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ENUM Presentation #846

ENUM Presentation #846. Jong Lee Strategic Development VeriSign. A Couple of Things About ENUM. It’s a Protocol – Nothing More and Nothing Less Opt-In Has to Go Carrier ENUM Matters; Public ENUM Does Not Tier 2 ENUM will Merge with SIP Location in Many Cases Technology Does Not Matter

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ENUM Presentation #846

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  1. ENUM Presentation #846 Jong Lee Strategic Development VeriSign

  2. A Couple of Things About ENUM • It’s a Protocol – Nothing More and Nothing Less • Opt-In Has to Go • Carrier ENUM Matters; Public ENUM Does Not • Tier 2 ENUM will Merge with SIP Location in Many Cases • Technology Does Not Matter • It’s Getting Too Political

  3. Business/Regulatory State of the “Roots” • Tier 0: • Only one database controlled by RIPE NCC and ITU (policy only) • Contains participating country codes. • Delegation would be at the NPA level for the US • Tier I: • Within North America there could be several Tier 1 databases, which would provide multiple business opportunities instead of a single monopoly. • The US Tier 1s would receive their delegation at the NPA level. • Lot’s of Boring Trials Going on Now • Tier II: • A Few Interesting Trials Underway • Every Carrier and Cooperative will have a Root

  4. Current Issues With ENUM • Very few VoIP platforms support ENUM today • Nobody has figured out how to make money from ENUM yet • Nothing in ENUM you can’t do with SIP • Huge political issues over data ownership • Who wants to be the root? • ENUM solves only a small part of the problem • Where you are is easy – how to get to you in a secure, reliable matter is another issue

  5. Misc. IP Network? ENUM: One Piece in the Puzzle • IN NAPTR 10 10 "u" "E2U+sip" “!^.*$!sip:tkershaw@verisign.com!” • IN NAPTR 10 10 "u" “E2U+mailto" “!^.*$!mailto:tkershaw@verisign.com Tier 1 ENUM Tier 2 ENUM Location Server/Registrar Call Control Call Control Call Control Call Control

  6. ENUM: Missing Pieces • I Know the Destination Domain of the Called Party • I Can Now Query the Destination to Find the IP Address • But: • What QoS Rules are Associated with the Destination • What Protocol/Variations are Available at the Destination • What Network Path to Take • What Security Policies/Keys Are Needed • ENUM provides the information, but assumes the network will be able to figure it out. • Reality: It Won’t (at least not yet)

  7. ENUM Issues to Be Resolved • Critical Mass (the Network Problem) • Application developers • Public or private directories • Update rate • One or many - providers, databases, … • Regulatory and policy issues • New identifiers • Coverage • PSTN Service Logic

  8. Conclusions • ENUM is starting to happen in trials • Public trials have yet to generate anything interesting • Private Tier 2 trials are getting interesting (like car wrecks are interesting) • Interop, QoS and Security are barriers • Need more Free Market input • Opt-Out of Opt-In

  9. Clearing and Peering:New Models for Carrier and Enterprise Interconnect

  10. Conclusions (Answer Before Question) • Clearing Is Over • Peering is the New Model • Old Model: Exchanging Traffic • New Model: Peered Route Resolution • Issues: • Data Ownership • Security • Network Engineering • Interoperability

  11. Radical Statement 1: If a Call Starts on an IP Device and Ends on an IP Device, it should use the IP network end to end

  12. Radical Statement 2: If a Call Starts or Stops on the PSTN, Use the PSTN

  13. Fact: We Are Not Following Rule #1 or Rule #2 Today

  14. Clearing and Peering: A History • VoIP “Peering” Has Been Going on For Many Years • More Clearing than Peering • Arbitrage to Arbitrage Focus • Replacing IXC/International Trunks with IP • Long Haul Trunking Savings • Bypass/Arbitrate • This market is pretty much done • New Models for Peering are Endpoint Focused Rather than Trunk Focused

  15. There Is No VoIP Today • Current model for VoIP carrier is local only • Offnet calls connect via PSTN, even if destination is IP • Many operators in more than one market use PSTN even for on-net traffic between platforms • Small Operators face standard interconnect agreements for terminating offnet traffic • Why VoIP Peering is Good • Reduce costs of PSTN interconnect for IP-IP Calls • Reduce operational burden of maintaining interconnects, MGs and SS7 links • Enable new services like video, collaboration and presence • Regional Operators Encounter Specific Challenges • Economies of scale, Turnkey Solutions • Enable cooperative application development and delivery – History of ILEC market shows this is critical to success

