Hypochondria Nati Gutierrez Psychology Period 3
Definition • Hypochondria is a condition in which a person believes that he or she is ill without actually being ill. (worries about becoming ill that it affects his/her life)
Somatoform Disorder • Is a mental disorder is developed by certain physical symptoms such as physical illness or injuries. • Some cannot even be explained fully by a general medical condition,. panic disorder • Builds up to mental factors. In people who have a somatoform disorder, medical test results are either normal or do not explain the person's symptoms.
A headache might lead a hypochondria man/women to infer that they have a brain tumor. Later medical attention a.s.a.p. Might lead them into depression Example
Association features • lack of ability • Frustration • Anger • Impatient • Fear – aging • Physical health such as healthy diets, regular exercise • Bitter nails • Coarse facial features • Pale or dry skin • Swelling of the arms and legs • Thin dry hair
The person must be preoccupied with the notion or fear of having a serious disease. This preoccupation is based on misinterpretation of physical symptoms or sensations. Appropriate medical evaluation and reassurance that there is no illness present do not eliminate the preoccupation. Fear of illness must not be of delusional intensity. Delusional health fears are more likely to be bizarre in nature— for instance, the belief that one's skin emits a foul odor or that food is rotting in one's intestines. DSM-IV-TR
Etiology • Any preoccupation with fear of disease must cause a great deal of distress or interfere with a person's ability to perform important activities, such as work, school activities, or family and social responsibilities. • Misinterpretation into a bodily sick/disease symptoms.
Prevalence In general population is - 1 % to 5% Among primary care out patients, estimate from - 2% to 7%
Treatments • Difficult to treat • Cognitive and behavioral treatments have demonstrated effectiveness in reducing the symptoms • More positive occupations and family counseling (reinforcement)
Prognosis • Is common is females, but both genders at any age most likely in their early adulthood.
References • Halgin, R.P. & WhitBourne, S.K (2005). Abnormal psychology: clinical perspective on psychological disorders. New York, NY: McGraw-hill. • InteliHealth: The Trusted Source. (2008, October 17). Diseases and conditoin mental health. Retrieved from http://www.intelihealth.com/IH/ihtIH/WSIHW000/8271/25759/187979.html?d=dmtHealthAZ • National institution of health . (2010, April 19). Medlineplus trusted health information.. Retrieved from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000353.htm • Encyclopedia of Mental Disorders . (2012). Hypochondriasis. Retrieved from http://www.minddisorders.com/Flu-Inv/Hypochondriasis.html#b%23ixzz1sRNO9CGC
Discussion questions?? • What would fit the best to a solution, classical learning, operant learning or observational learning, why? • + - Reinforcement • + - Punishment • Etc.