English pronunciation and intonationChapter one The third period第一章 第三学时Comparison and revision 比较与复习
Warming-up exercise Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers. Did Peter Piper pick a peck of pickled peppers? If Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers, Where's the peck of pickled peppers Peter Piper picked?
The importance of learning English phonetics (1). Good pronunciation and intonation is needed for better communication. (2). Good pronunciation and intonation is the basis of good listening and speaking abilities. (3). Good pronunciation and intonation has some indirect influence on the students’ writing and reading abilities. (4). Good pronunciation and intonation can help the students develop good sense of language.
Contents & structure • Part one Pronunciation • Chapter Ⅰ Front vowels • Chapter Ⅱ Back vowels • Chapter Ⅲ Central vowels • Chapter Ⅳ Diphthongs • Chapter Ⅴ Diphthongs • Chapter Ⅵ Stop consonants • Chapter Ⅶ Friction consonants • Chapter Ⅷ Friction consonants • Chapter Ⅸ Friction consonants • Chapter Ⅹ Affricate consonants • Chapter Ⅺ Nasal consonants • Chapter Ⅻ Lateral consonants • Part two Intonation • Chapter XIII Falling tune • Chapter XIV Rising tune • Chapter XV Falling-Rising tune • Chapter XVI Rising-Falling tune • Practice of pronunciation and intonation
Organs of speech. 1. 上唇 Upper lip 2. 下唇 Lower lip 3. 上齿 Upper teeth 4. 下齿 Lower teeth 5. 上齿龈 Upper teeth ridge 6. 硬腭 Hard palate 7. 软腭 Soft palate 8. 小舌 the uvula 9. 舌端 The tip of the tongue 10. 舌前 The front of the tongue 11. 舌后 The back of the tongue 12. 喉头 throat 13. 声带 the vocal cords 14. 器官 organs 15. 咽头 the pharynx 16. 口腔 the mouth cavity 17. 鼻腔the nasal cavity
/i:/ /i/ /e/ /æ/ There are four front vowels : /i:/ /i/ /e/ and /æ/ For all of them the tip of the tongue is pressed against the lower teeth. The front part of the tongue is raised at varying degrees. There is no lip-rounding, lips are spread or kept neutral.
/i:/ • The front of the tongue nearly touches the front part of the hard palate, and the muscles of the tongue and cheeks are tense. The lips are drawn back in a “smile” and long voiced sound is produced.
Phrases & Sentences three week s green tea team leader Swedish cheese eat a piece of meat keep it a secret Seeing is believing A friend in need is a friend indeed Jean is as busy as a bee She agrees to leave the beach at three
/i/ • The general position of the tongue resembles that of /i:/, but the front of the tongue is lower and drawn back a little. The lips are spread and the tongue is lax.
Phrases & Sentences a big ship six sticks bit by bit a silver lid three wishes little by little A little learning is a dangerous thing His six-year-old sister is as fit as a fiddle Silly Billy slipped into the ditch
/e/ • The lips are more loosely spread and slightly further apart than for /i/. The front of the tongue is near the upper teeth ridge.
Phrases & Sentences seven beds the next lesson fresh and energetic ten desks the best text wet with sweat Remember to tell Ted about the test Better late than never All’s well that ends well East or west, home is best
/æ/ • The front of the tongue is slightly raised. The whole tongue lies low in the mouth. The lips are spread with the widest opening between the jaws among the front vowels.
Phrases & Sentences a happy man caps and hats tit for tat hand in hand a sad lad bags and sags The rat is running on a narrow track Sam’s let the cat out of the bag He’s carrying a map of Japan in his hand Pat married a handsome young man
Dialogues. ---Fish or meat? ---Let me see, fish for me please. ---Coffee or tea? ---Coffee, Please. ---Is there any meat? ---There is only tinned/canned (AE) meat. ---Is it ready to eat? ---Well, you have to heat it before you eat it.
Practice the vowel sound:/æ/ through reading this funny story The Sack One day a man went off to the market to buy rice. Unfortunately, he lost the sack on the way. He went home and told his wife, “The market is too busy today, and besides I lost my sack.” His wife asked nervously, “So, what about the money?” “Oh, no problem. It’s safe. I have tied it to the bottom of the sack.”
Tongue Twister With /i:/ /i/ /e/ /æ/ She sells sea shells on the sea shore, And the shells she sells are sea shells, I’m sure, ’cause if she sells shells at the seashore, The shells she sells are seashells, for sure.
Sing Together • Doe, a deer, a female deer • Ray, a drop of golden sun • Me, a name I call myself • Far, a long long way to run • Sew, a needle pulling thread • La, a note to follow sew • Tea, a drink with jam and bread • That will bring us back to doe, oh, oh, oh…
Additional information • Differences between American and British English with the front vowels: /i/ /I/ & /i:/ /i/ * Comparison. • The pronunciations of American vowel /i/ and British vowel /i:/ are almost the same. The American vowel /i/ has no long sound symbol “:”, because the length of the vowel is not absolutely the same. The length is varied according to the different situations. It is often longer when it is used at the end of a word or in front of a voiced consonant; while it is usually shorter after a voiceless consonant. (Compare: meal, meat, and me.) So, there is no “:” in American phonetic system. • The pronunciations of American vowel /I/ and British vowel /i/ are almost the same.
Summary and after-class assignments • 1. Review and remember the words, phrases, sentences, tongue twisters and the chant learned in class ( T will have a check in the next lecture) • 2. Advertising slogans containing the front vowels: /e/ /æ/. • 3. Practice singing the English song: “My Bonnie”. • 4. Practice the dialogues and make dialogues with the font vowels: /e/ /æ/. • 5. After-class assignments: • ①making sentences with /i:/ /i/ /e/ /æ/ • ②memorizing the phrases and sentences they have learnt (check in the next lesson) • ③telling story “fish”. • ④完成课后练习 葆青编著 高等教育出版社出版 《实用英语语音》P50 练习一：1、题1）、2）、3）、4）、P51 2题、3题 1）、2）、5）、P52 4题 • ⑤完成课后练习 胡文仲 祝珏 马元曦 李贺 编 外语教学与研究出版社出版 《大学英语教程》第一册 P30 练习 1、P32 练习2、3、P33 练习5、 • P35 练习9
My Bonnie • My Bonnie is over the ocean • My Bonnieis over the sea • My Bonnieis over the ocean • Oh, bring back my bonnie to me • Bring back, bring back, bring back my Bonnie to me to me • Bring back, bring back, oh, bring back my Bonnie to me