonomics Awareness

  40. Work Surface / Equipment Layout • Is there adequate space for required reference documents, drawings, etc.? • If not, • Can a separate table located nearby be used? Office Ergonomics Awareness

  41. Work Surface / Equipment Layout • Can you easily reach the telephone when sitting at all main work areas? • If not, • Move the telephone closer to you; or, • Stand up when answering the telephone. Office Ergonomics Awareness

  42. Work Surface / Equipment Layout • Can reference documents/papers be placed in line with the monitor and angled up towards your face? • If not, • If using an adjustable keyboard platform, try to position documents between back edge of platform and edge of work surface. • Use an in-line document holder that does not block the monitor. Office Ergonomics Awareness

  43. Leg & Knee Room / Movement • Is there adequate leg and foot space under the work surface? • If not, • Remove materials underneath desk. • Install keyboard tray to increase distance between monitor and desktop and provide more leg room. Office Ergonomics Awareness

  44. Leg & Knee Room / Movement • Is the space under-the-work-surface free of clutter (boxes, papers, shoes, etc.)? • If not, • Remove clutter from underneath desk. Office Ergonomics Awareness

  45. Leg & Knee Room / Movement • Is there adequate space for the knees, to allow for movement and comfortable sitting? • If not, • Remove any obstructions such as drawers that restrict knee space. Office Ergonomics Awareness

  46. Leg & Knee Room / Movement • Can you move from one area of the workstation to another easily (e.g. no under the work surface obstructions such as work surface supports, etc.)? • If not, • Purchase a keyboard support with a slimmer profile if current equipment is hitting thighs. • Remove any drawers that are in the way. Office Ergonomics Awareness

  47. Monitor • Is the monitor positioned directly in front of you? • If not, • Position monitor directly in front of you so that the letter ‘H” on the keyboard is aligned with the centre of the monitor. Office Ergonomics Awareness

  48. Monitor Is the screen positioned so that you can just see over the top of the screen while sitting in a relaxed, upright posture? If not, Raise/lower monitor so that eyes are in proper positioning. Monitor may need to be lowered further and/or pushed further back and text increased in size if you wear bifocals and if you look at the monitor through the bottom of your lenses. Office Ergonomics Awareness

  49. Monitor • Is the screen angled up towards your face? • If not, • Angle the screen upwards. Office Ergonomics Awareness

  50. Monitor • Is the screen free of obvious glare and reflections? • If not, • Prevent the source of glare from reaching monitor, (i.e. use opaque vertical blinds, use glare screens). • Place monitor at right angles to windows. • Use an LCD monitor. Office Ergonomics Awareness