  16. Elements of Peering: Routing Engine Route Propagation: TGREP/TRIP/Manual Provisioning External Callout Engine *LNP *CNAM *Carrier Select (ENUM or SIP) Route Engine TN To BE Route List Proportional Route Splay Route ToD/DoW Engine Class 4 Route Default (Trunk Group, PSTN Ctvty) TN Discovery TN Exists? Yes= BE RouteList External Callouts (SIP or ENUM) Number Analysis and Normalization (e.164 or URL) SIP Redirect Engine ENUM/DNS Interface to CCE

  17. Elements of Peering: Subscriber Profiling Subscriber Data Address of Record Address Type Trans ID Accnt Status Services References Contact IDs Policy Engine SIMPLE Presence Server Contact Contact URI Sequence Expiration Call ID Priority Secure Authentication ENUM SIP Redirect

  18. Role of ENUM • Provides protocol and architecture to discover if a given phone call is IP-IP • Returns carrier domain of destination number • Allows end-to-end VoIP interconnection • However: • ENUM is not widely deployed on SS, BE or SIP Proxy infrastructure • ENUM does not solve the entire problem – directory of destinations is just one piece in secure peering • ENUM has become very political

  19. Simple Peering Architecture ASP Domain Directory SIP/ENUM Inter-Carrier Settlement (??) Applications/Services Subscriber Portal Service Broker MSO A VoIP Operator Call Agent Call Agent Border Element Border Element IP Core CMTS DSLAM Call Agent Media Gateway PSTN

  20. Peering Architectural Components • Core VoIP directory provides ENUM and/or SIP resolution of queries • Returns domain/IP of the partner that owns the subscriber • Admin portal allows operators to monitor and access their own data in real time • Management of Network Border • Border and Firewall management • NAT Transversal and Pinhole Management • Firewall Integrity and Intrusion Detection • Billing and Settlement between VoIP Carriers • Open questions on settlement: Will there be Compensation? • What is the Service Model (per registration, per transaction, per termination) • Even with “bill and keep” settlement, call record exchange will be necessary for traffic engineering purposes • Application Sharing

  21. The Ancillary Data Layer LNP DNC CNAP Toll-Free Service Broker MSO Customization and Provisioning Service Delivery CORE SIP (CMSS) SS7 Sigtran DNS/ ENUM

  22. Peering Architecture: Operator to Enterprise • In addition to Inter-Carrier peering, Carriers will want to interconnect to other VoIP islands • Enterprises • Public Sector • In addition to directory and security, interoperability must be addressed • Enterprises are largely H.323 based today; slow migration to SIP • Other carriers are running different variations of SIP • Example: PrivacyID • Protocol normalization will be necessary at the edge of the network to protect the application delivery function • Quality of Service: Is All Routing Created Equal?

  23. ASP Domain Hosted Third-Party Apps Full Peering Architecture Service Core VoIP Directory Out-Of-Band Provisioning (Web Based Subscriber and Admin Portal Service Broker Cable MSO A VoIP Carrier Call Agent Call Agent Border Element Border Element SIP (CMSS) SIP (CMSS) SIP (CMSS) IP Network CMTS DSLAM SIP (CMSS) SIP (CMSS) MGCP/MEGACO MGCP/MEGACO MTA MTA Border SC Firewall Border SC Firewall H.323 IP PBX IP-PBX Enterprise A Enterprise B Work at Home Employee of Enterprise B

  24. Advantages of Full Peering Model • Reduces cost of calls between operators by eliminating need to hand off to IXC/PSTN • Creates end-to-end VoIP network to enable shared value-added services • Provides highly predictable network cost model • Maintains complete perimeter security • Maintains a SIP core network while enabling carriers to connect to every other VoIP operator in the world • Allows operators to Address Key Subscriber Demographics • Teleworkers • 16-25 Demographic

  25. Summary: Elements of Peering Secure, Reliable, End-to-End VoIP • Bridging VoIP Islands • Secure interconnection • Normalized to Backbone standards • Robust suite of applications • Interconnection Directory • Benefits To Operator: • Reduced Operations Costs • Reduced Capital Outlays • Network Flexibility • Support for New Services • Rapid Application Introduction Directory Inter-operability Directory Capability Security Network Core Signaling Infrastructure SecurityAssets Applications Value-added Services Billing, Mediation and Settlement

  26. Thank You! jlee@verisign.com 703-948-3359

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