Direct Quotations (writing a speakers exact words) • Use quotation marks at the beginning and end of a direct quotation Ex: “I hate the Red Sox,” said Martin. • Use commas to set off explanatory word Ex: “I hate the Red Sox,” stated Martin. • Place !, ?, ., , inside the closing quotation marks, except when the quoted words are part of a question Ex: Did Martin say he “hated the Red Sox”?
Indirect Quotations (a restatement, in different words, of what someone said) • Do not use quotation marks for indirect quotes Direct: Martin said, “I love the Yankees!” Indirect: Martin said he was a Yankee fan.
Divided Quotations (separated into two parts with explanatory words in between) • Use quotation marks to enclose both parts of a divided quotation • Use commas to set off explanatory words Ex: Having won 26 championships said Martin the Yankees are the best team in history • Do not capitalize the first word of the second part unless it begins a new sentence
Quotation Marks in Dialogue (conversation between two or more speakers) • In dialogue, a new paragraph and a new set of quotation marks signal a change in speakers He said, “I can chop wood today.” I said, “But I have a boy coming from the orphanage.” “I am the boy.”