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Public Restrictions on Ownership

Public Restrictions on Ownership

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Public Restrictions on Ownership

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Presentation Transcript

  1. Public Restrictions on Ownership Chapter 4

  2. Public Restrictions on Ownership • Four Basic PowersFour basic powers of government over real property • Taxation • Escheat • Eminent domain • Police power

  3. Public Restrictions on Ownership • Property Tax - Ad Valorem Tax • Property value assessment • Fair market value • Assessed value • Development of a budget and tax rate • Millage rate (1 mil = $1 per $1,000 of AV) • Tax digest - total value (assessed) of property in district • Tax billing and collection – Annually most common

  4. Public Restrictions on Ownership • Power of Escheat • Government’s right to acquire ownership of land when the landowner dies without an heir or a valid will • Power of Eminent Domain • Right of the government to take private property for public use upon the payment of just compensation • Inverse Condemnation

  5. Public Restrictions on Ownership • Police Power • Power to regulate use of private property to protect public health, safety, morals and general welfare

  6. Public Restrictions on Ownership • Elements of the Comprehensive General Plan • An analysis of projected economic development • The transportation plan to provide for necessary circulation • A public-facilities plan that identifies such needed facilities as schools, parks, civic centers, water and sewage disposal plants

  7. Public Restrictions on Ownership • Elements of the Comprehensive General Plan • A land-use plan • An official zoning map

  8. Public Restrictions on Ownership • Implementing the Comprehensive Plan • Comprehensive zoning (Zoning Districts) • Type of use (Res., Bus., Com., Ind.) • Intensity of use • Developmental density • Limitations • Height – feet or stories • Bulk regulations – total sq.ft. • Floor-area ratio - % site area • Minimum lot size and setback regulations

  9. Public Restrictions on Ownership • Zoning Changes • Legislative relief – request for rezoning • Administrative relief • Variances – special cases • Special permitted uses - churches • Judicial relief – sought from courts

  10. Public Restrictions on Ownership • Nonconforming Uses • Use that was legal in the past but not longer complies with current zoning • Building Codes • Establish standards for new construction • SBCC • Subdivision Regulations • Establish standards for subdivision of land • Infrastructure standards

  11. Public Restrictions on Ownership • Subdivision Approval Process • Preapplication conference • Approval of the preliminary plat - construction • Approval of the final plat • Mandatory Dedication • Infrastructure on completion • Required dedication of land for public purposes

  12. Public Restrictions on Ownership • Impact Fees • Assessments on new development for public facilities • Innovative Land-use Control Methods • Planned unit development – subdivision • Performance zoning - preservation • Incentive zoning – public use bonus • Transferable development rights – TDR’s