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New TESTAMENT FOUNDATIONS

New TESTAMENT FOUNDATIONS

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New TESTAMENT FOUNDATIONS

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  1. New TESTAMENT FOUNDATIONS CLASS 8, Section 2 Pages 101-112

  2. New TESTAMENT FOUNDATION • CLASS NUMBER 8 • SECTION TWO • THE SYNOPTIC GOSPELS • REDACTION CRITICISM. • The Authors of the Gospels, and comparing the work between them.

  3. New TESTAMENT FOUNDATION • CRITICISM • Is the art and science of analyzing the text, writers and the environments that the scriptures were constructed in for the purpose of restoring the original meaning.

  4. New TESTAMENT FOUNDATION • REDACTION • CRITICISM • Seeks to describe the theological purposes of the evangelists (Gospel writers) by analyzing the way they use their sources.

  5. New TESTAMENT FOUNDATION

  6. New TESTAMENT FOUNDATION MARK 7:1-8 Then the Pharisees and some of the scribes came together to Him, having come from Jerusalem. 2 Now when they saw some of His disciples eat bread with defiled, that is,

  7. New TESTAMENT FOUNDATION MARK 7:1-8 with unwashed hands, they found fault. 3 For the Pharisees and all the Jews do not eat unless they wash their hands in a special way, holding the tradition of the elders.

  8. New TESTAMENT FOUNDATION MARK 7:1-8 4 When they come from the marketplace, they do not eat unless they wash. And there are many other things which they have received and hold, like the washing of cups, pitchers,

  9. New TESTAMENT FOUNDATION MARK 7:1-8 copper vessels, and couches. 5 Then the Pharisees and scribes asked Him, “Why do Your disciples not walk according to the tradition of the elders, but eat bread with

  10. New TESTAMENT FOUNDATION MARK 7:1-8 unwashed hands?” 6 He answered and said to them, “Well did Isaiah prophesy of you hypocrites, as it is written: ‘This people honors Me with their lips,

  11. New TESTAMENT FOUNDATION MARK 7:1-8 but their heart is far from Me.7 And in vain they worship Me,teaching as doctrines the commandments of men. 8 For laying aside the commandment of God,

  12. New TESTAMENT FOUNDATION MARK 7:1-8 you hold the tradition of men —the washing of pitchers and cups, and many other such things you do.”

  13. New TESTAMENT FOUNDATION • KEY POINTS: • It is possible to work so hard studying the texts that you forget the meaning and its message. • It is possible to know a lot about the Bible and know absolutely nothing about the God of it.

  14. New TESTAMENT FOUNDATION Redaction Criticism Is there a Biblical precedent for this kind of study when examining the Scriptures? If there is then what does the HOLY SPIRIT expect the end result to be?

  15. New TESTAMENT FOUNDATION Redaction Criticism PROVERBS 1:1-7 The proverbs of Solomon the son of David, king of Israel: 2 To know wisdom and instruction,to perceive the words of understanding,

  16. New TESTAMENT FOUNDATION Redaction Criticism PROVERBS 1:1-7 3 To receive the instruction of wisdom, justice, judgment, and equity; 4 To give prudence to the simple, to the young man knowledge and discretion –

  17. New TESTAMENT FOUNDATION Redaction Criticism PROVERBS 1:1-7 5 A wise man will hear and increase learning, and a man of understanding will attain wise counsel, 6 to understand a proverb and an enigma, the words of the

  18. New TESTAMENT FOUNDATION Redaction Criticism PROVERBS 1:1-7 wise and their riddles.7 The fear of the Lordis the beginning of knowledge,but fools despise wisdom and instruction.

  19. New TESTAMENT FOUNDATION Redaction Criticism SEVEN SECRETS TO POWERFUL AND CORRECT BIBLE STUDY. SPIRIT OF ANALOGY – “We must use scripture to define and explain scripture.”

  20. New TESTAMENT FOUNDATION Redaction Criticism SEVEN SECRETS TO POWERFUL AND CORRECT BIBLE STUDY. SPIRIT OF PREPARATION – Use the Proverbs to help and heal your mind before and during your critical Bible studies.

  21. New TESTAMENT FOUNDATION Redaction Criticism 1- To know REAL wisdom. 2-To perceive the words of understanding. To recognize God’s Spirit speaking. 3-To receive the ability of taking God’s instruction for moral, private and public administration of self and community.

  22. New TESTAMENT FOUNDATION Redaction Criticism 4-To give prudence (ability to be shrewd) to the simple (You will need this because satan will actually try to twist the very scriptures you are reading as you read it!). 5-To give knowledge and discretion (purpose) to the young man. 6-To bring wise counsel (as you are reading God’s WORD).

  23. New TESTAMENT FOUNDATION Redaction Criticism 7-To give the ability to understand an enigma or puzzle in scriptures (to avoid confusion in your fallen mind).

  24. New TESTAMENT FOUNDATION Redaction Criticism Proverbs 1:7 The fear of the Lordis the beginning of knowledge,but fools despise wisdom and instruction.

