Psychology of Terrorism Those who can make you believe absurdities can make you commit atrocities.--- Voltaire
Scope of Psychology of Terrorism. • “There is a broad spectrum of terrorist groups and organizations, each of which has a different psychology, motivation and decision making structure. Indeed, one should not speak of terrorist psychology in the singular, but rather of terrorist psychologies” (Post, 20012).
Early Origins of Terrorism • Reign of Terror, The Terror (French: la Terreur) -France
Little Did You Know! • Not just narcissism, hostility toward parents. • Mental illness not a critical factor-most not “psychopaths.” • No terrorist profile. • Not all promote violence. • Not much research on recruitment.
IRA-The Provisional Irish Republican Army (Irish: Óglaigh na hÉireann) • 1969-The Troubles • Force of Arms, Political Persuasion • All-Island Ireland State. (Socialist) • 2005-End of Force of Arms
Chechnya • 1991-Fall of the Iron Curtain • Different groups with political, economic and/or ideological motivations.
Zapatista Army of National Liberation • indigenous peoples and some urban • 1994-Declared War against the Mexican State. • Violent and Nonviolent-Internet Propaganda.
African National Congress • 1912, 2004 • Bring all Africans together as one people to defend their rights and freedoms. • Religious and Cultural Motivations. • Nelson Mandela-Noble Peace Prize
The Weatherman-”You don't need a weatherman to know which way the wind blows.” • 1969 • Destruction of imperial government-classless world-communism • Bombings, jailbreaks, riots. • Disbanded 1973, end of Vietnam War.
The London Train Bombings 7/7 • July 7, 2005. • Suicide Bombers, Al-Qaeda. • 52 Victims, More victims than any IRA attack, not that many deaths since bombings in WWII.
The following men are stated to have carried out the attacks: • The bombers caught on CCTV at Luton railway station at 07:21 a.m. on 7 July. From left to right, Hasib Hussain, Germaine Lindsay, Mohammad Sidique Khan, and Shehzad Tanweer. (Image: Crown copyright) • Mohammad Sidique Khan (30) - Edgware Road Tube 8.50 a.m. Lived in Dewsbury with his heavily pregnant wife and young child. (Hasina Patel miscarried August 2005). • Shehzad Tanweer (22) - Aldgate Tube 8.50 a.m. Lived in Leeds with his mother and father working in a fish and chip shop. • Germaine Lindsay (19) - Russell Square 8.50 a.m. Lived in Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire with his pregnant wife. • Hasib Hussain (18) - Tavistock Square 9.47 a.m. Lived in Leeds with his brother Imran and sister-in-law Shazia.