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Federalism

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Federalism

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  1. Federalism

  2. New Seats • Sit in your old seat from last semester • I will be telling you where you will be sitting this semester • Listen to where you will be sitting, but don’t move until I’ve called everyone’s name

  3. Warm Up • What checks and balances does the Executive Branch have over the Judicial Branch? • What checks and balances does the Judicial Branch have over the Executive Branch?

  4. Homework: Write a Letter from the Future • Pretend that you are living in 2040, and you want to fix/change governmental problems in the US • Write a letter to yourself in the present day explaining what the futuristic problem is • Be sure to include why this is a problem and describe how the governmental problem is impacting the US • Identify a solution to this problem and explain how this solution will solve the problem • KEEP IT APPROPRIATE AND NON-OFFENSIVE: WE WILL BE SHARING THESE IN CLASS

  5. Looking Ahead: Bring Textbooks Next Class • You will need your textbooks next class!!! • This will be graded • If you don’t bring them, you will be doing an essay assignment, and then you will have textbook work for homework

  6. Looking Ahead: Community Service Sheet • Community Service Hours will be due on April 15th • I will start accepting sheets on April 1st

  7. Learning Objectives • Interpret Current Events • Analyze the process for a territory to become a state • Engage in Collaborative Learning

  8. Current Events: Trump Forces an Attorney General to be Fired • Trump called for the resignation of 46 State Attorney Generals • The Attorney General of NY, PreetBharara, refused to resign, and he would have been the one involved in seeking links between the Trump Campaign to the Russians • US Attorney General, Jeff Sessions, was ordered by Trump to fire Bharara when he refused to resign • President doesn’t have the power to fire State Attorney Generals but the US Attorney General does • US Attorney General Jeff Sessions was put into power after Trump recommended him to Congress, and then Congress approved his appointment

  9. Discussion Questions • Why do you think Trump would be so insistent that Bharara lose his position? Why do you think Bharara would not resign? • Do you think that our system of Checks and Balances and Separation of Powers is being upheld? • It is common for Attorney Generals who are of the opposite political party to be asked to resign once a new president comes into power. Do you think this tradition is a good or bad thing?

  10. Trump’s nominee for Supreme Court Justice: Brett Kavanaugh • July 2018: Supreme Court Justice Anthony Kennedy (Liberal Democrat) retires • President Trump nominates Brett Kavanaugh (Conservative Republican) to replace Kennedy • Kavanaugh led the investigation into the Clinton Impeachment • Brett Kavanaugh: • Wants to overturn Roe vs. Wade • Anti Illegal-Immigration • Anti Medicare and government assistance for healthcare • Wants to ease gun restrictions

  11. Let’s Discuss!!! • What check does the Executive Branch have over the Judicial Branch? • What check does the Legislative Branch have over the Judicial Branch? • Do you think that Trump made a good nomination for SCOTUS judge? Why? • Why do you think Trump made this nomination? • What checks does the Judicial Branch have over the Executive and Legislative Branches? • Do you think our system of checks and balances is being preserved in the government? • Do you think this choice is going to help or hurt the current stability of our government?

  12. Transitioning- Federalism: What is the process for a territory to become a state? • What should be required of a territory to become a state? • What should be required of the federal government if the territory is to become a state? • What US Territories can you think of that are not currently states? Why do you think they are not states?

  13. The Process of Becoming a State 1. Area/Territory asks Congress for admission to become a state 2. Congress passes an Enabling Act to allow an area/territory to become a state A. Enabling Act: Directs the people of a territory to frame a proposed State Constitution 3. State Constitution is written and popular vote is used to approve the Constitution

  14. The Process of a Territory to become a State • 4. Congress reviews the new Constitution and passes an act of admission • A. Act of Admission: Act which creates a new state • 5. The President signs the act and the state enters the Union

  15. Group Work: Role-Playing • Groups of 3-4 people • Each group will show the process by which a territory becomes a state • Each group will be an imaginary territory that wants to become a state • YOU MUST HAVE A WRITTEN SCRIPT WITH AT LEAST 15 LINES- THIS WILL BE COLLECTED AND GRADED SO MAKE SURE EVERYONE’S NAME IS ON THE SCRIPT • Each person must have a role in the skit or they will not get credit for the assignment • Suggested roles: State reps., State Citizens, Congress, President

  16. Brainstorming • What modern day examples of US territories can you think of? Why do you think these territories haven’t become states yet? • What problems/issues might arise when a territory wants to become a state from the perspective of the national government? • What problems/issues might arise when a territory considers statehood from the perspective of the people living in that territory? • What prior knowledge do you have about the history behind why these territories became controlled by the US?

  17. Modern day US territories • Puerto Rico • Guam • Virgin Islands • American Samoa • Northern Mariana Islands

  18. Warm Up • Summarize the process for a territory to become a state in 2-3 sentences

  19. Learning Objectives • Enhance Reading Skills • Engage in Collaborative Learning • Interpret Chapter 4, Section 2 Vocabulary

  20. Textbook Work: Chapter 6, Sections 1-3 • Read Chapter 6, Sections 1-3 • Answer the questions on the Textbook worksheet after completing the reading

  21. Essay Assignment (If you didn’t bring your Textbook): 2 Pages • Think about a time in your life when you needed to be prepared to achieve success • Explain what you needed to do to prepare for this things that you achieved success in • Identify how your preparation led to you being successful during this time • Describe how you felt based on the end result of this event/time • Connect the need to come prepared to class with your textbook and all materials to this time in your life when you needed to be prepared to achieve success

  22. Homework Sharing • Groups of 4 • The group will share their homework responses with one another • The group will vote on who addressed the most significant problem and how they plan to solve that problem • The whole group will go up and present the problem as well as the solution and explain why their problem is the most significant and their solution is the best way to help the US

  23. Ages of Federalism Vocabulary • Dual Federalism: Two levels of government are part of the whole, but each has clearly defined responsibilities • Cooperative Federalism: Officials at different levels work together as allies • Regulated Federalism: Strict regulations by the federal government on funds given to states, localities, cities, etc. • New Federalism: Regulating the powers of the federal government and giving more power to the states

  24. Check for Understanding • Which age of Federalism do you believe was the best for our country? Why do you think this? • Which presidents are associated with each age of Federalism? • When it comes to Federalism, why is participation and cooperation among the different levels so important?