  25. New TESTAMENT FOUNDATIONS 1) Determines the difference between the “TRADITION” of the text and the sources he had in front of him, and the modification of the tradition as the Gospel was written. REDACTION CRITICISM

  26. New TESTAMENT FOUNDATIONS • There was a traditional way that Rabbi’s and teachers were recorded. Then there was the way the gospel writer actually recorded Jesus, what He did and said. REDACTION CRITICISM

  27. New TESTAMENT FOUNDATIONS 2) The editorial activity of the gospel writer. What they have chosen to include or exclude from their writings of Jesus Christ. This is very important to study. REDACTION CRITICISM

  28. New TESTAMENT FOUNDATIONS • JOHN 21:25 • “And there are also many other things that Jesus did, which if they were written one by one, I suppose that even the world itself could not contain the books that would be written. Amen.” REDACTION CRITICISM

  29. New TESTAMENT FOUNDATIONS • 3) Study “patterns of changes” in the gospels. • and patterns themselves in the gospel. • where patterns emerge, we seem to be dealing with a theological concern of the gospel writer. REDACTION CRITICISM

  30. New TESTAMENT FOUNDATIONS -Matthew tracks the lineage of Jesus from Joseph, Jesus’ earthly father, while Luke tracks it from Mary, His Mother. Luke also has patterns that show the prayer times of Jesus Christ with the father and the dialogue of Jesus with women. REDACTION CRITICISM

  31. New TESTAMENT FOUNDATIONS • 4) Seeks to establish a SETTING for the construction of the gospel. • where was it written, why and by whom? REDACTION CRITICISM

  32. New TESTAMENT FOUNDATIONS -While Mark seems to have been written in a hurry and establishes the Messianic events, Matthew is written with Jewish concerns. Luke is a Gentile writer who seems to write for a court of law in the Roman empire. REDACTION CRITICISM

  33. New TESTAMENT FOUNDATIONS • There are 25 PARABOLIC events and stories that Jesus did and taught in Matthew, Mark and Luke. • There are 11 major parables Jesus taught and 12 parabolic events that Jesus did or happened to Him. COMPARISON EXERCISE

  34. New TESTAMENT FOUNDATIONS • The Synoptic gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke share only 2 major parables and only 9 parabolic events between them, and were included in all of them. • 10 parables do not show up in every gospel, while 2 events do not show up. COMPARISON EXERCISE

  35. New TESTAMENT FOUNDATIONS • Any higher critic of the Bible who attempts to destroy the work of Jesus Christ has a motive themselves. • They desire to be gods among men which the gospels will not let them do. THE MOTIVATION

  36. New TESTAMENT FOUNDATION WHAT IS A PARABOLIC EVENT?? WHAT IS A PARABLE? PARABLE “A short allegorical story designed to  illustrate or teach some truth,  religious principle, or moral lesson.”

  37. New TESTAMENT FOUNDATION WHERE DOES PARABLE COME FROM? “PARABOLA”

  38. New TESTAMENT FOUNDATION What is a parabolic event? Any event that surrounds an action or reaction of Jesus Christ, to give us more than a one-on-one two dimensional perspective on the nature and character of our LORD JESUS CHRIST.

  39. New TESTAMENT FOUNDATION COMPARE BY PARABOLA MATTHEW 8:18-27 MARK 4:35-41 LUKE 8:22-25

  40. New TESTAMENT FOUNDATION MATTHEW 8:18-27 18 And when Jesus saw great multitudes about Him, He gave a command to depart to the other side. 19 Then a certain scribe came and said to Him, “Teacher, I will follow You

  41. New TESTAMENT FOUNDATION MATTHEW 8:18-27 wherever You go.” 20 And Jesus said to him, “Foxes have holes and birds of the air have nests, but the Son of Man has nowhere to lay His head.” 21 Then another of His disciples said to Him,

  42. New TESTAMENT FOUNDATION MATTHEW 8:18-27 “Lord, let me first go and bury my father.” 22 But Jesus said to him, “Follow Me, and let the dead bury their own dead.” 23 Now when He got into a boat, His disciples followed Him.

  43. New TESTAMENT FOUNDATION MATTHEW 8:18-27 24 And suddenly a great tempest arose on the sea, so that the boat was covered with the waves. But He was asleep. 25 Then His disciples came to Him and awoke Him, saying,

  44. New TESTAMENT FOUNDATION MATTHEW 8:18-27 “Lord, save us! We are perishing!” 26 But He said to them, “Why are you fearful, O you of little faith?” Then He arose and rebuked the winds and the sea, and there was a great calm.

  45. New TESTAMENT FOUNDATION MATTHEW 8:18-27 27 So the men marveled, saying, “Who can this be, that even the winds and the sea obey Him?”

  46. New TESTAMENT FOUNDATION MARK 4:35-41 35 On the same day, when evening had come, He said to them, “Let us cross over to the other side.” 36 Now when they had left the multitude, they took Him along in the boat as He was. And other little boats were also with Him.

  47. New TESTAMENT FOUNDATION MARK 4:35-41 37 And a great windstorm arose, and the waves beat into the boat, so that it was already filling. 38 But He was in the stern, asleep on a pillow. And they awoke Him and said to Him, “Teacher, do You not care that we are perishing?”

  48. New TESTAMENT FOUNDATION MARK 4:35-41 39 Then He arose and rebuked the wind, and said to the sea, “Peace, be still!” And the wind ceased and there was a great calm. 40 But He said to them, “Why are you so fearful? How is it that you have no faith?” 41 And they feared exceedingly,

  49. New TESTAMENT FOUNDATION MARK 4:35-41 and said to one another, “Who can this be, that even the wind and the sea obey Him!”

  50. New TESTAMENT FOUNDATION LUKE 8:22-25 22 Now it happened, on a certain day, that He got into a boat with His disciples. And He said to them, “Let us cross over to the other side of the lake.” And they launched out. 23 But as they sailed He fell asleep.