  25. Law Enforcement: State and Federal Agencies Working Together • John Dillinger • Bonny and Clyde • Arrest of Frank Lucas • AIM protest at Wounded Knee • Waco • Hurricane Katrina • 9/11 • Border Patrol in Arizona

  26. John Dillinger and the Creation of the FBI • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q8xOgO7_eT8

  27. Frank Lucas: NYPD/US ARMY vs. DEA • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ofYoFw--Njw • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H38XiM2EOnQ

  28. AIM Protest at Wounded Knee • Read the article about the AIM Protest at Wounded Knee in 1973 • Answer the questions that follow the reading

  29. Waco- ATF Raid in Waco • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S3B7iWE1PrA

  30. Border Patrol • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A7fS73X5Zew

  31. Wrap Up • Is it a good or bad thing when local, state, and federal law enforcement agencies work together to combat crime? Why do you think this

  32. Warm Up • Do you think Puerto Rico wants to become a state? Why or why not? • What is the process for a US territory to become a state?

  33. Homework: Complete Study Guide • Complete Study Guide by fully writing out all notes and relevant material for each term/concept/word on the Study Guide

  34. Looking Ahead: Test Next Week • Test on The Constitution and Federalism • Start Studying Today!!!

  35. Learning Objectives • Analyze the issue of statehood for Puerto Rico • Interpret the Full Faith and Credit Clause • Synthesize Williams vs. North Carolina

  36. Journal 6- Puerto Rico: Will it Become the 51st State? • Read the article on Puerto Rican Statehood and answer the questions that follow

  37. Analyzing Different Perspectives • Partner up with someone in the class • One person will be writing a letter to Congress from the perspective of the Puerto Ricans • Another person will be writing a letter to the Puerto Ricans from the perspective of the American government • After you have written your letter, switch with your partner, and see what similarities and differences there are between the Puerto Rican and US perspective in terms of Puerto Rican Statehood

  38. Pros and Cons List • Puerto Rico has not become a state • Make an individual Pros and Cons List from the Puerto Rican Perspective • Make an individual Pros and Cons List from the perspective of the US government • After you have created your own individual lists, we will create a class list

  39. Check for Understanding • What do you think is different from the American government perspective in comparison to the Puerto Rican perspective on Puerto Rico becoming a state? • What do you think is similar for the American government perspective in comparison to the Puerto Rican perspective on Puerto Rico gaining statehood? • What do you think would need to happen for Puerto Rico to become a state?

  40. Transitioning: Interstate Relations • What are some political powers that Puerto Rico would be granted if it became a state? • If Puerto Rico did become a state one day, what do you think its relationship would be like with other states in the US? • Why do we need federal regulations on relations between different states? Can you think of a time in US History where there was a need for the federal government to regulate relationships among different states?

  41. Interstate Relations Vocabulary • Interstate Compacts: States may make agreements among themselves with other states, if they have the approval of Congress • Full Faith and Credit Clause: “Full Faith and Credit shall be given in each state to the Public Acts, Records, and judicial Proceedings of every other State”

  42. Check for Understanding • Can you think of any Interstate Compacts that exist? • In the Full Faith and Credit Clause, what do you think Public Acts refers to? What kinds of documents do you think they are talking about? What does Judicial Proceedings mean? • Re-write the Full Faith and Credit Clause in your own words • Can you think of any exceptions to the Full Faith and Credit Clause?

  43. Examples: Interstate Compacts • Port Authority of New York and New Jersey • Compact for Supervision of Parolees and Probationers/ Compact on Juveniles • Development and Conservation of Natural Resources • Combat Pollution • Prevent Forest Fires • Provide for Tax Collections • Facilitate the Licensing of Drivers

  44. Examples: “Records” according to the Full Faith and Credit Clause • -Birth Certificates • -Marriage Licenses • -Deeds to Property • -Car Registrations

  45. Exceptions to the Full Faith and Credit Clause • 1. Only applies to civil, not criminal matters- One State cannot enforce another State’s criminal law • 2. If people get divorced in a state that they are not the residents of, then that divorce does not need to be recognized by the state that they are residents of

  46. Check for Understanding • Why do you think they would make these two exceptions to the Full Faith and Credit Clause? • Do you think they should add any exceptions to the Full Faith and Credit Clause? • Are divorce laws different than marriage laws, according to the Full Faith and Credit Clause? Why do you think this is?

  47. Case Example: Williams vs. North Carolina • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CEDYb-UJYPI • Why did Mr. Williams and Mrs. Hendrix go to Nevada? • What happened to them when they came back to North Carolina? Why did this happen? • How did the Full Faith and Credit Clause come into play in this situation? • How does this case relate to the principle of Federalism? • In the end, was the divorce valid? Why or why not?

  48. Warm Up • What does the Full Faith and Credit Clause state? • What are the two exceptions to this Clause?

  49. Homework: Complete Study Guide • Complete Study Guide by fully writing out all notes and relevant material for each term/concept/word on the Study Guide

  50. Looking Ahead: Test Next Week • Test on The Constitution and Federalism • Start Studying Today • Be ready for Notebook Check (starting at beginning of this quarter)